4Wellness, Fitness, and Your Health The two main goals of wellness are to keep you healthy and to help prevent disease and illness.4
5Wellness, Fitness, and Your Health Benefits of fitness include:increased energy.confidence and self-esteem.healthy weight.ability to better handle stress.better sleep.increased stamina.fitnessThe ability to handle daily events in a healthy way.staminaThe ability to focus on or perform a single activity for a long time.
6Exercise and Physical Activity Physical activity is important to maintaining a healthy body weight.Physical activity helps burn calories.Aerobic activities help improve circulation.aerobicContinuous, rhythmic activities that improve heart and lung efficiency.6
7Exercise and Physical Activity Flexibility is the ability to kneel, bend, turn, and throw.Physical activity helps to control your appetite.Be more active by walking, skating, biking, using the stairs, dancing, and doing chores.7
8Exercise and Physical Activity Describe four different ways to develop an exercise routine.OptionDescriptionOrganized exerciseJoin a team or organize your friends for a regular game, such as volleyball, baseball, or soccer.Use hand weights or machine weights to build muscle and bone density; use cardio machines for aerobic exercise.Indoor exerciseFind an activity you can do outdoors, such as walking, swimming, skating, or biking.Outdoor exerciseTry exercises that require little or no equipment, such as sit-ups, jump rope, martial arts, or yoga.Exercise anywhere
9Section 20.2 Body Weight and Health The best way to maintain a healthy body weight is to balance nutritious meals with physical activity.
11Healthy Body WeightA healthy body weight is not overweight or underweight.Being overweight can lead to obesity.Being underweight is unhealthy due to lack of nutrients.obesityA condition in which a person’s weight is 20 percent or more above his or her healthy weight.11
12Healthy and Unhealthy Weight Loss Balance food calories with energy calories.Avoid fasting, diet pills, and liquid-only diets.Fad diets are nutritionally unbalanced and harmful.Do not use steroids for body building.fastTo stop eating.fad dietA diet which promises quick weight loss through unrealistic or unhealthful means.12
13Eating DisordersEating disorders are psychological problems related to food.Both males and females can suffer from eating disorders.eating disorderAn extreme eating behavior that can lead to depression, anxiety, and even death.
14Eating Disorders Describe three common eating disorders. Disorder DescriptionAnorexia NervosaA person feels an extreme fear of gaining weight and severely limits eating.A person eats very large amounts of food, then vomits or uses laxatives to get rid of the eaten food.Bulimia NervosaA person eats large quantities of food at one time.Binge Eating
15Take Care of YourselfGet counseling for eating disorders, and educate yourself.Do not compare yourself to others.Follow a healthful meal plan and participate in regular physical activity to look and feel your best.Healthful living can improve your attitude.
16Chapter Summary Section 20.1 Physical Activity Wellness is taking positive steps toward your good health.When you are physically fit, you look and feel your best.Fitness is the ability to handle daily events in a healthy way.By exercising regularly you can enjoy all the benefits of fitness.Physical activity is necessary if you want to reach and maintain a healthy body weight.There are many activities you can add to your daily routine to get more movement.16
17Chapter Summary Section 20.2 Body Weight and Health People who maintain a healthy body weight are neither overweight nor underweight.Balance the calories you eat with the calories you use.The most sensible and healthy way to control your weight is to combine a nutritious meal plan with physical activity.Some people develop eating disorders that can lead to depression, anxiety, disease, and even death.Work to maintain a positive attitude about yourself and your life.17
18ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
19The ability to handle daily events in a healthy way. fitnessestado de saludThe ability to handle daily events in a healthy way.La capacidad para manejar acontecimientos diarios de una manera saludable.Show Definition
20The ability to focus on or perform a single activity for a long time. staminaresistenciaThe ability to focus on or perform a single activity for a long time.La capacidad de concentrarse o realizar una sola actividad por mucho tiempo.Show Definition
21aerobicaeróbicoContinuous, rhythmic activities that improve heart and lung efficiency.Actividades rítmicas continuas que mejoran la capacidad del corazón y los pulmones.Show Definition
22obesityobesidadA condition in which a person’s weight is 20 percent or more above his or her healthy weight.Una condición en la que el peso de una persona está 20 por ciento o más por encima de su peso saludable.Show Definition
23fad dietdieta de modaA diet which promises quick weight loss through unrealistic or unhealthful means.Dieta que promete una pérdida de peso rápida a través de medios poco realistas o insalubres.Show Definition
24trastornos alimentarios eating disordertrastornos alimentariosAn extreme eating behavior that can lead to depression, anxiety, and even death.Conducta alimentaria extrema que puede conducir a la depresión, la ansiedad e incluso la muerte.Show Definition
25anorexia nervosa anorexia nerviosa An eating disorder in which a person feels an extreme fear of gaining weight and severely limits eating.Trastorno alimentario en el cual la persona tiene mucho miedo de ganar peso y limita rigurosamente lo que come.Show Definition
26bulimia nervosa bulimia nerviosa An eating disorder in which a person eats very large amounts of food and then vomits or uses laxatives to get rid of the eaten food.Trastorno alimentario en el cual la persona come grandes cantidades y luego vomita o usa laxantes para deshacerse de los alimentos ingeridos.Show Definition
27trastorno alimentario compulsivo binge eatingtrastorno alimentario compulsivoAn eating disorder in which a person eats large quantities of food at one time.Trastorno alimentario en el cual la persona come grandes cantidades de comida a la vez.Show Definition
28To gain or attain usually by planned action or effort; to reach. obtainobtenerTo gain or attain usually by planned action or effort; to reach.Ganar o lograr algo, normalmente por medio de acción o esfuerzo; alcanzar.Show Definition
29The body’s ability to kneel, bend, turn, and throw. flexibleflexibleThe body’s ability to kneel, bend, turn, and throw.La capacidad del cuerpo para ponerse de rodillas, doblarse, girar y lanzar.Show Definition
30To make use of for a specific purpose; utilize. expendgastarTo make use of for a specific purpose; utilize.Hacer uso de algo para un fin específico; utilizar.Show Definition
31fastayunarTo stop eating.Dejar de comer.Show Definition