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Selected Immigration Policy Practices 11.951 September 18, 2007 Anne Schwieger.

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Presentation on theme: "Selected Immigration Policy Practices 11.951 September 18, 2007 Anne Schwieger."— Presentation transcript:

1 Selected Immigration Policy Practices 11.951 September 18, 2007 Anne Schwieger

2 Practice #1: Labor Quota System Has been used from time to time (1993-1995, 1997-1999, and 2002) to respond to unmet demand in labor market 2002 reform of system – Requires that quotas be determined annually by National Employment Institute –Government only hires foreign workers directly from their countries of origin and through bilateral agreements with sending countries Criticism: Does not meet labor needs – labor unions estimated a need for 10,000 additional workers in 2002 Data to seek: –Labor market demand (past, present and projected) by sector and geographical area http://www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=97

3 Practice #2: Regularization At most basic level, offers migrants who are in a country without authorization the opportunity to legalize their status Most regularization programs fall into one of two categories –De facto: grants permanent residency to migrants after they have lived in a country for a certain number of years (UK requires continuous stay of 14 years to attain status) –“One-shot”: targets a finite number of migrants who have specific residency and work requirements Spain has implemented at least 8 different regularization programs between 1991 and 2005. One in 2001 is named the Extraordinary Program for Ecuadorians Major controversy regarding who is eligible –Certain categories of migrants –People who have been in the country and/or working for a certain length of time Data to seek: –Population of non-authorized migrant people by geographic area –Categories of migrants that Spain has accepted in the past, categories that the country is expected to accept in the future http://www.migrationinformation.org/feature/print.cfm?ID=330

4 Number SubmittedPercent of Total Andalucía84,37212.28 Aragón18,1862.65 Asturias2,7760.40 Castilla la Mancha26,6083.87 Canarias23,2113.38 Cantabria1,9470.28 Castilla y León11,4201.66 Cataluña138.53720.16 Ceuta660.01 Extremadura2,9320.43 Galicia6,5450.95 Islas Baleares21,3083.10 La Rioja6,5790.96 Madrid170,78424.85 Melilla2150.03 Murcia43,7326.36 Navarra8,0381.17 País Vasco13,1711.92 Comunidad Valenciana106,71115.53 Total687,138100 Regularization Applications Submitted by Autonomous Community * * The 3,541 applications submitted between 9pm and 12am on May 7, 2005 are not included Source: Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, Spain http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=331

5 Top 10 Countries of Origin for Regularization Applications* * The 3,541 applications submitted between 9pm and 12am on May 7, 2005 are not included Source: Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, Spain http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=331

6 Practice #3ish: Spain and Morocco European Mediterranean Association Agreements (EMAA) signed between EU and Morocco in 1996 to support Morocco’s “economic transition” –Implemented primarily through MEDA program which seeks to increase competitiveness by developing the private sector and promoting good governance –Significant funds target the stated goal of immigration reduction Annual MEDA aid is equal to only two percent of remittances All association agreements contain clauses dealing with political dialogue; the free movement of goods, services and capital; economic cooperation; social and cultural cooperation; financial cooperation and institutional arrangements Data to seek: –Current and projected rate of migration from Morocco (or entire Maghreb) –Funds to be directed to Morocco (or entire Maghreb)

7 p. 10 EURO-MED ASSOCIATION AGREEMENTS IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/euromed/asso_agree_guide_en.pdf


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