Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Egypt – The Nile River Valley

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Egypt – The Nile River Valley"— Presentation transcript:

1 Egypt – The Nile River Valley
Civilization developed in a river valley with fertile soil Nile is the world’s longest river Nile river begins in East Africa and flows 3,500 miles north towards the Mediterranean Sea

2 Egypt – The Nile River Valley
Nile has two main sources White Nile flows from Lake Victoria Blue Nile flows from modern-day Ethiopia The two rivers meet in present day Sudan (before known as Nubia or Kush) Nile flows through the Sahara Desert Sahara is the largest desert in the world Nile was difficult to travel by ship Contained cataracts, or rocky rapids

3 Upper and Lower Egypt Southern Egypt Narrow Valley lined with cliffs
Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Southern Egypt Narrow Valley lined with cliffs Cataracts Upstream from Mediterranean Sea Northern Egypt River here is slower River carries silt, mineral particles that make soil fertile Contains river delta, an area of sediment deposited at the mouth of the river

4 Black and Red Land Vast deserts on the sides of Black Land
Black Land (Kemet) Red Land Narrow strip of dark, fertile soil around banks of the Nile river Positive: Yearly flooding left behind a layer of rich, fertile soil Negative: Floods were unpredictable (natural disasters) and droughts (shortage of water) made crops fail. Vast deserts on the sides of Black Land Deadly place of hot, burning sands.

5 A Civilization Develops
7,000 years ago: People start growing grains around Nile river Irrigation system produced food surplus Farmers’ surplus crops were collected as taxes Local rulers used surplus to buy cloth, jewelry, and luxury goods Farmers’ surplus supported full-time artisans, who had time to perfect their skills Cities brought together wealthy and skilled people. Why could some Egyptians take jobs other than farming?

6 Egypt is in the continent of Africa.
Can you find Egypt?

7 The desert surrounded Egypt on the West, East, and South.
Up North, the Mediterranean Sea protected them. Egypt was allowed to evolve in its own way.

8 What is the name of the hot, dry and sandy land that covers most of Egypt?

9 Egyptian Religion Believed Gods controlled everything
Ex. Flooding of the Nile river Ex. Death of a child Egyptians built temples and offered prayers and gifts Early Egyptians were polytheists (hundreds) Many Gods associated with animals

10 Osiris King of the afterlife
Symbolized the yearly drought and flooding of the Nile. Gave Egypt civilization. Married his sister, Isis Conspirators killed him by chopping him up into pieces Isis, his wife, found the pieces and put him back together

11 Ra / Re / Amun-Ra King of the Gods Sun god, King of the Gods.
Hawk head with solar disk on top. Sometimes seen as the creator of men (Egyptians called themselves "the cattle of Ra”) Made daily journey across the sky Died in the West each night and was reborn in the East the next day. How could the movement of the Sun affect the beliefs of early Egyptians?

12 Horus Falcon headed The Pharaoh was his earthly embodiment.
Son of Osiris and Isis Seth, his brother, is always trying to hurt him His sons take care of the organs during the mummification process

13 Isis Isis was the sister/wife of Osiris
May be one of the judges of the dead Has magical powers The purest example of the loving wife and mother

14 Anubis Head of a jackal Guides the dead to the underworld and weighs their heart (bad deeds make your heart weigh more) Works with Osiris in the underworld Mummification god

15 Ammut “Eater of the Dead”
She stands by the scales of the hearts and eats the hearts of the wicked Head of a crocodile, body of a leopard, hind legs of a hippo

16 Thoth Moon God Scribe (records the weight of the hearts in the underworld) Invented writing

17 Bast Cat-headed Goddess of love and childbirth
Cats are sacred (many cats were mummified in her honor)

18 Bes Protector of households, mothers, children, and childbirth
Later regarded as defender of everything good Images were kept in homes Tasks: killing snakes, fighting off evil spirits, aiding women in labor, protect soldiers before battle

19 Sekhmet Lion headed Breathes fire against her enemies
Her breath created the desert Delivers punishment to the gods Protector of pharaohs and leader in war

20 PowerPoint – Day 12

Download ppt "Egypt – The Nile River Valley"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google