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REVIEW LUNES, EL 9 DE FEBRERO. ¿QUÉ VAMOS A HACER HOY? 1. Talk about the homework 2. Review key ideas that many of us missed on past homework assignments.

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Presentation on theme: "REVIEW LUNES, EL 9 DE FEBRERO. ¿QUÉ VAMOS A HACER HOY? 1. Talk about the homework 2. Review key ideas that many of us missed on past homework assignments."— Presentation transcript:

1 REVIEW LUNES, EL 9 DE FEBRERO

2 ¿QUÉ VAMOS A HACER HOY? 1. Talk about the homework 2. Review key ideas that many of us missed on past homework assignments 3. Talk about the homework that’s due

3 ABOUT THE HOMEWORK IN GENERAL Please do your homework in Spanish, not English Please do your homework in Spanish, not English Please, don’t use Google Translate Please, don’t use Google Translate Some of you are using verb tenses and phrases we haven’t learned yet Some of you are using verb tenses and phrases we haven’t learned yet Can’t figure out how to get the accent buttons to work? Indicate this to me somehow Can’t figure out how to get the accent buttons to work? Indicate this to me somehow On student included in parenthesis after the question (Accent on “A” in “Africa”) On student included in parenthesis after the question (Accent on “A” in “Africa”) Please call me Señorita instead of Señora. It makes me feel old!! Please call me Señorita instead of Señora. It makes me feel old!! Señora = Mrs Señorita = Miss Señora = Mrs Señorita = Miss The class average for homework assignments is 90.5% !!! Good job everyone!!!!! The class average for homework assignments is 90.5% !!! Good job everyone!!!!!

4 GENERAL TIPS AND TRICKS When you don’t know which verb to use, look at the verb that the question uses. When you don’t know which verb to use, look at the verb that the question uses. Imagine if you asked someone a question, and they just started talking about something else… Imagine if you asked someone a question, and they just started talking about something else… “How many clases are you taking?” ¿Cuántas clases tomas? “How many clases are you taking?” ¿Cuántas clases tomas? “I get good grades” Saco buenas notas. “I get good grades” Saco buenas notas. “Okay… What is your favorite subject?” Vale… ¿Qué es tu materia favorita? “Okay… What is your favorite subject?” Vale… ¿Qué es tu materia favorita? “I like pencils.” Me gustan los lápices. “I like pencils.” Me gustan los lápices.

5 USTED  DO I USE “USTED” OR “YO” IN MY ANSWER? I will accept either or, just make sure you stay consistent with your choice! I will accept either or, just make sure you stay consistent with your choice! Although, the textbook is trying to familiarize you with conjugating in the Usted form Although, the textbook is trying to familiarize you with conjugating in the Usted form For example, if a homework is practicing conjugating verbs, and it tells you For example, if a homework is practicing conjugating verbs, and it tells you Usted, bailar Usted, bailar You can either interpret “Usted” as it asking you personally, or conjugate it in the “Usted” form. You can either interpret “Usted” as it asking you personally, or conjugate it in the “Usted” form.

6 WHICH SUBJECT PRONOUN DO I USE? Yo (I) Yo (I) tú (you) tú (you) él (he) él (he) ella (she) ella (she) Usted (you formal) Usted (you formal) nosotros/nosotras (we) nosotros/nosotras (we) vosotros/vosotras (you all) vosotros/vosotras (you all) ellos (they) ellos (they) ellas (they (feminine)) ellas (they (feminine)) Ustedes (you formal plural/ you all). Ustedes (you formal plural/ you all). What is a subject pronoun?

7 WHICH SUBJECT PRONOUN DO I USE? Su compañero/a de cuarto (roommate) y Usted, el sábado, el 9 de la noche Su compañero/a de cuarto (roommate) y Usted, el sábado, el 9 de la noche Su companero + Usted = ? Su companero + Usted = ? It depends how you interpret the question. When they use “Usted” are you going to answer in the “Usted” form, or answer as if they’re asking you directly (thus using the “yo” form) It depends how you interpret the question. When they use “Usted” are you going to answer in the “Usted” form, or answer as if they’re asking you directly (thus using the “yo” form) Sample: “ A la nueve de la noche está en la cama.” Sample: “ A la nueve de la noche está en la cama.” Any errors? If so, what are they? Any errors? If so, what are they?

8 WHICH SUBJECT PRONOUN DO I USE? Mis amigos y yo ________ (bailar) Mis amigos y yo ________ (bailar) Mis amigos ________ (bailar) Mis amigos ________ (bailar) Uno de ellos ______ (bailar) Uno de ellos ______ (bailar) Mi familia ______ (bailar) Mi familia ______ (bailar) Mi familia y yo _______ (bailar) Mi familia y yo _______ (bailar) bailar = to dance bailobailamos bailasbailáis bailabailan

9 ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES Adjectives = words that modify nouns Adjectives = words that modify nouns Red, short, boring Red, short, boring bueno, buenos, buena, buenas, cómico/a, responsible, etc. bueno, buenos, buena, buenas, cómico/a, responsible, etc. Adverbs = words that modify nouns OR verbs Adverbs = words that modify nouns OR verbs Quickly, quietly, sometimes Quickly, quietly, sometimes siempre, bien, nunca, etc. siempre, bien, nunca, etc.

