10-2 Managing Voluntary and Involuntary Turnover Involuntary Turnover Turnover initiated by an employer. Often with employees who would prefer to stay. Voluntary Turnover Turnover initiated by employees. Often when the organization would prefer to keep them.
10-3 Principles of Justice Outcome Fairness A judgment that the consequences given to employees are just. Procedural Justice A judgment that fair methods were used to determine the consequences an employee receives. Interactional Justice A judgment that the organization carried out its actions in a way that took the employee’s feelings into account.
10-4 Legal Requirements Wrongful Discharge The discharge may not violate an implied agreement. – e.g., employer had promised job security – e.g., the action is inconsistent with company rules The discharge may not violate public policy. – e.g., terminating the employee for refusing to do something illegal or unsafe. Discrimination Employers must make discipline decisions without regard to a person’s age, sex, race, or other protected status. Evenhanded, carefully documented discipline can avoid such claims.
10-5 Progressive Discipline Hot-Stove Rule Principle of discipline that says discipline should be like a hot stove, giving clear warning and following up with consistent, objective, and immediate consequences. Progressive Discipline A formal discipline process in which the consequences become more serious if the employee repeats the offense.
10-7 Figure 10.3: Typical Stages of Alternative Dispute Resolution Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) – methods of solving a problem by bringing in an impartial outsider but not using the court system.
10-8 Employee Assistance Programs Employee assistance program (EAP) – a referral service that employees can use to seek professional treatment for emotional problems or substance abuse. Many EAPs are fully integrated into employers’ overall health benefits plans.
10-9 Outplacement Counseling Outplacement counseling – a service in which professionals try to help dismissed employees manage the transition from one job to another. The goals for outplacement counseling are to help the former employee address the psychological issues associated with losing a job while at the same time helping the person find a new job.
10-11 The Causes of Job Dissatisfaction Negative affectivity Core self-evaluations Personal Dispositions Role Role ambiguity Role conflict Role overload Tasks and Roles Negative behavior by managers Conflicts between employees Supervisors and Coworkers Pay is an indicator of status in the organization Pay and benefits contribute to self-worth Pay and Benefits
10-13 Figure 10.6: Steps in the Role Analysis Technique Role analysis technique: A process of formally identifying expectations associated with a role.
10-14 Job Satisfaction: Supervisors and Co-workers The two primary people in an organization who affect job satisfaction are co-workers and supervisors. A person may be satisfied with these people for one of three reasons: 1.The people share the same values, attitudes, and philosophies. 2.The co-workers and supervisor may provide social support, meaning they are sympathetic and caring. 3.The co-workers or supervisor may help the person attain some valued outcome.
10-15 Summary Involuntary turnover occurs when the organization requires employees to leave, often when they would prefer to stay. Voluntary turnover occurs when employees initiate the turnover, often when the organization would prefer to keep them. Both are costly because of the need to recruit, hire, and train replacements. Involuntary turnover can also result in lawsuits and even violence.