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Chapter 2 Care of the Surgical Patient Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
Slide 2 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Receiving room –preanesthesia unit – insertion IV catheter, pre-operative medications, hair removal Operating room – circulating nurse, scrub nurse Intraoperative Period
Slide 3 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Intraoperative Phase Role of the nurse Circulating nurse Prepares equipment and supplies Arranges supplies—sterile and nonsterile Sends for patient Visits with patient preoperatively: verifies operative (op) permit, identifies patient, and answers questions Performs patient assessment Checks medical record Assists in transfer of patient Positions patient on operating table
Slide 4 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Intraoperative Phase Circulating nurse (continued) Counts sponges, needles, and instruments before surgery Assists scrub nurse in arranging tables for sterile field Maintains continuous astute observations during surgery to anticipate needs of patient, scrub nurse, surgeon, and anesthesiologist Provides supplies to scrub nurse as needed Observes sterile field closely Cares for surgical specimens
Slide 5 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Intraoperative Phase Circulating nurse (continued ) Documents operative record and nurse’s notes Counts sponges, needles, and instruments when closure of wound begins Transfers patient to the stretcher for transport to recovery area Must be careful to slowly change patient’s position to prevent hypotension Accompanies patient to the recovery room and provides a report
Slide 6 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Intraoperative Phase Scrub nurse Performs surgical hand scrub Dons sterile gown and gloves aseptically Arranges sterile supplies and instruments Checks instruments for proper functioning Counts sponges, needles, and instruments with circulating nurse Gowns and gloves surgeons as they enter operating room Assists with surgical draping of patient
Slide 7 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Intraoperative Phase Scrub nurse (continued) Maintains neat and orderly sterile field Corrects breaks in aseptic technique Observes progress of surgical procedure Hands surgeon instruments, sponges, and necessary supplies during procedure Identifies and handles surgical specimens correctly Maintains count of sponges, needles, and instruments so none will be misplaced or lost
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