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The French Monarchy Chapter 19:iii
France was divided between Catholic and Huguenot- dominated areas by the late-1500s.
THE CROSS OF LANGUEDOC
Wars of Religion 1562-98 fighting between Protestant and Catholic nobles plunged France into chaos -royal power melted away Huguenots sought help from English, Dutch, and German Protestants
The French Huguenots were led by Admiral Gaspard de Coligny.
Catherine de’ Medici, the queen mother, used ruthless tactics, often playing the Catholics off against the Huguenots.
Thousands of Huguenots were massacred when they went to Paris to celebrate the marriage of Henry of Navarre to Catherine’s daughter.
Catherine de’ Medici is often credited with organizing the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre.
Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny was one of the victims slaughtered on St. Bartholomew’s Day.
Henry IV “Paris is well worth a Mass.”
Edict of Nantes 1598 freedom of worship right to set-up churches civil rights equal to those of Catholics 100 fortified towns protected by Protestant troops
Henry IV (1553-1610) revived royal authority developed a strong army oversaw justice repaired roads encouraged new businesses
French nobles tried to reassert their influence early in Louis XIII’s reign. In 1614, they forced him to call the Estates General.
The Estates General did not meet for another 175 years. French monarchs gained absolute power over the government as a result.
Cardinal Richelieu increased the power and prestige of the French monarchy.
Cardinal Richelieu was a mercantilist, believing that trade would strengthen the monarchy.
Cardinal Richelieu promoted commerce by encouraging nobles to support overseas trading companies.
When Louis XIII died in 1643, his wife, Anne of Austria, served as regent for their four year old son Louis XIV.
While serving as regent for the young Louis XIV, Cardinal Mazarin continued Richelieu’s policy of centralizing power.
Louis XIV believed it was his divine right to rule as an absolute monarch. “L’etat, c’est moi.”
Louis XIV’s motto: “ None his equal.”
Louis XIV reorganized the army, gave it uniforms and assigned ranks, and increased the size to 400,000.
Louis XIV appointed Intendants, or royal agents, to rule the provinces.
E d i c t o f N a n t e s Cancelled!
What was Louis Thinking? Believed Huguenots threatened his absolute monarchy. Many were military and business leaders As a result many Huguenots emigrated to the Netherlands, England, and England’s American colonies.
Hall of Mirrors
Louis XIV encouraged the French nobles to live at Versailles so he could keep an eye on them.
European rulers modeled their governments on the absolute monarchy of Louis XIV.
People adopted French manners and fashions in clothing and art.
Louis XIV’s finance minister, Jean Baptiste Colbert reformed the system for collecting taxes and introduced higher taxes.
Colbert Continued mercantilist policies of Cardinal Richelieu to promote trade and industry
Wars of Louis XIV: War of Spanish Succession
France Under Louis XIV Chapter 4 Section 2 Objectives:
Répand Comme Une Flamme Sauvage
Chapter 5 Section 2 The Reign of Louis XIV.
ABSOLUTISM & THE ENLIGHTENMENT
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution
Due Now – Part I Why is the French Revolution so important? 1.First major political change besides the American Revolution 2.First successful “people’s.
Absolutism in France. Catholics fought Protestants St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Eye witness account Internet Resource Eye witness accountInternet Resource.
The Reign of Louis XIV. Religious Wars and Power Struggles Between 1652 and 1598, Huguenots (French Protestants) & Catholics fought 8 religious wars In.
FRANCE Absolutism. Henry IV ( ) In the late 16 th century, France fought internal religious wars between the Huguenots (French Calvinists) and.
France’s Absolute Monarchy CH 16 section 2. Religious Wars in France In the early 1500’s French Kings were Roman Catholic (supported by absolutists) In.
The Reign of Louis XIV. Religious Wars and Power Struggles Between 1552 and 1598, Huguenots (French Protestants) and Catholics fought eight religious.
FRENCH ABSOLUTISM THE REIGN OF LOUIS XIV. RELIGIOUS TURMOIL IN FRANCE Catholics and Huguenots (French Protestants) fought 8 religious wars;
The Reign of Louis XIV The French Wars of Religion France in 1560 experienced militant religious civil wars Catholicism versus Protestantism – Catholics.
Mr. Beck World History. Would you submit to a ruler with absolute power if it meant your country being strong and wealthy?
French Monarchy French leadership during the 1500’s and beyond This is like a lesson of French Monarchy for Dummies.
Chapter 18 Section 2. Huguenot Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Henry IV Edict of Nantes Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIV War of.
Outcome: Absolutism & Absolute Monarchs Constructive Response Questions 1. Describe what an absolute monarch is and provide two examples:
Wife of Henry II, Queen of France
France. Absolutism Absolute Monarchs were kings and queens who held all power within the boundaries of their country. Divine Right of Kings: God created.
The Reign of Louis XIV The Sun King. After a century of war and riots, France was ruled by Louis XIV, the most powerful monarch of his time.
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