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ACCELERATOR DIVISION WASTE GENERATOR’S TRAINING  Responsibilities  Waste Characterization  Container Labeling  SAA Requirements REVISED 06/03/2010.

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Presentation on theme: "ACCELERATOR DIVISION WASTE GENERATOR’S TRAINING  Responsibilities  Waste Characterization  Container Labeling  SAA Requirements REVISED 06/03/2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACCELERATOR DIVISION WASTE GENERATOR’S TRAINING  Responsibilities  Waste Characterization  Container Labeling  SAA Requirements REVISED 06/03/2010 1

2 TRAINING IS FOR YOU Generate a regulated waste Assist in the generation of a regulated waste; Add a regulated waste to container; Inspect SAA Engage in activities that involve exposure to, or management of a regulated waste

3 3 Chemical Waste Contacts Sylvia Wilson, AD/Waste Coordinator (WC) Ext. 4489 or Pager #s: 0614/ 630-218-3268 Barry Fritz, alternate WC Ext. 2230 or Pager # 0125

4 4 Rad Waste Contact Tony Busch, AD/Rad WC Ext. 6527 or Pager #s: 0250/ 630-722-3856

5 5 Waste Generator’s Responsibility Characterize, package, label and store waste properly; Complete appropriate waste forms; Make every effort to reduce the amount of waste generated (substitute with a less hazardous material, reuse materials, recycle chemicals) And whenever in doubt, seek the advice of a WC

6 6 Waste Coordinator’s Responsibility Provide guidance and training; Review and approve Chemical Waste Pickup Request Forms; Conduct and document waste inspections. In the AD, inspections are conducted quarterly

7 AD/RESOURCES MSDS Binders (located in AD areas where chemicals are used) 7

8 8  AD/RESOURCES ADSP-08-0202 Regulated Waste Management Chemical Inventory Database * *Must have network access to Beamssrv1\esh.bd\public and Filemaker Pro version 7.0

9 9 10-2009 Chemical Inventory Database e.g. Ethanol Chemicals and information Manufacturer’s Info. Name, Telephone

10 10 Chemical Database continuation Waste Codes (EPA) H/D001 (ignitable) Chemical location Flammable cabinet, corrosive cabinet, chemical cabinet other

11 11 Waste Characterization IS IT A WASTE? Some items are reusable. Reusable labels shall be used for identifying these items (e.g. ethanol). DON’T USE WASTE LABELS.

12 REUSABLE 12

13 13 1. RADIOACTIVE? Did it come from a radiation area? If so, the material may be a radioactive or mixed waste. Items must be surveyed Note: only certain chemicals are approved to be used in rad areas (i.e., KPC 820N). For assistance, contact a Radiological Technician.

14 14 2. TRASHABLE no chemicals/ liquids Regular garbage and shop trash Empty containers rendered unusable *(carboys, poly and fiberboard drums) – remove the cap or cut the container in half so it can’t be reused for draining fluids from vehicles or motor equipment

15 15 TRASHABLE BROKEN WOODEN PALLETS may only go into a 20 yd 3 dumpster. Contact Sue Populorum @ X-3876. Contact Larry Rodriguez (BS) @ X-4225 to have pallets picked up from your location.

16 16 3. RECYCLABLE? free liquid Electronic components (printed circuit boards, ballasts ), wire, empty cans, toxic metals, i.e., lead and silver solders, etc.

17 17 3. RECYCLABLE? Electronic ballasts Remove the NiCd battery* prior to recycling *RECYCLE AS UW

18 18 Lead and Silver Solder Hand soldering is common - assembly and repair of electronic parts. Best way to manage solder is to use it up completely; however, this doesn’t always happen.

19 19 Lead and Silver Solder RECYCLABLE Disposal as regular trash is PROHIBITED

20 20 Lead and Silver Solder RECYCLABLE The Silver and lead concentration from waste (drippings) generated from soldering operations is too high & therefore will fail EPA’s toxic limit (5mg/L)

21 21 3. RECYCLABLE? When solder waste is recycled, hazardous waste classification may be avoided

22 22 RECYCLING PROCEDURES for LEAD or SILVER Recyclable Container must have a lid (e.g., coffee can or poly bottle) Container must be marked Recyclable Lead or Silver Solder

23 23 LEAD [Ag] SOLDER PROCEDURES Recyclable Lead and silver solder must be segregated Container shall remain closed unless adding or removing solder When full, secure lid to container (tape)

