Presentation on theme: "Junghoon Kim and Jung Hoon Han Department of Physics Sungkyunkwan University."— Presentation transcript:
Junghoon Kim and Jung Hoon Han Department of Physics Sungkyunkwan University
Introduction Multiferroic materials : Materials which posses two or more coupled ferroic properties, e.g. ferroelectricity, (anti)ferromagnetism, etc., are called multiferroic materials, or “multiferroics”. This strong coupling between magnetic and electric degrees of freedom give rise to interesting physics. There has been a recent resurgence of interest in multiferroic materials due to advances in experimental techniques, potential technological applications (e.g. electrically accessible magnetic memory), and discovery of new multiferroic materials. Some examples of multiferroic materials are : TbMnO 3, Ni 3 V 2 O 8, Ba 0.5 Sr 1.5 Zn 2 Fe 12 O 22, CoCr 2 O 4, MnWO 4, etc. (The elements indicated in red are magnetic ions) Electromagnons : Small oscillations of the electric and magnetic moments with respect to the equilibrium positions propagate as spin waves and polarization waves. This coupling leads to collective modes called electromagnons.
Introduction Some recent experimental progress in multiferroics : Observations of the development of dipole moments accompanying the collinear-to- helical spin ordering. 1,2 Displacement of magnetic ions at the onset temperature of magnetic order in the triangular net. 3 Adiabatic control of dipole moments through sweeping of applied magnetic field. 4,5 Recent theoretical progress in multiferroics : Katsura, Balatsky, and Nagaosa 6 recently studied the low-energy dynamics of a one dimensional system of coupled spins and electric polarization originating from Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya type interactions. They found new collective modes of spin and polarization waves that lead to a novel coupling between the dielectric and magnetic properties. Our approach : We study the low energy dynamics of the spin-phonon coupled model in the exchange-striction picture on a two dimensional triangular net. Schematic ground state configuration of spins (black arrows) and lattice displacements (blue arrows)
Exchange-striction type: (RMn 2 O 5 ) Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya type: ( RMnO 3 and many others ) Two types of spin-polarization coupling
Model Hamiltonian The exchange integral J ij, which is a functional of the distance between nearest neighbor lattice sites, is Taylor expanded to first order. Nearest neighbor spins make a angle with respect to each other z y x Classical Analysis
Holstein-Primakoff (HP) Theory Analysis of small fluctuations using HP bosons : For low-lying states of the system such that the fractional spin reversal is small; 1/S expansion of the HP operators to 1 st order gives out
Diagonalization of the Hamiltonian Divide the Hamiltonian into two parts, H 0 and H SP, and diagonalize each respectively. Spinwave energy spectrum : Truncate terms higher than the quadratic Diagonalize through a series of Bogoliubov transformations Two branches of coupled spinwave/phonon dispersions
Original spinwave/phonon dispersions Spinwave dispersion Phonon dispersion Weakly(J 1 =0.1) and strongly(J 1 =0.3) coupled spinwave/phonon dispersions J 1 =0.1 E 1k dispersion E 2k dispersion Coupled spinwave/phonon dispersions J 1 =0.3 E 1k, J 1 =0.1 E 1k, J 1 =0.3 E 2k, J 1 =0.1 E 2k, J 1 =0.3 Increase of ~0.12J 0 in E 1k Decrease of ~0.31J 0 in E 2k at (k z, k y )=(2 ) Energy Spectrum (1)
Energy Spectrum (2) Weakly coupled (J 1 =0.1) spinwave/phonon dispersions Uncoupled spinwave/phonon dispersion Strongly coupled (J 1 =0.3) spinwave/phonon dispersions Emergence of roton-like minima points
Critical Value of J 1 =0.321 New Spin configuration Roton-like minima points New Spin Configuration
Magnetization Surprisingly little change due to spin-phonon coupling!
Spin-Spin Correlation Function We calculate the spin-spin correlation function,, from which we can extract the electromagnon spectral function, directly observable by neutron scattering experiments.
Spin-phonon coupled Hamiltonian is exactly solved to quadratic order for the triangular lattice. The dispersion shows a roton-like minima at k=(2 ) in the presence of critical coupling. Various measurable quantities, (magnetization, phonon correlation function, spin-spin correlation function) have been calculated. Summary