The map to the right shows the urban sprawl of Baltimore, MD starting in 1792. = Baltimore, MD
Definition: Urban Sprawl: –The rapid growth of an urban area, increasing development in suburban areas. Las Vegas, NV
What causes an area to change from low development to urban sprawl? Las Vegas - 1956 Las Vegas - 2011
Causes 1.Rapid Population Growth -Since 1950, more than 90 percent of the U.S. metropolitan population growth has taken place in the suburbs. -Roughly two out of three people in the nation’s metro areas are suburban dwellers. - People are moving from rural areas to urban areas.
Causes 2.Cars – Highways and cheap gas allow people to move to the suburbs
Causes 3.Unrestricted Growth – People allowed to build anywhere
Causes 4.The digital revolution -The home-based workforce has grown 23 percent over the past decade, according to the U.S. Census. -Makes it easier for people to live further from downtown areas.
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Stressed Infrastructure –High Traffic –Overuse of water
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Spatial Inequality –Affluent areas near poorer communities Caracas, Venezuela
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Food Deserts –urban areas with few, if any, grocery stores with healthy food options Video Link: Food Deserts in Chicago
Lakeview: 24 Grocery Stores Urban area to the west: 8 Grocery Stores (much larger area) Key: - Red = White - Blue = Black - Green = Asian - Orange = Hispanic - Gray = Other - Each dot = 25 people. Data from 2000 Census.
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Stressed Public Services –Schools –Hospitals –Police 86 mins 98 mins
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Increased Taxes –Local government must increase taxes to pay for increased demand on public services.
Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl Pollution Deforestation Destruction of animal habitats