10 ADVERBS VS ADJECTIVES This can be tricky for native English speakers because we sometimes accept adjectives when we should be listening for adverbs This can be tricky for native English speakers because we sometimes accept adjectives when we should be listening for adverbs How are you doing?” How are you doing?” I’m doing good, thanks!  “I’m doing well, thanks” I’m doing good, thanks!  “I’m doing well, thanks” “He plays the guitar really good!”  “He plays the guitar really well” “He plays the guitar really good!”  “He plays the guitar really well”

11 ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES So, when someone asks ¿Cómo estás? they’re asking “How are you (feeling/doing)? (how you feel and where you are, always use the verb estar) So, when someone asks ¿Cómo estás? they’re asking “How are you (feeling/doing)? (how you feel and where you are, always use the verb estar) When we answer, we say “Estoy bien.” (I am doing well). When we answer, we say “Estoy bien.” (I am doing well). Why do we use the adverb form? Why do we use the adverb form? Because we’re describing how we are being (doing). We are doing well. Because we’re describing how we are being (doing). We are doing well. What happens if we use “bueno”? What happens if we use “bueno”? It would mean that today you’re a good (nice) person, but usually you’re not OR It would mean that today you’re a good (nice) person, but usually you’re not OR We would have to use “ser” as well, and it would completely change the meaning We would have to use “ser” as well, and it would completely change the meaning “Soy bueno”  “I am (a) good (person).” “Soy bueno”  “I am (a) good (person).”

12 WEATHER Many of you said “hace llueve” in the homework assignments Many of you said “hace llueve” in the homework assignments This is a good mistake, because it shows me that you understand we use hace to talk about weather. This is a good mistake, because it shows me that you understand we use hace to talk about weather. So, why don’t we use “hace llueve”? So, why don’t we use “hace llueve”? Spanish has a verb that means “to rain”. It is “llover”. Spanish has a verb that means “to rain”. It is “llover”. When we say it’s raining, we simply conjugate the verb  llueve. When we say it’s raining, we simply conjugate the verb  llueve. But I thought it was llover, not lluever? But I thought it was llover, not lluever? It’s a verb that changes spelling in the “stem” of the verb, or the central part of the verb. It’s a verb that changes spelling in the “stem” of the verb, or the central part of the verb. In other words, it’s an irregular verb. In other words, it’s an irregular verb. It also only exists in the third person singular form, aka él / ella / Usted form It also only exists in the third person singular form, aka él / ella / Usted form llover = to rain llueve-

13 WEATHER Spanish has a verb that means “to rain”. It is “llover”. Spanish has a verb that means “to rain”. It is “llover”. When we say it’s raining, we simply conjugate the verb  llueve. When we say it’s raining, we simply conjugate the verb  llueve. But I thought it was llover, not lluever? But I thought it was llover, not lluever? It’s a verb that changes spelling in the “stem” of the verb, or the central part of the verb. It’s a verb that changes spelling in the “stem” of the verb, or the central part of the verb. In other words, it’s an irregular verb. In other words, it’s an irregular verb. It also only exists in the third person singular form, aka él / ella / Usted form It also only exists in the third person singular form, aka él / ella / Usted form What about “está lloviendo”? What about “está lloviendo”? That is the present progressive form of the verb. That is the present progressive form of the verb. It is used to express verbs that end in –ing in English. It is used to express verbs that end in –ing in English. It emphasizes that the action is currently taking place. It emphasizes that the action is currently taking place. llover = to rain llueve-

14 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE When we conjugate –AR, -ER, -IR verbs) we are conjugating them in the present tense. When we conjugate –AR, -ER, -IR verbs) we are conjugating them in the present tense. In Spanish, these conjugations can mean two things. For example, “bailo” means… In Spanish, these conjugations can mean two things. For example, “bailo” means… I dance I dance I am dancing I am dancing We use the present progressive form to really emphasize the present unfolding of something happening. We use the present progressive form to really emphasize the present unfolding of something happening. bailar = to dance bailobailamos bailasbailáis bailabailan

15 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE So how do we make it ourselves? So how do we make it ourselves? For AR verbs: For AR verbs: estar + verb stem(ando) estar + verb stem(ando) estoy caminando (from the verb caminar) estoy caminando (from the verb caminar) For ER and IR verbs: For ER and IR verbs: estar + verb stem(iendo) estar + verb stem(iendo) estoy escribiendo (from the verb escribir) estoy escribiendo (from the verb escribir) This is not on the test!!! This is not on the test!!! We will learn this formally towards the end of the semester We will learn this formally towards the end of the semester -AR verbs-ER & -IR verbs -ando-iendo

16 TELLING TIME We know how to say “It is 1pm” or “It is ten to 8”, etc. We know how to say “It is 1pm” or “It is ten to 8”, etc. But we struggle with expressing at what time things happen. But we struggle with expressing at what time things happen. When does the party start? When does the party start? At 6. At 6. ¿Cuándo empieza la fiesta? ¿Cuándo empieza la fiesta? A las 6. A las 6.

