Presentation on theme: "High Nature Value farming – what are we trying to do? Galati April 2008 Guy Beaufoy / Gwyn Jones."— Presentation transcript:
High Nature Value farming – what are we trying to do? Galati April 2008 Guy Beaufoy / Gwyn Jones
The Forum is a European network of individuals and organisations involved in farming and nature conservation at local and EU levels. Here today are: Gwyn Jones Western Isles, Scotland Guy Beaufoy Extremadura, Spain
HNV farming favours biodiversity for two main reasons: The type of land cover: –Mainly semi-natural vegetation that is grazed or mown (Type 1). –May be mosaic of semi-natural vegetation with crops (Type 2). The way the land cover is used: –Always low intensity use of land, livestock, machinery, chemical inputs –May be high intensity use of labour
Type 1 HNV - grazing land in central Spain Land cover:semi-natural grass, scrub and woodland Use:grazing by cows and goats at <0.2 LU/ha
Black vulture Nardus grasslands Hedge-hog heaths Cytisus purgans formations Hay meadows Natural values maintained by mountain grazing
HNV farming is low intensity farming, except in use of labour, for example: - shepherding, olive harvesting
Future landscape? Abandoned land and intensive fruit production? Biodiversity declines.
Type 2 HNV: cereal steppes, La Serena (western Spain) Land cover:mix of permanent pasture, arable crops, fallow Use:low-intensity sheep grazing and arable cropping Possible HNV indicators: >25% permanent pasture >50% fallow <0.2 LU/ ha <1 tonne cereals / ha
Large-scale mosaic of low-intensity crops, fallow and pasture Great bustard Sandgrouse Montagu’s harrier Cereal steppe bird communities
Mosaic of arable and permanent crops. Semi-natural vegetation limited to small patches and field margins. Fewer species. Otis tetrax
Low-intensity management Livestock Nitrogen Biocides % of semi-natural land cover Grass, scrub Trees Field margins Water bodies Diversity of land cover Crops Fallows Grass, scrub Trees Water bodies Type 1 Type 2 HNV
Semi-natural vegetation Intensity of use (of land, livestock, nitrogen, biocides) 100% 0% Type 1: 100% semi-natural Type 2: Mix of semi-natural and crops Type 3: More intensive crops and grass Not HNV
EU and national commitments on HNV farming 1.Identify HNV farming in each country. 2.Support HNV farming and its positive function for biodiversity. 3.Monitor approximate extent of HNV farming as one indicator of RD Programme effects.
Identifying HNV farming (1) Describe main characteristics, in terms of land cover and how it is used. Biodiversity values and relationship to farming practices. Socio-economic situation: –Is it viable? –Can it be made viable? –What support is needed?
Identifying HNV farming (2) Purpose of identifying HNV farming is: –To know how many hectares HNV there are, for monitoring over time –To be able to target support at it. This means indicators must be defined to distinguish HNV farming from non-HNV farming. For example, proportion of land under semi- natural vegetation, livestock densities…
Monitoring HNV farming EU requires all Member States to work out total hectares of HNV farming. This should be monitored 2007-13. Suites of species associated with HNV farmland should be monitored also. Data for these tasks are poor in all countries, and should be improved.
Decide indicators for each HNV system using the basic criteria: 1) % semi-natural vegetation 2) farming intensity 3) mosaic Typology of broad HNV farming systems, describing characteristics (agronomic, economic, conservation) Identify suites of species associated with each HNV farming system HNV baseline quantity : Calculate ha of farmland meeting the chosen indicator values. HNV baseline quality : Status of populations of these species. Local case studies for ground-truthing Developing national HNV farming indicators
Maintaining HNV farming Aim is to support across large areas, not just in protected sites. Two approaches are needed: –Economic support for the broad types of farming that have been identified as HNV. For example, grazing <0.2LU / ha. –Locally targeted schemes to tackle specific problems (economic, agronomic, conservation).
National consultation to develop suppport measures for HNV farming systems Analyse economic situation and support needed to maintain HNVfarming National payment scheme for broad farming types meeting the chosen HNV indicator values Local projects with farmers involved, to tackle specific issues (economic, agronomic, conservation) Local case studies for ground-truthing Analyse conservation needs for habitats and species associated with the farming system Developing HNV support measures
Outline of presentation: What is HNV farming and why is it important? What do EU and national commitments for HNV mean in practice?
Landscape diversity and species richness Peeters A., 2006. Processus écologiques et agricoles dans une diversité de situations, synthèse scientifique. Présentation au colloque Action publique, Agriculture et biodiversité, Rennes 23-25 octobre 2006
Olive grove in Córdoba (Spain), with semi- permanent understorey, key for HNV