24 24 LEAD [Ag] SOLDER PROCEDURES Recyclable 2OPTIONS (pickup) Contact Mike Frett (Mechanical Dept.) or AD/WC to utilize scrap metal bins (X/Gallery) Or complete a Material Move Request Form to have it picked up from your location

25 25 Paint Cans Recyclable Empty aerosol/paint cans Only water based paint, with a minimum volume of liquid left in the metal can, may be left open to air dry before recycling the can. Note: Oil dry or kitty litter can also be used to absorb any liquid

26 26 Oil Based Paints However, containers with leftover oil based paint must be processed as “hazardous waste” and can’t be left- open to air dry.

27 27 AD X/Gallery High Bay (AD common collection site) (RECYCLABLE MAT’LS)

28 28 9/1/2010 Use Appropriate Container for Recyclable Materials 1. Unusable and Empty spray paints only 2. Empty metal cans  2 gallon.

29 29 Rev. 10/09 RECYCLABLE EMPTY PESTICIDE AEROSOL CANS ONLY

30 3. RECYCLABLE Alkaline Batteries 9 Volt (tape positive terminals to prevent fire or sparking) Carbon Zinc or Manganese Nickel Oxy Hydroxide 30

31 3. RECYCLABLE use battery recycling containers in your areas. Location: X/Gallery Hi-Bay (common site) Managed by the AD/WC 31

32 32 RECYCLABLE MATERIALS FERMI’s Recyclable Program is intended only for materials generated @ the lab. HOUSEHOLD WASTE (HHW) shall remain @ home. Individuals should continue to use: County Waste Program (curbside recycling and HHW days)

33 33 *staff reduction RECYCLING (HOUSEHOLD) HHW drop off facility Location: Naperville Fire Station #4 (rear of station) Corner of Rt. 59 & Brookdale (1/2 mile south of I-88) Hours*: 9 a.m. To 2 p.m Saturdays and Sundays Website: www.naperville.il.us Department of Public Works Tel. #: 630-420-4190,

34 34 Naperville ACCEPTABLE: Auto fluids (oil, gas, anti-freeze) Batteries Household cleaners, drain openers Fertilizer Flammables Herbicides, insecticides Fluorescent bulbs, CFL Mercury Mineral spirits, strippers, solvents Paints and stains (oil and alkyd) Prescription medications Propane tanks (  20 lbs) Thermostats Unknown hazardous substances NON-ACCEPTABLE: Explosives, Ammunition Radioactive materials Compressed gas (other than propane Electronics Empty paint cans and containers Latex Paints Sharps Smoke Detectors Tires Trash and non-hazardous materials Unopened, useable consumer

35 35 4. Is it HAZARDOUS? Does it exhibit one or more of these characteristic? 40 CFR 261

36 36 IGNITABLE Waste Code: D001 CFR 261.21  Flash point < 140°F  Not a liquid, but capable of causing a fire by friction, absorption of moisture or spontaneous chemical changes

37 37 IGNITABLE D001  Ignitable compressed gas  Oxidizer (49CFR173.151)

38 38 Ignitable Examples Petroleum based paints Usually Alcohols and solvents Ethyl alcohol (flash p = 55°F)

39 39 CORROSIVE Waste Code: D002 CFR 261.22  Aqueous and pH  2 or  12.5  Liquid and corrodes steel @ rate > ¼”/year @ test temperature of 130°F RYDLYME (< or =1) COPPERBRITE

40 40 CORROSIVE (AD Incident) Lessons Learned Incident: Feb. 16, 2006 Involved: Mislabeled/Mischaracterized 55 gallon drum of liquid Waste Stream: descaling operation. What Happened? Generator used pH paper to check the pH. Results = 3 Drum of liquid was labeled SPECIAL WASTE and submitted to the Waste Coordinator for approval.

41 41 CORROSIVE (AD Incident) Form was approved and submitted to ESH/HCTT for pickup. At Site 55 (HWSF), the HCTT technician conducted a routine pH check of the waste, using 0-14 pH strips and the results = 0 to 1

42 42 CORROSIVE (AD Incident) He conducts another pH test using 0-6 range pH strips, increments of 0.5 for better accuracy. Results this time = 0 HCTT technician reclassified & relabeled the waste, HAZARDOUS WASTE Notified the AD Waste Coordinator of the error.

