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Presentation on theme: "MARY FRANCES CHARLTON LEGAL AID JUSTICE CENTER The Affordable Care Act in Virginia."— Presentation transcript:


2 Overview

3 Affordable Care Act, aka “Obamacare” Goals  Affordable Insurance Coverage  Private Insurance Reform  Better Health Delivery System

4 Eligibility Guidelines & Enrollment Process

5 Health Insurance Marketplace Federally Facilitated Marketplace (FFM) To compare / purchase private health insurance  Qualified Health Plans (QHPs)  Premium Tax Credits only available with FFM plans Also available to small employers  Fewer than 50 “full time equivalent” employees  Small Business Health Options Program “SHOP”

6 Open Enrollment November 15, 2014-February 15, 2015 If enrolled by December 15, coverage can begin January 1, 2015 “Special Enrollment” after February 15 to enroll/change plan  Loss of other coverage (except for non-payment, rescission)  Birth, adoption, marriage  Change in immigration status  Error by FFM  Other exceptional circumstances Note: Medicaid/FAMIS applications accepted & processed all year

7 Eligibility for Premium Tax Credits Marketplace eligibility requires you to: Live in its service area Be a US citizen or national, or be a non-citizen who is lawfully present in the US for the entire time coverage is sought.  Exception: DACA recipients not eligible. Not be incarcerated  Can apply for Marketplace if pending disposition of charge  Can apply for Medicaid/CHIP at any time Not have access to affordable and adequate insurance

8 The ACA and Imigration Those lawfully present for the year they seek coverage (i.e. for this enrollment period those present 1/1/14 - 12/31/14) can access and benefit on the Marketplace.  Exception: DACA Undocumented persons cannot. Those who have been present <5 years may be precluded from accessing Medicaid/Medicare and are therefore eligible. Note: Unlawful presence is an exception to penalties under the mandate, but often other exceptions will apply and can be claimed instead.

9 What do we mean by “access to affordable and adequate insurance?” Not receiving or eligible for “minimum essential coverage”:  Medicaid, FAMIS, Medicare  “Affordable & Adequate ” job-based coverage Job-based coverage is not affordable/adequate if employee-only plan:  costs ↑ 9.5% family income; or  covers ↓ 60% costs

10 Basic Eligibility for Marketplace Insurance with Premium Tax Credits Income between 100%-400% federal poverty line  Most under 100% FPL will fall into Virginia’s Medicaid GAP until expansion. Family Size 100% FPL400% FPL 1$11,670$46,680 2$15,730$62,920 3$19,790$79,160 4$23,850$95,400

11 Insurance Marketplace: Tax Credits Reduce Premium Costs Financial assistance (tax credits) Based on family’s income and cost of the 2 nd lowest cost silver plan. Maximum contribution towards premium Income Level (FPL) Contribution From Income Up to 133%2% 133 - 150%3 – 4% 150 - 200%4 – 6.3% 200 - 250%6.3 – 8.05% 250 - 300%8.05 – 9.5% 300 - 400%9.5%

12 Premium Tax Credit Example John is 32-year old single male Annual Income of$17, 200/year (150% FPL) Maximum Contribution4% Income = $688/ yr Cost of 2 nd lowest Silver Plan$4,000 ($333.33/mo.) Subtract Contribution- $688 Annual Federal Tax Credit $3,312 John pays $ 57.33/mo Tax Credit $276.00/mo (goes to QHP)

13 Information needed to apply Availability of employer-based coverage Identity of applications  Name and contact information  Social Security Number  Immigration status Household Size  Using tax code principles & expected income in 2014 Countable income  Using tax code principles & expected income in 2014 Databases will verify information  Paper document as last resort

14 Using the Tax Credits Can use same tax credit for other tier plans Tax credit is fully “refundable” with tax return (even if no taxes owed) Or you can receive credit (or partial credit) in advance to help pay monthly premiums.  Must report changes in income / family size to adjust during year  “Reconciliation” at tax time Subsidy Calculator - calculator/ calculator/

15 Application and Eligibility

16 What to Consider When Choosing a Plan

17 Qualified Health Plans (QHPs) Covered Services Standardized coverage - “Essential Health Benefits” (EHB) 1.Ambulatory patient services 2.Emergency services 3.Hospitalization 4.Maternity & newborn care 5.Mental health & substance use disorder services, including behavioral health treatment 6.Prescription drugs 7.Rehabilitative & habilitative services & devices 8.Laboratory services 9.Preventive & wellness services & chronic disease management, & 10.Pediatric services, including oral & vision care

18 QHPs Grouped by “Value” Premium Rates & Cost-sharing establish “actuarial value” (AV) of each plan :  4 Tiers of Coverage Bronze – 60% AV - low overall coverage, lower premiums but higher out-of-pocket costs Silver – 70% AV Gold – 80% AV Platinum – 90% AV - best coverage, highest premiums None in VA  Catastrophic coverage for people under age 30  Very high deductible

19 Limits on Out-Of-Pocket Costs for Low Income People Special cost-sharing protections for those with income under 250% FPL Only applies if Silver Plan is purchased  Effectively increases Actuarial Value of Silver Plan to:  94% AV (income 100%-150% FPL)  87% AV (income 150%-200% FPL)  73% AV (income 200%-250% FPL)

20 Other Limits on Out-Of-Pocket Costs Overall limits on total cost-sharing for Essential Health Benefits. Tied to out-of-pocket limits for Health Savings Accounts. Plans now must have out of pocket maximums that reflect the MOST an individual/family can be charged for out of pocket costs in a plan year.

21 Minimum Coverage Requirements Tax Penalties Individual / Family penalty is much less than cost of insurance. Penalty is the greater of:  2014 - $95 /adult + $47.50 /child (up to $285) or 1% family income*  2015 - $325/adult + $165.50/child (up to $975) or 2% family income*  2016 - $695/adult + $347.50/child (up to $2085) or 2.5% family income* Large Employer Penalty in 2015 if affordable coverage not offered. [*Income is amount over tax filing threshold]

22 If you signed up for a plan in 2013-2014 Open Enrollment… To continue health coverage in 2015, you can renew your current health plan or choose a new health plan through the Marketplace during the 2015 Open Enrollment period. Your insurance company will send you information this Fall about updated premiums and benefits. If you’re happy with your current plan and want to keep it--and your income or household size haven’t changed - you don’t need to do anything. The Marketplace will auto- enroll you in the same plan for 2015.

23 If you signed up for a plan in 2013-2014 Open Enrollment…(continued) If you want to change plans, you can:  Choose any other Marketplace health plan your company offers in your service area if you want to stay with your current insurance company.  Choose a new health plan from a different insurance company through the Marketplace.  Buy a new private health plan outside of the Marketplace. If you do this, you won’t be eligible for premium tax credits and cost-sharing reductions offered through the Marketplacepremium tax credits cost-sharing reductions

24 Questions? ENROLL Virginia! is a nonprofit, nonpartisan entity that assists individuals and small businesses to obtain health insurance including commercial health coverage through the federally facilitated health insurance marketplace, to qualify for applicable tax subsidies, and to comply with the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and avoid penalties for failure to do so. The program is paid for by a federal grant (Funding Opportunity Number CA-NAV-13-001 from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services) and administered by the Virginia Poverty Law Center. The contents provided here are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of HHS or any of its agencies.

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