Presentation on theme: "Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies MAIN IDEA The founding of the Middle and Southern colonies provided settlers with many economic opportunities."— Presentation transcript:
Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies MAIN IDEA The founding of the Middle and Southern colonies provided settlers with many economic opportunities.
WHY IT MATTERS NOW America is still a place where immigrants seek freedom and economic opportunity.
New Netherland Dutch India Company colonizes, 1621. Settlers from other countries and Africa welcomed. Dutch trade for furs with Native Amer.
English Takeover In 1664, Duke of York becomes proprietor of New Netherland. -Renamed colony New York -Later gives part of the land to friends, names it New Jersey -Religious freedom.
Penn’s “Holy Experiment” In 1681, William Penn founds Pennsylvania on the Quaker principles. Quakers’ ideas: equality, cooperation, religious toleration, and pacifism. -Adult males given 50 acres, right to vote. -Representative assembly -Freedom of religion Native people treated fairly; 50 years without conflict.
Thriving Colony Penn recruits immigrants, 1000s of Germans come. Quakers become minority; slavery is introduced. Allowed Delaware own assembly; broke off.
Southern Colonies Cash Crops: Tobacco, Rice, Indigo. Lord Baltimore, a Catholic, founds Maryland in 1632. -allows religious freedom. Carolinas are founded by settlers from Barbados and built Charles town, (Charleston) in 1670. James Ogelthorpe founds Georgia as a haven for debtors. By 1752, there are 13 British Colonies in the North America.