17 PREPOSITIONS Prepostions always use the verb estar. Anybody know why? Prepostions always use the verb estar. Anybody know why? “How you feel and where you are, always use the verb estar.” “How you feel and where you are, always use the verb estar.” Some prepositions have “de”, some don’t. You need to memorize which ones do or don’t. Some prepositions have “de”, some don’t. You need to memorize which ones do or don’t. detras de, enfrente de, al lado de, debajo de detras de, enfrente de, al lado de, debajo de sobre, entre sobre, entre (Hint: most do… only sobre and entre don’t.) (Hint: most do… only sobre and entre don’t.)

18 NOUNS AND ARTICLES (AND PRONUNCIATION) How do we say “six CDs” in Spanish? How do we say “six CDs” in Spanish? Before you answer, think about the Spanish alphabet… Before you answer, think about the Spanish alphabet… How do we talk about more than one pencil? Un lápiz  los lápices How do we talk about more than one pencil? Un lápiz  los lápices The z turns into “ces “ The z turns into “ces “ This pattern happens with most nouns that end in z This pattern happens with most nouns that end in z How do you pronounce “euros” in Spanish? How do you pronounce “euros” in Spanish? Remember, preserve each vowel sound… it’s hard!! Remember, preserve each vowel sound… it’s hard!!

19 NOUN AND ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT La clase de ciencias es muy (aburrido / aburridos / aburrida / aburridas)? La clase de ciencias es muy (aburrido / aburridos / aburrida / aburridas)? Which one? Which one? What are we talking about? What is boring? (What’s the noun that the adjective is modifying?) What are we talking about? What is boring? (What’s the noun that the adjective is modifying?) Yo soy el profesor / la profesora simpático / simpática. Yo soy el profesor / la profesora simpático / simpática. Which noun would we use? Which adjective? Why? Which noun would we use? Which adjective? Why?

20 DAYS OF THE WEEK When you want to express that you have whatever to do on (whatever day) use the following construction: When you want to express that you have whatever to do on (whatever day) use the following construction: I have class on Mondays  Tengo clase los lunes I have class on Mondays  Tengo clase los lunes I work Tuesdays  Trabajo los lunes I work Tuesdays  Trabajo los lunes Just use the plural form and a definite article. Super easy! Just use the plural form and a definite article. Super easy!

21 AGE In Spanish, we possess our years. In Spanish, we possess our years. We don’t say “I am twenty-three”. We talk about how many years we possess. We don’t say “I am twenty-three”. We talk about how many years we possess. Tengo veintitrés años. Tengo veintitrés años. Tengo dos años. Tengo dos años. (How poetic!) (How poetic!) The verb “to have” is irregular in the “yo” form, and the stem changes spelling in other forms. Unfortunately, you just need to memorize these conjugations. The verb “to have” is irregular in the “yo” form, and the stem changes spelling in other forms. Unfortunately, you just need to memorize these conjugations. This type of irregular verb is sometimes called a “boot verb” because the irregularities draw the shape of a boot in the conjugation chart. This type of irregular verb is sometimes called a “boot verb” because the irregularities draw the shape of a boot in the conjugation chart. Make sure you don’t forget the accent mark on the “n” in “años”! Make sure you don’t forget the accent mark on the “n” in “años”! tener = to have tengotenemos tienestenéis tienetienen

22 ACCENT MARKS You just need to memorize which words have accents, and where You just need to memorize which words have accents, and where Sometimes, you can say the word and hear the stress that the accent demands Sometimes, you can say the word and hear the stress that the accent demands esta vs está esta vs está Sometimes, missing an accent mark completely changes the word!!! Sometimes, missing an accent mark completely changes the word!!! Mi papa tiene 50 anos Mi papa tiene 50 anos Mi papá tiene 50 años Mi papá tiene 50 años

23 LA TAREA miércoles (2/11) miércoles (2/11) 5 items due. A video and activities about the video 5 items due. A video and activities about the video jueves (2/12) jueves (2/12) 1 item due. A voice recording about your hypothetical schedule 1 item due. A voice recording about your hypothetical schedule viernes (2/13 viernes (2/13 21 items due. About using adjectives to describe people 21 items due. About using adjectives to describe people lunes (2/16) lunes (2/16) 9 items due. About talking about where you’re from, and our origins (nationalities). 9 items due. About talking about where you’re from, and our origins (nationalities).


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