Presentation on theme: "Subject Pronouns in Spanish"— Presentation transcript:
1 Subject Pronouns in Spanish Los pronombresLos pronombresTo understand the timing and flow of this PowerPoint It is advisable that the instructor view it prior to sharing it with students. Some slides are long and somewhat complex and need to be given time to play out completely.
2 Pronoun: A word that takes the place of a noun. Examples:Mike is reading the book.He is reading the book.Alicia skates well.She skates well.The team plays football.They play football.
3 A subject pronoun is simply a word that functions as the subject of a sentence – who or what the sentence is about.Examples:Weare going to the beach.On this slide I have chosen to use English examples only simply because I want students to be able to see and understand which word is the subject pronoun.Itis an exciting game.Theyseem to be nice.
4 That”s it…That’s all there is to drawing a verb tree! Subject pronouns are frequently organized into a chart called averb tree.(Watch…we’ll draw one.)That”s it…That’s all there is to drawing a verb tree!Why “wimpy”? It’s simply a tag to get the attention of middle school students…and it works.
5 ¡MUY IMPORTANTE!Spanish has 9 subject pronouns and 3 of them mean in English.YOUSo, with 3 words that mean YOU, it’s very important to learn them and when they’re used since they’re not interchangeable.
6 1Three ways to say YOU… here’s numberTú is singular, called the informal form, and is used when speaking to a friend, a family member or someone your age or younger – anyone you call by their first name.The next three slides are easily adapted if you have your own way of teaching the differences between these three pronouns.
7 2Three ways to say YOU… here’s numberUsted is singular, called the formal form, and is used when speaking to an older stranger, someone older or someone you don’t call by their first name .
8 3Three ways to say YOU… here’s numberUstedes is plural, and is used when speaking to a more than one person, somewhat like using “y’all” in the southern part of the United States, or “you guys”.
9 Try and remember how the word is used, before the answer appears. A quick review…Try and remember how the word is used,before the answer appears.Túmeans you when you talking to one person, a friend or a family member.Ustedmeans you when talking to an older person you don’t call by their first name.UstedesMeans you when talking to more than one person.
10 FINALLY! Here are the Spanish subject pronouns yomeans Inosotrosmeans wetúmeans youélmeans heellosmeans theyellameans sheellasmeans theyustedmeans youustedesmeans youAnd, remember the verb “tree” we drew?That’s how they all fit into the verb tree.
11 Oops! Two things to explain: First, thisnosotrosmeans weGirls, in a girls only group, use Notice the –as on the end. If it’s a mixed group – boys and girls together, use the nosotros form, with the –os ending.nosotrasAnd, thisellosmeans theyellasmeans theyThere are 2 Spanish words for they – ellos when talkingabout guys and ellas when talking about girls. With both boys and girls in the group you must use ellos.
12 Guess what these pronouns mean before the answer is given. ?How much do yourememberGuess what these pronouns mean before the answer is given.yoItúyou - informalélheellasheustedyou - formalnosotros/asweThe timing on the following slides is adaptable, should you wish to increase (or decrease) the time before the answers fly in. Simply go to the Custom Animation window under Slide Show.ellosthey – only guys or a mixed groupellasthey – a group of girlsustedesyou - pluralHow did you do?
13 ¿ ? How much do you remember Which subject pronoun would you use if you were speaking to the following people:tú, usted, or ustedes?La profesora de arteustedTu papátúLos amigosustedesLa Señora PerezustedUn estudiantetú
14 ¿ ? How much do you remember Which subject pronoun would you use if you wanted to speak about…The PresidentélAliciaellaMiguel y BetoellosYou and your friendNosotros or nosotrasThe girlsellas
15 Your assignment yo I tú you – informal, for family & friends él he Make 9 flash cards, Spanish on one side and English on the other. Review them frequently until you know what they mean by heart.yoItúyou – informal, for family & friendsélheellasheustedyou – formal, respectful, strangersnosotros/asweellosthey – only guys, or a mixed groupellasthey – group of girlsustedesYou – plural, “y’all” or “you guys”Remember: “you” words are for talking to people,the rest are for talking about people.