Presentation on theme: "UN Millennium Development Goals"— Presentation transcript:
1 UN Millennium Development Goals Target date: 2015Text adapted from:United Nations Development Programme: (2002);Millennium Development Goals Report 2005: The State of Food Insecurity in the World (FAO) 2005
3 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target for 2015: Halve the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day and those who suffer from hunger.More than a billion people live on less than $1 a day800 million people do not have enough food to meet their energy needs¼ of children under 5 in the developing world are malnourished
7 2. Achieve universal primary education Target for 2015: Ensure that all boys and girls complete primary school.115 million children do not attend school, but the target is within reach.India classroom
13 Gender inequality in employment The rate of employment among women is two-thirds that of men.
14 Gender inequality in government The proportion of seats in parliaments held by women is increasing16% worldwideAbout one third inArgentinaMozambiqueSouth AfricaLuisa Dias Diogo, Prime Minister of Mozambique
15 4. Reduce child mortality Target for 2015: Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under fiveEvery year nearly 11 million young children die before their fifth birthdayEquals 30,000 children a daymainly from preventable illnessesthat number is down from 15 million in 1980.
17 5. Improve maternal health Target for 2015: Reduce by three-quarters the ratio of women dying in childbirth.In the developing world, the risk of dying in childbirth is one in 48But virtually all countries now have safe motherhood programs.U.S. risk of dying in childbirth is one in 10,000Nurse-midwife trainees, India
20 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Target for 2015: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDSand the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.Forty million people are living with HIVAIDS is the leading cause of premature death in Sub-Saharan Africa
24 AIDS, Malaria and Hunger ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/008/a0200e/a0199e.pdf
25 HIV EducationSome countries have shown that the spread of HIV can be stemmed.BrazilSenegalThailandUgandaUganda billboard
26 7. Ensure environmental sustainability Targets:Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programsReverse the loss of environmental resources.Reforestation project, West Africa
29 Safe Drinking WaterTarget: by 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water.More than one billion people lack access to safe drinking waterDuring the 1990s, nearly one billion people gained access to safe water
30 Populations without access to safe drinking water
31 Slum DwellersTarget: by 2020 achieve significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.New Delhi, India
32 Number of Urban Slum Dwellers is Increasing Global urban population has surpassed rural populationFuture increase in world population will be in urban slumsThere are now 1 billion slum dwellers31% of urban populations worldwide71% of urban populations in Sub- Saharan AfricaGlobal urban population will grow to 6 billion by 2050Will be 3.5 billion slum dwellersSource: BBC 2003
33 Percentage of Global Slum Dwellers is declining
39 8. Develop a global partnership for development Targets:Develop further an open trading and financial systemincludes a national and international commitment to goodgovernancedevelopmentpoverty reductionUganda Parliament
40 Special Needs Address the least developed countries’ special needs Landlocked StatesSmall island developing StatesHaiti
41 Youth Develop decent and productive work for youth Youth job training, S. Africa
42 Affordable DrugsProvide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countriesIn cooperation with pharmaceutical companies
43 TechnologyIn cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologiesEspecially information and communications technologies.
46 Debt Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems Many developing countries spend more on debt service than on social services.Middle income countries benefit from increased tradePoorest countries benefit more from aid than trade