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Los adjetivos Español II. What is an adjective? Describes a noun Examples: tall, short, smart, attractive.

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Presentation on theme: "Los adjetivos Español II. What is an adjective? Describes a noun Examples: tall, short, smart, attractive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Los adjetivos Español II

2 What is an adjective? Describes a noun Examples: tall, short, smart, attractive

3 Spanish adjectives In Spanish, adjectives must agree in… –Gender: Are we describing a masculine or feminine thing? –Number: Are we describing one thing or many things?

4 How to make adjectives agree Step 1: Figure out if you are describing a masculine or feminine noun –Masculine: typically will end in –o –Feminine: typically will end in -a

5 How to make adjectives agree Step 2: Figure out if you are describing one noun or many nouns –One noun: do nothing –Many nouns: add -s for a vowel, add -es for consonants

6 Examples If the adjective normally ends in an –o Masculine, singular: ends in –o Masculine, plural: ends in –os Feminine, singular: ends in –a Feminine, plural: ends in -as Example: Bonito Masculine, singular: bonitoMasculine, plural: bonitos Feminine, singular: bonitaFeminine, plural: bonitas

7 Examples If the adjective normally ends in a vowel other than –o –Both masculine and feminine use the same adjective –To make the adjective plural, add an “s”

8 Examples If the adjective normally ends in a –r Masculine, singular: use the adjective Masculine, plural: ends in –res Feminine, singular: ends in –ra Feminine, plural: ends in -ras Example: conversador Masculine, singular: conversador Masculine, plural: conversadores Feminine, singular: conversadora Feminine, plural: conversadoras

9 How to form a sentence First, you need a subject. Examples: yonosotros / nosotras túvosotros / vosotras él ella Ud. a name ellos ellas Uds. multiple names

10 How to form a sentence Then, you need a verb. The two verbs we use with adjectives are: ser tener

11 Ser Means to be We use it with almost all adjectives. yosoynosotros/as ___ y yo tú y yo somos túeresvosotros/assois él ella Ud. (a name) esellos ellas Uds. (multiple names) son

12 Tener Means to have We use it with eye and hair color. yotengonosotros/as ___ y yo tú y yo tenemos tútienesvosotros/astenéis él ella Ud. (a name) tieneellos ellas Uds. (multiple names) tienen

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