2 Example 1A viscous fluid flows past a flat plate such that the boundary layer thickness at a distance 1.3m from the leading edge is 12mm. Determine the boundary layer thickness at distances of 0.2m, 2.0m and 20m from the leading edge. Assume laminar flow.If the upstream velocity of the flow is 1.5m/s, determine the kinematic viscosity of the fluid.
3 Example 1From similarity solution and normalization analysis,X (m)δ (mm)0.24.7072.014.8842047.068
8 Example 3Because of the velocity deficit, U-u, in the boundary layer, the streamlines for flow past a flat plate are not exactly parallel to the plate. This deviation can be determined by use of the displacement thickness, δ*. For air blowing past the flat plate shown in the figure, plot the streamline A-B that passes through the edge of the boundary layer (y=δB at x=l ) at point B. That is, plot y=y(x) for streamline A-B. Assume laminar boundary layer flow.
12 Example 4Fluid flows past a triangular flat plate oriented parallel to the free stream as shown in the figure. Integrate the wall shear stress over the plate to determine the friction drag on one side of the plate. Assume laminar boundary layer flow.