2 Early gods Most Arab tribes were polytheistic before 600 A.D. Polytheistic: believe in many godsThey used idols (small statues) to represent them.Each tribe had their own gods.Islam: Empire of Faith
3 Mecca and the (Ka’bah) Kaaba Mecca was a small trading town built around the KaabaTribes kept idols to their gods in the Kaaba
4 Muhammad He was a merchant. He claims he received a message from the angel Gabriel explaining that there is only one god.Islam: Empire of Faith
5 Muhammad’s ReactionMuhammad doubts the angel’s command because he doesn’t know how to read!»Gabriel tells him that if God can create the world he can help Muhammad read. 6
6 Qu’ran- believed by Muslim’s to be the written record of God’s words revealed to Muhammad.
7 The Qur’an (Koran) “The Word of Allah” Islam: Empire of FaithThe Sunna “The Words and deeds of Muhammad” (includes the Five Pillars)
8 Five Pillars of Islam Set of 5 rules all Muslims must live by. Given by Muhammad in the Sunna.
9 The Five Pillars Prayer: Pray 5 times a day Fasting: Don’t eat or drink during RamadanCharity: Give 2.5% of your income to charityDeclaration: Daily statement about beliefsPilgrimage (the Hajj): Travel to Mecca