Input: Shi Huangdi Unites China During the Era of the Warring States, many leaders tried to unify China. But geography and opposition from rival warlords made it difficult to unite the country under one rule. Despite these challenges, one kingdom did finally succeed in uniting China. Its leader founded the ruling family known as the Qin Dynasty.
The Rise of Qin Conflicts between warring states divided China for more than 200 years! By the end of this several powerful kingdoms had emerged Qin was the most powerful
The Qin Kingdom Qin was a mountain kingdom in northwestern China Qin rulers built a strong government Were great warriors Fought with swords and crossbows, skilled on horseback
The Qin Unite China One by one the Qin brought down rival kingdoms Ruler thought “king” was too small a title for the ruler of such a vast empire Named himself “Shi Huangdi” – which means “first emperor”
The Rise of the Qin Read The Rise of the Qin on pages 326-327 of your textbook
Qin Policies and Achievements Shi Huangdi faced many challenges Empire was divided into distinct regions Customs and languages varied Threat of barbarians and rebellion
The Great Wall Began the largest public works project in history – The Great Wall of China Wall’s purpose was to defend the empire from attack by nomads living on China’s northern borders
A Legalist Government Shi Huangdi based his empire’s government on Legalist ideas Introduced the concept of centralization (or a central governing system) Organized China into 36 provinces Each was divided into counties
A Legalist Government To prevent rebellion, Shi Huangdi forced thousands of noble families to relocate to the capital city
Qin Policies and Achievements Read Qin Policies and Achievements on pages 327 – 329 of your textbook.
Harsh Laws Emperor established a uniform legal code across his empire Applied equally to nobles AND commoners
Uniform Standards Emperor standardized many aspects of daily life Single written language Uniform coins Standard length for axles on carriages (so roads would be uniform)
Thought Control Tried to control Chinese thought by adopting a policy of censorship – or banning ideas he found dangerous or offensive Burned all books that did not support his policies
The Fall of the Qin Dynasty In 210 B.C., Emperor Shi Huangdi died His dynasty collapsed three years later Was undone by the harshness of its laws
The Fall of the Qin Dynasty Rebellion was sparked by a soldier named Chen Sheng Rebels joined together to overthrow the Qin Dynasty Then began fighting amongst themselves, and China slide back into chaos…
Qin Policies and Achievements Read Qin Policies and Achievements on pages 330 – 332 of your textbook
Check for Understanding Which Dynasty unified China? What was its undoing?
Check for Understanding Which Dynasty unified China? The Qin Dynasty unified China. What was its undoing? The harsh Legalistic laws of the Qin Dynasty was its undoing.
Modeling/Guided/Independent Complete the Modeling, Guided Practice, and Independent Practice Sections of your Social Studies 12-1 Worksheet.