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USII.8a Rebuilding Europe and Japan Emergence of the United States as a Superpower Establishment of the United Nations.

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Presentation on theme: "USII.8a Rebuilding Europe and Japan Emergence of the United States as a Superpower Establishment of the United Nations."— Presentation transcript:

1 USII.8a Rebuilding Europe and Japan Emergence of the United States as a Superpower Establishment of the United Nations

2 Essential Understandings Learning from the mistakes of the past, the United States accepted its role as a world superpower, helping to rebuild Europe and Japan and taking a leading role in establishing the United Nations.

3 Essential Question How did the United States help rebuild postwar Europe and Japan?

4 Essential Knowledge Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II. Soviet forces occupied most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of Germany. The United States felt it was in its best interest to help rebuild Europe and prevent political and economic instability.

5 Marshall Plan The United States instituted _______________________________’s plan to rebuild Europe (the Marshall Plan), which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of _________________________.

6 Partitioned Germany Germany was partitioned into _____________ and _____________ Germany. West Germany became ____________________ and resumed self-government after a few years of American, British, and French occupation. East Germany remained under the domination of the ____________________ and did not adopt democratic institutions.

7 Occupation of Japan Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by American forces. It soon adopted a ______________________ form of government, resumed self-government, and became of strong ________________ of the United States.

8 Establishment of the United Nations The United Nations was formed near the end of ______________________to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars.

9 USII.8b Converting from a Wartime to a Peacetime Economy

10 Essential Understandings Following World War II, Americans prospered due to an expanding economy stimulated by America’s involvement in the war.

11 Essential Question What contributed to the prosperity of Americans following World War II?

12 Reasons for Rapid Growth of the American Economy Following WWII: With rationing of consumer goods over, businesses converted from production of ___________________ materials to ___________________ goods. Americans purchased goods on __________________. The work force shifted back to men, and most women returned full time to ____________________ responsibilities. ________________________merged and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher salaries. As economic prosperity continued and technology boomed, the next generation of ________________________ entered the labor force in large numbers.

13 USII.8d Changing Patterns of American Society: Education and Economic Opportunities for Military Veterans, Women, and Minorities

14 Essential Understandings Changing patterns in American society since the end of World War II changed the way most Americans lived and worked.

15 Essential Questions What factors led to changing patterns of society in post-World War II era? What policies and programs expanded educational and employment opportunities for the military, women, and minorities?

16 Factors Leading to Changing Patterns in United States’ Society Strong _____________________ (healthy job market, increased productivity, increased demand for American products) Greater investment in _____________________ The “___________________,” which led to changing demographics Interstate ____________________ system Evolving role of ______________________ (expected to play a supporting role in the family while increasingly working outside the home) Role of ____________________________in expanding human rights __________________________’ aspirations for equal opportunities

17 Policies/Programs Expanding Education and Employment Opportunities ________________________of Rights gave educational, housing, and employment benefits to veterans ____________________ desegregated the armed forces Civil Rights legislation led to increased educational, economic, and political opportunities for _________________ and _____________________

18 USII.8c What was the role of America’s military and veterans in defending freedom during the Cold War (including wars in Korea and Vietnam, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the collapse of communism in Europe, and the rise of new challenges?

19 Essential Understandings The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as world powers, triggering a rivalry over ideology and national security. Since World War II, the United States has been directly involved in various conflicts that reflected the divisions created by Cold War tensions and hostilities. The tensions between the free world and the communist world caused divisiveness at home and abroad. The Cold War was the central organizing principle in foreign affairs for 40 years.

20 Essential Questions How and why did the Cold War begin? What have been the major conflicts and confrontations involving America in the post- World War II era? How did Cold War tensions cause divisiveness at home? How did communism collapse in Europe? How were the challenges after the Cold War different from earlier challenges?

21 Cold War The state of ____________________ without actual fighting between the United States and the ____________________, which divided the world into two camps

22 Origins of the Cold War Differences in goals and ideologies between the United States and the Soviet Union (the two superpowers). The United States was _________________ and capitalist; the Soviet Union was dictatorial and __________________. The Soviet Union’s domination over _______________________ European countries American policy of _____________________(to stop the spread of communism) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) vs. _________________________

23 Major Conflicts in the post-WWII Era South Korea and the United States resisted Chinese and North Korean aggression. The conflict ended in a _____________________________. The ______________________occurred when the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. ______________________ of Cuba. The United States intervened to stop the spread of communism into South Vietnam (_____________________). Americans were divided over whether the United States should be involved militarily in Vietnam. The conflict ended in a _____________________ agreement in which U.S. troops withdrew.

24 Collapse of Communism in Europe Breakup of the Soviet Union into _________________________ countries Destruction of the ______________________ New Challenges Role of the United States __________________ intervention __________________ challenges Global issues, including trade, _____________, diseases, energy

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