43 43 CORROSIVE Methods to Prevent this  outdated pH paper  5 yr shelf life ALTERNATIVES pH strips have no shelf life calibrated pH meter

44 44 REACTIVE Waste Code: D003 CFR 261.23  Normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change w/o detonating;  Reacts violently w/water; generate toxic gases, fumes, and vapors  Explosives  Cyanides AP0 - LITHIUM METAL

45 45 TOXIC Waste Code: D004 – D043 CFR 261.24. If the concentration of the contaminant exceeds EPA’s regulatory limits, the waste is hazardous. Metals – lead (5 mg/L) Common to test old paint on bldgs and other bldg structures for toxic metals Organics – methyl ethyl ketone (200 mg/L) Pesticides – lindane (0.4 mg/L)

46 46 4. HAZARDOUS? Is it a listed EPA hazardous waste Non-specific Specific

47 47 LISTED HAZARDOUS WASTE? (261.32) K- listed - hazardous waste from specific manufacture of inks, organic or inorganic chemicals and pigments, petroleum refining, iron and steel industries, wood preserving, manufacture of pesticides Not generated @ FNAL

48 48 LISTED HAZARDOUS WASTE? CFR 261.31 The F- Listed waste is from nonspecific sources and includes spent solvents used in degreasing or other solvent operations, and various spent solvents no longer useful EPA Waste Codes: F001 – F039

49 49 F- LISTED HAZARDOUS WASTE Common @ Fermi spent halogenated and non-halogenated Waste Codes F001 F002 F003 F005

50 50 F – Listed Waste F001 – spent halogenated solvents (degreasing) 1,1,1- trichloroethane methylene chloride tetrachloroethylene trichloroethylene carbon tetrachloride chlorinated fluorocarbons Includes all spent solvent mixtures/blends used in degreasing, containing, before use, a total of 10% or more (by volume) of one or more of these halogenated solvents or those listed in F002, F004, F005…

51 51 F – Listed Waste F002 – spent halogenated solvents (non- degreasing) 1,1,1- trichloroethane methylene chloride tetrachloroethylene trichloroethylene carbon tetrachloride chlorinated fluorocarbons Includes all spent solvent mixtures/blends, containing, before use, a total of 10% or more (by volume) of one or more of these halogenated solvents or those listed in F001, F004, F005.

52 52 F – Listed Waste revised 6/2/2010 Solvent Contaminated Rags/Wipes with F001 and F002 must be managed as Hazardous Waste It is prohibited to purposely allow rags to air dry. Rags must be contained inside of an approved container.

53 53 F003 – Listed Waste Acetone, methanol xylene Ethyl acetate, ethyl benzene ethyl ether, ethyl isobutyl ketone n-butyl alcohol Cyclohexanone All spent solvent mixtures/blends containing, before use, only the above spent nonhalogenated solvents; and all spent solvent mixtures/blends containing, before use, one or more of the above solvents, and a total of 10% or more (by volume) of one or more of these halogenated solvents or those listed in F001, F002, F004 and F005

54 54 F – Listed Waste F005 – spent non-halogenated solvents Toluene methyl ethyl ketone carbon disulfide isobutanol Pyridine benzene 2-ethoxyethanol 2-nitropropane All spent solvent mixtures/blends containing, before use, a total of ten percent or more (by volume) of one or more of the above nonhalogenated solvents or those solvents listed in F001, F002, F004

55 55 Are managed as Hazardous Waste and can be commingled with other flammable solvent rags (i.e., ethanol, isopropanol, mineral spirits). F003 and F005 Rags/Wipes revised 6/2/2010

56 56 Continuation of It is prohibited to purposely air dry solvent rags and wipes Solvents naturally evaporate from rags and wipes during the course of their use. This is unavoidable and it is acceptable if rags and wipes become devoid of free liquids in this way. However, it is not permissible to spread wet rags/wipes out to deliberately allow them to dry. This is considered treatment and would require a special permit from IEPA. It also would potentially create safety and health hazards and contribute to ground-level ozone (i.e., smog) formation. Hint: Try to minimize the amount of solvent you apply to the rag/wipe. Use repeated applications, if necessary, rather than saturating the rag/wipe with solvent.

