+ DSM IV – Substance Abuse A. Maladaptive pattern of substance use (1 or more) within a 12 month period Failure to fulfill major role obligations Use when physically hazardous Substance related legal problems Continued use despite persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems
+ DSM IV- Substance Dependence maladaptive pattern of SA within the same 12 month period, with 3 or more of: Tolerance-(increases) Withdrawal (withdrawal syndrome or take similar drug) Substance taken in larger amounts or longer duration than intended Persistent or unsuccessful effort to decrease or control use
+ Much time spent to obtain, use, or recover from effects of substance Important activities given up or reduced because of use Use continues despite physical or psychological problems Substance dependence - continued…
+ Prescriptions Are the symptoms described through a medical malady…or maybe withdrawal from experimenting?
+ Post Acute Withdrawal Symptoms These symptoms are a natural part of the recovery process. They are usually present from 6 to 18 months after addict stops drinking or drugging. Symptoms include: difficultly in thinking problems numbering things difficulty in focusing attention problems following logical sequences memory problems over or under-emotional, such as over-reacting or being numb over-reacts to stress sleep disturbances accident prone
+ Why Students Use Anxiety Depression Social Acceptance Quell FEAR Cope with problems Aide a Sexual encounter
+ What students do not understand about alcohol Measurement Blood Alcohol Content Tolerance Gender differences Pacing themselves Proof BiPhasic Curve