15 The Pacific Coast Two mountain ranges Cascade Range Sierra Nevada Nevada means “snow capped”East of the mountain ranges are fertile lands, great for farming
16 Alaska and Hawaii Alaska Hawaii Mountain ranges surround most of the stateMt. McKinley, the tallest mountain in the U.S. 20,320 feetBorders the Arctic OceanMade up of 8 large islands and 120 small islandsVolcanoes erupted and formed the islandsCoral Reefs surround part of the island
18 Landforms of CanadaCanada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories.Provinces are political divisions, similar to states in AmericaNunavut is the newest territoryCreated in 1999Serves as a territory for Canada’s indigenous people
19 Glaciers Glaciers are giant ice sheets that are slowly moving Glaciers moved across Canada thousands of years ago, and made the landforms that are present today, like mountains and lakes
20 Shield and TundraThe Canadian Shield is formed from ice sheets that depressed the land surface and scooped out thousands of lake basins. It carried away much of the region's soil. Drainage is generally very poor on the shield. The southern part of the shield has thick forests while the north is covered with tundra.Tundra is a treeless plain where the soil beneath a few inches is permanently frozen. Located in Canada’s far north.