57 57 5. Other Contaminated Rags and Wipes Hazardous Waste Special Waste

58 58 Revised 6/2/2010 PROPER DISPOSAL OF CONTAMINATED WIPES/RAGS ContaminantCategory/ConditionsWaste Code Lead Lead-contaminated itemsHazardousD008 BerylliumSPECIALNone Beryllium powderHazardousP015 Solvents Mineral spirits, ethanol, xylene, acetone, methanol HAZARDOUS Collect rags in a labeled garbage bag and place contaminated wipes inside of an approved container Disposal in regular trash is prohibited ! D001 and F003 Mineral spirits, ethanol, isopropanol HazardousD001

59 59 P-Listed Waste (acutely toxic) 40 CFR 261.33 may cause severe health effects and have been found to be fatal to humans in low doses; if scientific studies shown it has lethal effects on experimental animals or if it causes serious irreversible or incapacitating illiness Discarded/commercial chemical products (expired), off-specification species, container residues and spill residues P-Waste must also be 100% of the waste or be the sole active ingredient

60 60 P-Listed Waste (acutely toxic) EPA Waste Codes: P001 – P205  beryllium powder P015  Sodium azide – P105

61 61 U – Listed Waste (toxic) Although harmful, isn’t as toxic as P-listed waste. U- waste includes chemicals that display other characteristics, I.e. ignitable, corrosive, reactive, toxic (40CFR261.33) Discarded Commercial Chemical Products EPA Waste Codes U001 – U411 EXAMPLES  acetone (U002)  methanol (U154)

62 How to Get Rid of Unwanted/Useable Chemicals 62

63 EXCESS CHEMICAL DATABASE FNAL established has a database to facilitate the exchange of chemicals between groups at the lab. 63

64 64 10/21/09 EXCESS CHEMICAL DATABASE Information includes a table comprised of unwanted; however, reuseable chemicals from various division and sections Chemical name, Condition of the chemical, Contact person Any comments regarding the chemical

65 65 click on : Waste Minimization AD Waste Min./Pollution Prevention Info) quick link to: EXCESS CHEMICAL LIST

66 66 Administration Computer Support ES&H Tools Environment Fire Department Industrial Hygiene Medical People Radiation Etc. Quick Links DocDB ESHS Emergency Info Excess Chemical List FAQs Forms/Services Lab Safety Cmte Login/Create Account MSDS Search Etc.

67 67 ChemicalMSDS CASVolume/Wt. Qty. Remaining GradeConditionCommentsExpiresContact CANTEX14799 5 @ 1 gallon each 5 @ 1 gal eachunusedunknown01/15/2010 Sylvia Wilson CHLOR RID153251 x 5 gal1 x 2.5 galopened Condition is good 02/27/2010 Sylvia F. Wilson PRIMER S-911 PVC NO. 10 PURPLE WELDING SOLVENT 188135 @ 1 gal each unusedunknown01/15/2010Sylvia F. Wilson

68 68 Excess Chemicals on the Database If you see a chemical on the database or if you want to put a chemical on the list Contact the WC or ES&H personnel

69 69 Excess Chemicals on the Database DON’T BRING your unwanted, reusable chemicals to the DIV/ESH DEPARTMENT. It should remain in your location You can also subscribe to this website http://www- esh.fnal.gov/owa user/esh mailing lists.html. This can save the lab money!

70 70 Before ordering new chemicals Fermilab’s Excess Chemical List Contact the Waste Coordinator AD Chemical Inventory/MSDS Database

71 HAZARDOUS WASTE LABEL THE ACCUMULATION START DATE BEGINS WHEN 55 GALLON VOLUME LIMIT, OR 1 QT. VOLUME LIMIT FOR P-LISTED WASTE IS EXCEEDED. OTHERWISE THE START DATE BEGINS AT THE LAB’S PERMITTED SITE (SITE 55) 71

72 72 6. SPECIAL WASTE Special waste is a waste that isn’t hazardous as defined by RCRA; however, there are state regulations that govern the transportation and disposal of these types of waste. Liquids and TSCA materials. TSCA: to control substances determined to cause unreasonable risk to public health or the environment. Asbestos abatement and the use, storage, transport and disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are included in these regulations.

73 73 INDUSTRIAL PROCESS WASTE POLLUTION CONTROL WASTE PIMW (potentially infectious medical waste) Liquid, solid, semisolid, or gaseous waste generated when manufacturing a product or performing a service Examples: cutting lubricants, equipment cleanings, used solvents from parts cleaners, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) containing materials. Pollution control waste is generated when contaminants are removed from the air, soil, or water. Examples: Cleanup waste from PCB spills (includes empty containers) and asbestos-containing materials (ACM) generated during demolition and renovation operations. Generated in connection with diagnosis, treatment, medical research, biological testing, immunization of humans or animals. Examples: Needles, syringes, medical sharps, bandages

74 74 BALLAST/CAPACITOR Capacitor and ballast manufactured after July 1, 1978 that didn’t contain PCB’s should be marked No PCB's if it didn’t contain PCBs. If unmarked, the item should be treated as PCB contaminated..

