2 Beginning in the late 1980s, internationally long standing political regimes began to modify their philosophies/doctrines. Subsequently, the 1990s were predicted to be a “decade of democracy.” Explain how events supported that expectation?How did American actions in Panama and the Persian Gulf help define a role for the US in the Post-Cold War world?How did Bill Clinton’s policies support his statement “the era of big government is over?” How did they contradict this philosophy?In the 1970s, the U.S. economy began to shift away from manufacturers.Deindustrialization continued into the 1990s. Explain why this was so andwho was affected by this shift. What were the benefits and otherconsequences of this shift?Immigration has changed dramatically during different stages of American history. What trends can be identified in terms of where America’s immigrants were coming from and where were the settling?
3 Conservative Trends Continue Focus on the Family – interdenominational org conserv. agenda - questionable “research” (Tebow commercial)Contract with America – released for Congressional election 1994 – what Amer could expect from a Repub Congress: welfare reform, smaller gov’t, bal. budget, tax reform…Planned Parenthood v Casey – upheld parts of strict PA abortion policies (spousal approval violation of 14th amend)
4 Clinton & World Affairs Oslo Accords (1993) – roadmap to Middle Eastern peace?RwandaBalkan Crisis“ethnic cleansing”New role of NATOHuman Rights – justification for intervention – issues had been exclusively internal affairs of sovereign nationsWar crimes – international tribunals
5 A New Economy? Low unemployment Little inflation Balanced budget in 2nd terms (even chipped into deficit debt)Computer industry growing (influence & as job opportunities)Stock mrkt boom“dot coms”4/14/00 – largest 1 day drop – signaled beginning of 3 yr declineRecessionEnron Scandal – corp. corruption – offshoot of deregulation? (energy, telecom,trading, banking)
6 Social Inequality During boom, everybody’s income benefited Reality: poor & mid cl worse off than 1970s (real salaries adjusted for inflation)Wealthy got wealthier (Gates owned as much wealth as bottom 40% put together)Efforts against collective bargaining, out sourcingBenefits cutsFarming families in poverty
7 CultureChristian Coalition (Pat Robertson) continued – anti: gay rights, secularism is schools, abortion, gov’t aid to arts1992 Repub convention Pat Buchanan’s speechRetreat of “family values”Births to unmarried momsDivorce rateWorking womenAntigov’t grps“we’re here because we love freedom”Oklahoma City (1995)
8 Impeachment misconduct accusations around from start of admin Whitewater?Sexual harassment while governor?Lewinsky scandalStarr reportImpeached by House (Repub controlled) perjury & obstruction of justiceSenate did not get 2/3 to remove
9 2000 Election Al Gore/Joseph Lieberman George W. Bush/Dick Cheney Gore wins pop vote – narrow marginWho gets Florida’s electoral votes?RecountBush v GoreShould S.C. weigh in at all?Should it overturn Fla’s SC?Court had been reasserting states as part of larger fed. systemInfluence of:Ralph NaderBallot design – chadsFelons can’t vote in Fla
10 G. W. Bush – Foreign Policy Returning to isolationism?Withdrawing from anti-ball missile treatyRepudiated Internat’l Criminal CourtRejected Kyoto ProtocolSeptember 11thBush Doctrine – “either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists.”“Enduring Freedom” – AfghanistanNational Security Strategy of the US“Axis of Evil”Operation Iraqi Freedommission accomplished?Another Vietnam?
11 G. W. Bush – Domestic Policy Security vs LibertyUSA Patriot ActWiretapping, surveillance, records reviews (univ, college)Interrogation centers – habeas corpus? GitmoMilitary tribunals – noncitsJustice Dept – cits CAN be held indef w/out charge, no lawyer if declared “enemy combatants”NSA – intell gatheringGeneva Convention rules DON’T apply – Abu GhraibS.C. will challenge all these
12 EconomyOutsourcing continues – computer industry! manufacturing lost even morePensions/benefits goneSupply side tax cuts & reduced interest rates not helping enough – deficit growingAttempts to “reform” soc sec defeatedEconomic inequalities deepen – Hurricane KatrinaSoaring oil prices (gulf production disrupted, growing demand from India/China, Mid East instab)Impacts auto industry- fuel efficiency
13 ImmigrationContinued increases – settling in non traditional areas (heartland becoming diverse)Debate surrounding undocumented continuesImmigration Reform Act (1986) – allowed for illegals to become citsDoes there presence hurt others?House:bill to make it a felony to be illegalHuge protests – likened to Fugitive Slave Act of 1850Senate: more border patrols but route to citizenship for illegals
14 End of 2nd term Midterms brought in lots of Dems Control both houses – Nancy Pelosi22% approval ratingLack of substantial achievementsInternationally alienatedTremendous deficit%in poverty & w/out health insurance huge increases
15 Housing Bubble/Great Recession Economic speculationFed Rersev – interest rates unprecedented low ratesHousing prices skyrocket“subprime” mortgagesHousing bubble bursts – equity not realStock Mkt plungedRising unemploymentBuy outs – too big to fail?No requirements on how $ must be usedRealization unregulated mkt econ not perfect
16 B. Obama Inaugural address signals agenda of: Diplomatic instead of unilateral force for. policyAddressing econ crisis (result of “greed & irresponsibility”)Putting common good before indiv self-interestCombatting inequality/access to health care