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CHAPTER THE SIMPLE PRESENT 11. THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE The tense is used to talk about activities, habits, facts, processes. (+) IN AFFIRMATIVE FORM.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER THE SIMPLE PRESENT 11. THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE The tense is used to talk about activities, habits, facts, processes. (+) IN AFFIRMATIVE FORM."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER THE SIMPLE PRESENT 11

2 THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE The tense is used to talk about activities, habits, facts, processes. (+) IN AFFIRMATIVE FORM EXAMPLE: 1) I get up at 6:00 am everyday 2) The computer stores data in the memory.. SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT

3 RULERS A) Los verbos estan es su forma simple, pero cuando se une con los pronombres he, she, it termina en s. EXAMPLE: I we, you, they he she it Pa y …………….. Wor k …………….. Delet e …………….. Progra m …………….. Displa y …………….. Exercises: 1. I work at the Bank. …………….. 2. He works at the Bank ……………

4 B) Si el verbo termina en o, s, ss, x, z, zz, sh, ch, se le aumenta “ES”. Example: (tercera persona) I, we, you, they he, she, it Do …………….. Go …………….. Accomplish …………….. process …………….. 1. she …………….. (teach) computing. ……………………………………………………… 2. they ……………..(go) to the library.

5 c) Si el verbo termina en “Y” precedida de una consonante, se cambia y por “I” y se le aumenta “es”. Example: (tercera persona) I, we, you, they he, she, it Cop y …………….. Car ry out …………….. stud y …………….. t ry …………….. 1.he ……………..(study) At idat. ……………………………………………………… 2. you ……………..(copy) the numbers. ………………………………………………………

6 D) EL VERBO HAVE, CUANDO SE UNE CON “HE”, “SHE”, “IT” ES HAS. EXAMPLE: I, WE, YOU, THEY HE, SHE, IT Have has they ……………..(have) a computer. ……………………………………………………… He ……………..(have) a file. ………………………………………………………

7 S ENTENCES : I. Write the appropriate verb and translate into spanish II. ( escribir el verbo apropiado y traducirlo al español) Example: 1.The computer … has ………….. (have) a screen. ……………………………………………………… 2. The user … changes …………..(change) the color of the screen. ………………………………………………………

8 E XERCISES : 1. You ……………..(use) the bar menu. …………………………………………………………………………… The computers ……………..(store) the files. …………………………………………………………………………… He ……………..(buy) a new diskette. …………………………………………………………………………… They ……………..(practice) windows in class. …………………………………………………………………………… Viruses ……………..(spread) themselves. …………………………………………………………………………… The dictionary …………… (help) you to translate words. …………………………………………………………………………… The memory …………… (contain) all kind of information. …………………………………………………………………………… The secretary …………… (type) the item. …………………………………………………………………………… Germany …………… (export) machinery.

9 10.Sandra …………… (execute) that program. ……………………………………………………… 11.It …………… (indicate) enter. ……………………………………………………… 12. They …………… (answer) the questions. ……………………………………………………… 13. She …………… (go)to the laboratory. ……………………………………………………… 14. The students …………… (search) the words. ……………………………………………………… 15. He …………… (study) computing at idat institute. ……………………………………………………… 16. Compaq …………… (produce) most computers.

10 (-) in negative (forma negativa) Para la forma negativa de los verbos que no sean be y can se usa el verbo auxiliar do-does y el adverbio not, pero los verbos ya no terminan en s. I do He She does not write, study, etc. Itwe You do they Subject + do does + not + verb + complement don´t doesn´t

11 (?) in interrogative form Para hacer las preguntas con los verbos que no sean be o can, se antepone el auxiliar do does y el verbo no lleva s. Do i he does she write, study, etc …………… ? it we do you they Do/ does + subject + verb + complement + ?

12 ANSWERS I YES, YOU DO OR NO, YOU DO NOT (DON´T) HE YES, HE DOES OR NO, HE DOES NOT (DOESN´T) SHE YES, SHE DOES OR NO, SHE DOES NOT (DO´T) IT YES, IT DOES OR NO, IT DOES NOT (DO´T) WE YES, WE DO OR NO, YOU DO NOT (DON´T) YOU YES, YOU DO OR NO, WE DO NOT (DON´T) THEY YES, THEY DO OR NO, THEY DO NOT (DON´T)

13 EXERCISES I. WRITE THE AUXILIAR (DO-DOES) ESCRIBE EL AUXILIAR (DO-DOES) EXAMPLE: 1. DO……… YOU HAVE A COMPUTER? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. THEY DO……… NOT CLEAN THE MACHINE. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. EXERCISES: 1. ……… HE CHANGE THE INFORMATION? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. THE CPU ……… WORK VERY WELL. ……………………………………………………… 3. ……… SHE DELETE DATA? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. ……… HE SPEND A LOT OF TIME VISTING CUSTOMERS? ……………………………………………………… 5. ICONS ……… NOT PRESENT FILMS. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. YOU ……… NOT MOVED THE POINTER ACROSS THE SCREEN WITH THE KEY. ……………………………………………………… 7. ……… THE SCREEN DISPLAY THE CORRECT WORD? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8. IT ……… DISPLAY DATA ON THE SCREEN. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

14 II. CHANGE TO NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE CAMBIA A NEGATIVO E INTERROGATIVO EXAMPLE : 1. THE COMPUTER HAS CIRCUITS. ………………………………………………………… A MACHINE SOLVES A SERIES OF PROBLEMS. …………………………………………………………....

15 3. THESE COMPUTERS PERFORM MATHEMATICAL AND LOGICAL OPERATIONS ………………………………………………………… THE SYSTEM ANALYST PROVIDES THE PROGRAMMERS. ………………………………………………………………. 5. YOU FIND A MISTAKE. ………………………………………………………………. 6. A SYSTEM IMPLIES A GOOD MIXTURY OF PARTS WORKING TOGETHER. ………………………………………………………………… 7. THE WORDS MEAN THE PROCESSOR AND THE INTERNAL MEMORY. …………………………………………………………………. 8. YOU AND ME BUY A NEW CARTRIDGE. ………………………………………………………………….

16 9.THE PRINTER SHOWS THE RESULTS. …………………………………………………………………………… THE CONTROL UNIT TRANSMITS COORDINATING SIGNALS AND COMMANDS. …………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………….

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