75 75 IMPORTANT Non-PCB liquid filled ballast Can’t be disposed of via dumpster because they may contain a toxic fluid (diethylhexyl phthalate*) or other fluids (oil). These types of ballasts shall be discarded as Special Waste. * If unused, the waste code would be U028.

76 76 Mandatory Requirements for PCB Materials included in handout Temporary storage areas must be labeled with Large PCB Mark - label that is 6”x 6”

77 77 Mandatory Requirements for PCB Materi als included in handout Both Special Waste and PCB labels must be affixed to the waste container. Avoid covering manufacturer’s information Contact the WC for labels.

78 78 Mandatory Requirements for PCB Materials The out-of-service date must be marked on the “Special Waste” label. If items are collected in a container, the earliest out-of- service date applies. Capacitors and ballasts may only be stored at the SAA for up to 30 days from the date of removal from service. Chemical Waste Pickup Request Form must be completed promptly.

79 79 Mandatory Requirements for PCB Materials included in handout Leaky capacitors and ballasts - containerized and separated from non-leaky capacitors. Containers shall be in good condition and labeled Use only non-regulated metal to short out your capacitors

80 80 Mandatory Requirements – PCB Mat’ls Hi-Bay/X-Gallery SAA is for approved, non- radioactive PCB capacitors and ballasts only. Generators should notify the waste coordinator prior to placing any PCB waste at this location to ensure that the waste is being processed promptly.

81 81 PCB COLLECTION SITE X/GAL

82 82 SPECIAL WASTE LABELS ASBESTOS WASTE The contractor is responsible for labeling ACM (pre-printed marked bags or containers). The WC is responsible for affixing a “Special Waste” label to the waste.

83 SPECIAL WASTE LABEL THE ACCUMULATION START DATE BEGINS AT THE TIME OF WASTE ACCUMUATION 83

84 84 Absorbed Waste from Cleanups oil/glycol Trashable: Usually involves non-contaminated absorbent materials (wipes, rags, pads) from non-PCB oil or glycol cleanups Rule of thumb: ≤ 1 ft 3 /dumpster and waste should be double bagged. Large liquid spills – Used Oil or Special Waste

85 85 WHAT IS COLD SOLVENT CLEANING? (Cleaning electronic components and wipe cleaning aren’t included) Process of cleaning and removing grease, wax and other impurities from metal and other parts and keeping the solvent below its boiling point (BP). If it exceeds its BP it is vapor degreasing and requires a permit. Also referred to as degreasing or parts washing

86 86 Cold Solvent Cleaning 1. Degreasers must remain closed when parts aren’t handled (prevent evaporation and ground level ozone (smog) 2. Cleaned parts must be drained inside the degreaser until drip free. 3. Waste solvent shall be stored in a covered container.

87 87 Cold Cleaning Dept Heads should notify the EO whenever: New potential air emission sources are introduced Modifications to your operations that increases the amount of air contaminants being released

88 88 Cold Cleaning More Information : ADSP-08-0501, AIR EMISSION SOURCE PROGRAM

89 89 7. USED OILS All transformer oils (Shell Diala) and petroleum based oils > 5 gallons are tested for halogens (i.e., PCBs, CFCs (freons)

90 90 USED OIL CONTINUATION If oil is contaminated, then another sample is taken and analyzed off-site Also there is a storage limitation of no more than 3 days for contaminated oil (i.e., freon) to be stored at a SAA. Greater than 55 gallons of oil must be relocated to the lab’s permitted facility (Site 55)

91 91 USED OIL CONTINUATION Oils contaminated with PCB and CFC can’t be recycled. DON’T use the same chemical funnel to transfer oils

92 USED OIL 89

93 93 8. USED OIL FILTERS non-radioactive NON-REGULATED WASTE and can’t be disposed of as regular trash. Must be stored in a covered and sealed container for disposal.

