2 What is poetry?In poetry the sound and meaning of words are combined to express feelings, thoughts, and ideas.The poet chooses words carefully.Poetry is usually written in lines, NOT sentences.
3 Poetry ElementsWriters use many elements to create their poems. These elements include:RhythmSoundImageryForm
4 Rhythm Rhythm is the flow of the beat in a poem. Gives poetry a musical feel.Can be fast or slow, depending on mood and subject of poem.You can measure rhythm in meter, by counting the beats in each line.(See next two slides for examples.)
5 Rhythm Example The Pickety Fence by David McCord The pickety fence Give it a lick it'sA clickety fenceGive it a lick it's a lickety fenceGive it a lickWith a rickety stickpicketypick.The rhythm in this poem is fast – to match the speed of the stick striking the fence.
6 Rhythm Example Where Are You Now? When the night begins to fall And the sky begins to glowYou look up and see the tallCity of lights begin to grow –In rows and little golden squaresThe lights come out. First here, then thereBehind the windowpanes as thoughA million billion bees had builtTheir golden hives and honeycombsAbove you in the air.By Mary Britton MillerThe rhythm in this poem is slow – to match the night gently falling and the lights slowly coming on.
7 Sound Bang! Bang! Bang! POP!! Sizzle!!! Writers love to use interesting sounds in their poems. After all, poems are meant to be heard. These sound devices include:RhymeRepetitionAlliterationOnomatopoeiaBang! Bang! Bang!POP!!Sizzle!!!
8 RhymeRhymes are words that end with the same sound. (Hat, cat and bat rhyme.)Rhyming sounds don’t have to be spelled the same way. (Cloud and allowed rhyme.)Rhyme is the most common sound device in poetry.
9 Rhyme SchemePoets can choose from a variety of different rhyming patterns.(See next four slides for examples.)AABB – lines 1 & 2 rhyme and lines 3 & 4 rhymeABAB – lines 1 & 3 rhyme and lines 2 & 4 rhymeABBA – lines 1 & 4 rhyme and lines 2 & 3 rhymeABCB – lines 2 & 4 rhyme and lines 1 & 3 do not rhyme
10 AABB Rhyme Scheme First Snow Snow makes whiteness where it falls. The bushes look like popcorn balls.And places where I always play,Look like somewhere else today.By Marie Louise Allen
11 ABAB Rhyme Scheme Oodles of Noodles I love noodles. Give me oodles. Make a mound up to the sun.Noodles are my favorite foodles.I eat noodles by the ton.By Lucia and James L. Hymes, Jr.
12 ABBA Rhyme Scheme Let me fetch sticks, Let me fetch stones, From “Bliss”Let me fetch sticks,Let me fetch stones,Throw me your bones,Teach me your tricks.By Eleanor Farjeon
13 ABCB Rhyme Scheme The alligator chased his tail Which hit him in the snout;He nibbled, gobbled, swallowed it,And turned right inside-out.by Mary Macdonald
14 RepetitionRepetition occurs when poets repeat words, phrases, or lines in a poem.Creates a pattern.Increases rhythm.Strengthens feelings, ideas and mood in a poem.(See next slide for example.)
15 Repetition Example The Sun Some one tossed a pancake, A buttery, buttery, pancake.Someone tossed a pancakeAnd flipped it up so high,That now I see the pancake,The buttery, buttery pancake,Now I see that pancakeStuck against the sky.by Sandra Liatsos
16 AlliterationAlliteration is the repetition of the first consonant sound in words, as in the nursery rhyme “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”(See next slide for example.)The snake slithered silently along the sunny sidewalk.
17 Alliteration Example I jiggled it jaggled it jerked it. I pushed This ToothI jiggled itjaggled itjerked it.I pushedand pulledand poked it.But –As soon as I stopped,And left it aloneThis tooth came outOn its very own!by Lee Bennett Hopkins
18 AssonanceAssonance is the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a line of poetryEx: Hear the mellow wedding bells
19 Assonance Example Spring Kids The morning was cold with a bold statement The morning dew was wet and set in the ground You could taste the spring paste fill the air It made you feel real, refreshed and lively Should you go out and play? I would Young girls and boys grab their toys and play Boys playin' in dirt while girls play with their pearls The mom would tap her foot to say "nap time kids" The kids always enjoy their snack pack The spring melted away the snow and felt like mush The grass was as brass as a trumpet but was slowing turning The three trees in the front were a rusty brown- Bree Christen
20 ConsonanceConsonance is the repetition of similar consonant sounds in a line of poetryEx: Rap rejects my tape deck, ejects projectile
21 Consonance Example The Sleeper At midnight, in the month of June, I stand beneath the mystic moon. An opiate vapor, dewy, dim, Exhales from out her golden rim, And, softly dripping, drop by drop, Upon the quiet mountain top, Steals drowsily and musically Into the universal valley."- Edgar Allen Poe
22 OnomatopoeiaWords that represent the actual sound of something are words of onomatopoeia. Dogs “bark,” cats “purr,” thunder “booms,” rain “drips,” and the clock “ticks.”Appeals to the sense of sound.(See next slide for example.)
23 Onomatopoeia Example Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch. ListenScrunch, scrunch, scrunch.Crunch, crunch, crunch.Frozen snow and brittle iceMake a winter sound that’s niceUnderneath my stamping feetAnd the cars along the street.by Margaret Hillert