Presentation on theme: "Greetings and Introductions por Sra. Bodinet. How to say hi There are multiple ways to say heelo in Spanish, just like in English. We say, hello,"— Presentation transcript:
Greetings and Introductions por Sra. Bodinet
How to say hi There are multiple ways to say heelo in Spanish, just like in English. We say, hello, hey, hi, good morning, good day, and the list goes on and on. There is no difference in Spanish. In this tutorial, you will practice how to say hi.
Hello Hola literally means hi in Spanish. You may have known this already. To say good morning, we say buenos días. Try saying it- “bwen-nose dee-ahs” To say good afternoon, we say buenas tardes. Try saying it-”bwen-ahs tar-days” To say good night or good evening, we say, buenas noches. Try saying it- “bwen-ahs no- chase”
Note You may have noticed that the word for ‘good’ is spelled differently; ‘buenos’ and ‘buenas’. In Spanish, almost all nouns are masculine or feminine. Días is the plural of el día (el is masculine). Tardes is from la tarde, and noches is from la noche (la is feminine).
¡Hola! ¿Cómo estás? On p.2 in your book, there are 3 dialogues. We’ll go through each in a moment with their translations. Notice when you look at them that there are upside exclamation points (¡) and upside down question marks (¿) These are normal, and when a reader reads the sentence out loud, it gives him/her a heads up on how to read it. Exclammatory sentences are read differently from sentences asking questions.
p.2, Dialogue 1 Line 1: “¡Buenos días, señor!” “Good morning, sir!” Line 2: “¡Buenos días! ¿Cómo te llamas?” “Good morning. What’s your name?” Cómo te llamas is from the verb llamarse and literally means ‘what do you call yourself?’ Line 3: “Me llamo Felipe.” “My name is Felipe.” Me llamo literally means I call myself. Felipe is Phillip is English.
p.2 Dialogue 2 Line 1: “Buenas tardes, señora!” “Good afternoon, madam!” (note: If a woman is married, she’s a Señora). Line 2: “¡Buenas tardes! ¿Cómo te llamas?” “Good afternoon! What’s your name? Line 3: “Me llamo Beatriz.” “My name is Beatriz.” (note: Beatriz is Beatrice in English). Line 4: “Mucho gusto.” “Pleased to meet you.” Line 5: “Encantada.” “Delighted.”
p. 2 Dialogue 3 Line 1: “¡Buenas noches! ¿Cómo te llamas? “Good evening! What’s your name? Line 2: “Hola! Me llamo Graciela. ¿Y tú?” “Hi! My name is Graciela. And you?” (note: Graciela is Gracie in English) Line 3:”Me llamo Lorenzo” “My name is Lorenzo.” (note: Lorenzo means Laurence in English). Line 4: “Mucho gusto.” “Pleased to meet you.” Line 5: “Igualmente.” “Likewise.” “Likewise.”
¡Hola! ¿Cómo estás? p.4 Dialogue 1 Line 1: “Buenos días, Adela. ¿Cómo estás?” “Good morning, Adela. How are you? Line 2: “Bien, gracias, Sr. Ruiz. Y usted? “Good, thank you, Mr. Ruiz. And you?” Line 3: “Bien, gracias.” “Good, thank you.”
p.4 Dialogue 2 Line 1: “Buenas tardes, Sr. Ruiz.¿Cómo está Ud.?” “Good afternoon, Mr. Ruiz. How are you? Line 2: “Muy bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?” “Very well, thank you. And you?” Line 3: “Bien, gracias.” “Good, thank you.”
Note: tú vs. usted You may have noticed that tú and usted both mean you in Spanish. So, what’s the difference? Tú is used with people you are familiar with or are on a first name basis with. Usted is used with people you want to be formal with or those you don’t know well. For example, you would use ‘usted’ with Sr. Litteken, but you would use ‘tú’ with a friend. For more examples, see p.5 Exploración del lenguaje
p.4 Dialogue 3 Line 1: “Buenas noches, Miguel. ¿Qué tal?” “Good evening, Miguel. How are you?” Line 2: “Regular.¿Y tú, Carlos? ¿Qué pasa?” “Ok. And you, Carlos? What’s up?” Line 3: “Nada.” “Nothing.”
p.4 Dialogue 4 Line 1: “¡Adiós, Srta. Moreno! ¡Hasta luego! Good bye, Ms. Moreno! See you later! “¡Hasta mañana!” “See you tomorrow!” Note: Srta. is the abbreviation for Señorita, or Miss, in Spanish.
Check out these videos to practice your conversation skills. Kyvc84 Kyvc84 Kyvc84 kj5es kj5es kj5es audio-phrases-greetings.html audio-phrases-greetings.html audio-phrases-greetings.html