94 New Non-Reg Label 94

95 95 9. MIXED WASTE Radioactive and Hazardous Must comply : EPA (RCRA) Code FERMI’S Radiation Policies & Waste Procedures (ADSP- 10-0201) +

96 96 11/5/09 10. UNIVERSAL WASTE (UW) (hazardous waste) 40 CFR 273 Materials are recycled and managed in accordance with UW requirements Batteries Fluorescent Lamps & HID Mercury Containing Devices

97 97 6/2/2010 UNIVERSAL WASTE 40 CFR 273.2 BATTERIES, LEAD ACIDLEAD ACID* LITHIUM NICKEL CADMIUM SILVER OXIDE MERCURY Nickel Metal Hydride (NMh) * Generators should tape the positive terminals

98 Universal (batteries) 98

99 99 AD/COMMON COLLECTION SITE BATTERIES

100 100 Fluorescent and High Intensity Lamps (Universal Waste) 40 CFR 273.14

101 Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) (a) twin-tube integral, (b) triple-tube integral, (c) triple-tube integral, (d) integral model with casing that reduces glare, (e) modular circline and ballast, and (f)modular quad-tube and ballast. CFLs can be installed in regular incandescent fixtures and consume less than one-third as much electricity as incandescent lamps do. 101

102 102 Fluorescent and High Intensity Lamps (Universal Waste) 40 CFR 273.14 PACKAGE LAMPS PROPERLY to prevent breakage and release of toxic vapors ORIGINAL PACKING BOXORIGINAL PACKING BOX POLY SLEEVES (WC)POLY SLEEVES (WC)

103 103 MANAGEMENT OF BROKEN FLUORESCENT LAMPS All spill debris must be cleaned up and placed inside of a structurally sound, sealed, and labeled container

104 104

105 105 Spent Lamps Final Collection Point Site 38 RAD SURVEY & LABEL LAMPS

106 106 Spent Lamps Final Collection Point Site 38 sign log sheet (clipboard )

107 107 UNIVERSAL WASTE MERCURY DEVICES 40 CFR 273.4 Thermostats, thermometers, barometers, switches Pack mercury devices in rigid, sealable containers with packing materials i.e., bubble wrap or other adequate materials to prevent breakage Store mercury devices in an inside, dry area not exposed to weather; Mark container with a “Universal Waste Mercury Containing Equipment” label

108 Universal (Hg devices) 108

109 109 12. UNKNOWNS Chemicals should always be identified and labeled properly Unfortunately, this doesn’t always happen.

110 110 UNKNOWN WASTE (abandoned) Creates serious concerns, problems and extra costs (sampling and analysis). Usually lacks the initial and necessary information to properly characterize the waste. Difficult to handle and store

111 111 WHAT CAN YOU DO? 1.Check w/others in the location to see if they may have any process knowledge of the waste or it’s origin 2.Look for written records, check the container for any legible markings (bar codes manufr/stock #s) on lid/bottom of container 3. Check to see if the material looks like another material already in use

112 112 WHAT CAN YOU DO? Contact the AD/Waste Coordinator. He/She will give you a form (Unknown Material Request Form) to complete Attach the completed form to a completed “Chemical Waste Pickup Request Form” and submit both forms to the WC for review and approval.

113 113 UNKNOWN MATERIAL REQUEST FORM Requestor:____________________________________________ Phone #:_____________________ Location of Material (Bldg/Room/Cabinet #) __________________________________________ Description of Container (size) ___________________________ (type) _____________________ 1. General Description of the Material (aqueous, color, pH) a)circle one: solid/ liquid/ oil/ multi-phase (describe) b)describe the material color: c)describe the material texture: d)Document pH results, only if it can be easily obtained. e)Is there a distinct odor? Note: If the smell is not very obvious, then don’t sniff the material. f)Does the waste resemble another product normally used in the area that the unknown was found? 2. PERSONNEL SURVEY: Describe the actions that you’ve taken to identify the waste (e.g., discussions with building and area managers, co-workers and contractors in the work area). AD/ESH Dept.

114 114 DON’T LET YOUR WASTE BECOME A STRANGER ! WAYS TO PREVENT UNKNOWNS Label all containers (i.e., product and waste containers). Don’t remove or cover the manufacturer’s label. Keep track of the expiration dates on materials and Use materials that are about to expire first. Only order what is necessary to do the task to prevent unnecessary chemical waste.

115 115 Ways to Prevent Unknowns Get rid of chemicals you don’t want or plan on using in the future. Secure loose and deteriorating labels on containers Complete a waste pickup form to ensure that waste does not have a chance to remain in a work area and be forgotten.

116 116 UNKNOWN (catastrophic event) If you find any unlabeled chemical that has crystallized or there is any other indication that it may be unstable, DO NOT TOUCH IT! Contact the WC or AD/ES&H Department ASAP

117 Labels Available 117

118 118 12. EMPTY CONTAINERS 40 CFR 261.7 A container is considered empty when all materials have been removed, using common practices e.g., pouring, pumping, aspirating

119 119 EMPTY CONTAINERS all metal cans > 5 gallons Complete a waste form and check Non-Regulated category on the form Label the container with an “EMPTY” label. Note: Containers that once contained a “P-listed” waste shall be disposed of as a “Hazardous Waste”

120

121 121 Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAA) Label waste containers @ the time of accumulation Containers shall be compatible with the waste/chemical (preferred manufacturer’s container) Ensure chemical compatibility with other nearby waste (MSDS)

122 122 Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAA) Inspect containers for corrosion, leaks and deterioration Containers shall remain closed, unless adding or removing waste Hazardous waste must remain @ SAA

123 123 Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAA) Use secondary containment when storing hazardous waste near or with products. Hazardous waste shall never exceed 55 gallons or 1 qt of P-listed waste @ the SAA

124 124 Common Mistakes @ SAA (delay pickup) Unable to locate item SAA isn’t accessible Containers should be clean & free of liquid residue on lids and side surfaces

125 125 Common Mistakes @ SAA (delay pickup) Incomplete or improperly labeled item(s) Containers without tight fitting lids or closures Information on label is defaced Use a Sharpie permanent black marker, other colors will fade due to sunlight and weather conditions

126 126 Common Mistakes @ SAA (delay pickup) Integrity of the waste container is poor (corroded, not road worthy, leaky, etc) Containers aren’t protected outdoors (i.e., no lid covers, conditions too cold for outdoor storage, snowbound

127 127 D R U M CA P ACITY (problem @ SAA) Drum is too full. Drums can hold more than 55 gallons. Extra space allows liquids to expand in the container due to temperature. Rule of thumb - maintain at least 3” of headspace in waste container. Bulging containers present a safety hazard for others who handle them

128 128 WCoordinator 55 - gallon bung drums 55 -gallon open head steel drums 55 gallon bung type poly drums 1- 10 gallon poly buckets w/lids 5 gallon used carboys for non- hazardous liquids Stockroom 5 gallon carboys HDPE bottles cans w/lid

129 129 COLLECTION WASTE PICKUP SCHEDULE 1 st and 3 rd Wednesday of each month CHEMICAL WASTE PICKUP REQUEST FORM (ES&H Websites)

130 Acelerator Division Home 130 Rev. 2/14/08 Quick Links  Report Safety Concern  ESH Newsletters  AD ESH Plan  AD Injury Rates & Goals  ESH Contacts  ESH SECTION Forms/Services  PPE & Equipment Availability  Employee Safety Suggestions  ESH Department  AD Links  Bldg Managemt.  ENVIRONT’L PROTECTION Waste Managemt Guidance  Interlocks,  RAD Protection,etc. Fermi at Work Accelerator Division Home Fermilab Phone/Email http://www-bdnew.fnal.gov/esh/Default.htm

131 131 Administration Computer Support ES&H Tools Environment Fire Department Industrial Hygiene Medical People Radiation Etc. Quick Links DocDB ESHS Emergency Info Excess Chemical List FAQs Forms/Services Lab Safety Cmte Login/Create Account MSDS Search Etc.

132 Link to ES&H Section ES&H, Environmental Protection, Hazard Control Team, Forms & Instructions Instructions for Hazard Control Technology Team File Maker Pro Forms WASTE TYPEFileMaker Pro Version PDF VERSIONINSTRUCTIONS Radioactive Waste Certification and Pickup Request Form HTMLPDF Rad. Waste Certification and Pickup- Continuation Sheet Continuation Sheet Chemical Waste Certification and Pickup Form Request Form HTML PDF Haz. Radioactive Mixed Waste Certification and Pickup Request Form HTMLPDF 132

133 REVISED CHEMICAL WASTE PICKUP REQUEST FORM 11/11/2008 133

134 REVISION Chemical Waste Pickup Request Form Comments section: All items have been evaluated by the Waste Coordinator for potential reuse/recycling prior to being declared waste. 134

135 Chemical Waste Pickup Form 135

136 136


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