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Environment; Management; Methods; & Curriculum Whittney Smith, Ed.D.

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Presentation on theme: "Environment; Management; Methods; & Curriculum Whittney Smith, Ed.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Environment; Management; Methods; & Curriculum Whittney Smith, Ed.D.

2 Essential Questions 1. What determines the culture of the classroom? 2. How can you create a positive learning environment ? 3. What are the keys to successful classroom management ? 4. What teaching methods do effective teachers use? 5. What is taught in schools?

3 Danielson Framework

4 Culture & Climate Classroom Culture determined by the manner in which teachers and students participate in common activities Classroom Climate atmosphere or quality of life in the classroom Determined by: How teachers interact with students Exercise of authority Warmth and encouragement shown Amount of competition or cooperation encourages Set expectations at the start of the year… “We are still undefeated” (p.16-17)

5 Classroom Environment Caring Classroom Help students learn to fullest potential Attention to Physical Environment Place furniture and seat students to enhance learning and movement in room Classroom Organization Structure tasks, group students and use resources to optimize learning for all

6 Classroom Environment Grouping  Between- Class Ability Grouping assigned by ability or achievement or goals (tracking) Does not contribute to greater achievement  Within-Class Ability Grouping assigned to small homogenous groups Can cause some students to be under taught when regrouping does not occur Cooperative Learning  Small groups 4-6 students  Assignment required students to help each other on group project  Students may contribute based on talent, interests, and abilities

7 Classroom Environment Delivering Instruction Authentic Pedagogy Helps Students Construct knowledge Acquire deep knowledge Engage in substantive conversations Make connections between knowledge and real world Time Allocated Time Academic Learning Time Opportunity to Learn (OTL) Block Scheduling

8 Classroom Management  Classroom Management Techniques (Creating a Caring Classroom; Classroom Organization; Student Grouping; Authentic Learning; Structuring Time)  Democratic Classroom Allowing students more power and responsibility over classroom activities  Preventive Planning Teacher Behaviors Eyes-in-the- back-of-the-head (with-it-ness); Ripple effect – using models to communicate expectations  Establishing Rules & Procedures Should be:  Carefully planned with students (include clear explanations, examples and practice)  Enforced consistently and fairly  Procedures (routines) and consequences (failure to follow rules) taught to students

9 Classroom Management  Organization and Planning for Instruction (Authentic Learning Tasks; “real”)  Effective Responses to Student Behavior  3 philosophies of teacher response to student misbehavior (Relationship-listening; Confronting- Contracting; Rules and Consequences) “A teacher’s bag of tricks” (p. 27-29)

10 Teaching Methods  Direct instruction – systematic instructional method that focuses on knowledge from teacher to student  Mastery Learning - All students can learn given time; Student learn best in structured program  Modeling – thinking out loud  Constructivist teaching  Scaffolding  Zone of Proximal Development “The Poor Lecturer’s Classroom (p. 12)

11 Teaching Methods Inquiry or Discovery Learning Students given opportunities to discover knowledge for themselves Peer Mediated Instruction Motivation by students to excel and learn Group Investigation Teacher create environment that allows students to determine what and how they will learn Peer Tutoring Students are tutored by others in same class or grade Cross Age Tutoring Older students tutoring younger

12 Co-Teaching Methods  One Teach, One Observe.  One Teach, One Assist.  Parallel Teaching (two equal groups).  Station Teaching.  Alternative Teaching (large-group/small- group)  Tag-Team Teaching

13 Curriculum Explicit Overt goals the school intended to be taught Hidden Implicit attitudes unintentionally taught Null Knowledge not taught Extracurricular / Co curricular School sponsored activities

14 Curriculum  Student Centered Curriculum  Growth and development of students emphasized with content, more typical in elementary schools  Subject Centered Curriculum  Logical order of curriculum emphasized, more typical of high school  Integrated curriculum  Curriculum drawn from different subject areas focused around theme

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