2 Today’s agenda In today’s session, you’ll be learning about: Safety before using the crane or hoistHow to conduct a crane and hoist pre-use inspectionSafety during the liftSafety at the end of the job
3 What are cranes and hoists? Cranes are machines for lifting and lowering loads, and moving the load horizontally.A hoist is a machine that can be part of a crane or it can be installed alone. Hoists are designed to lift and lower material.
4 Cranes and hoists: Before use Only trained and authorized personnel are allowed to operate cranes and hoistsRead and understand the manufacturer instructions for safe operationAlways inspect the crane or hoist before operation
5 NEVER USE A DAMAGED OR DEFECTIVE CRANE OR HOIST! Pre-use inspectionVisually check all components for damage and wearCheck hydraulic and air systems for leaksCheck hooks and latchesCheck hoist chains and ropesOperate all controls to ensure proper operation with no loadCheck operation of the upper limit switch with an empty hook at low speed (beginning of the shift)NEVER USE A DAMAGED OR DEFECTIVE CRANE OR HOIST!
6 NEVER LIFT MATERIAL OVER YOUR HEAD OR OVER OTHER PERSONNEL Starting the jobSafe attachment and rigging of material is a critical part of crane and hoist safety: be sure that you have adequate instructions or supervisionLoads must always be centered on the crane at or near its balance pointPlan your route so material is never moved over or close to people or where the load might strike another object in the work environmentNEVER LIFT MATERIAL OVER YOUR HEAD OR OVER OTHER PERSONNEL
7 Starting the jobCommunicate crane and hoist use when material is handled close to where others are working: alert other workers verbally or by using crane warning devices (if present)Check the weight of the load and be sure that it is within the maximum lifting capacity of the crane or hoistNEVER EXCEED THE MAXIMUM LIFTING CAPACITY OF A CRANE, HOIST, SLING OR OTHER LIFTING DEVICES
8 During the liftNever place any body part under the suspended load. Stay back from the potential drop zone of the suspended materialNever wrap the lifting rope or chain around material: use a sling or other device to attach the load to the crane or hoistDo not twist the lifting rope or chain, or slings and rigging devices
9 During the liftDo not jerk the material: use slow and steady movements when operating equipmentNever make lateral lifts or side pulls: the material should be directly below the lifting block of the crane or hoistIf the load starts to fall: warn others in the area and get awayNEVER ATTEMPT TO CATCH OR STOP A LOAD THAT IS FALLING FROM A CRANE OR HOIST
10 Finishing the job Do not leave loads suspended on a crane or hoist Raise and/or store the lift hook and block where it is not a hazard for others walking through the area
11 Lifting equipment in our facility The following cranes and hoists are used in our facility:insert list of equipment here
12 Conclusion When using cranes and hoists: The operator is responsible for her/his safety and for the safety of all others in the area.To keep the job safe, the rules must be followed from inspection through the end of the job.
13 For more informationFor more information regarding crane and hoist safety, or other safety issues please contact:Gregory & Appel InsuranceMike Salazar, Vice PresidentDirect: