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Painting Unit 3: Landscape

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1 Painting Unit 3: Landscape

2 3 Categories of Art Imitationalism: realistic representations of the environment. (Paint what you see exactly as you see it). Still Life and Landscape are examples of Imitationalism. Formalism: composition focuses on the elements and principles. More abstract looking compositions (ex: focus on line, repetition and movement). Emotionalism: composition evokes distinct emotions from the viewer. Appealing to the viewers feelings.

3 Element of Art: space +/- space Illusion of depth in a painting
Created by incorporating: Foreground Middle ground Background

4 Examples of space/depth

5 Thomas Cole English-born American, 1801 – 1848
View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm—The Oxbow 1836

6 Texture Actual texture: feeling of an object (rough, smooth, etc.)
Simulated Texture: fake texture that is drawn/painted. Texture can also be created through your brushstroke. Impasto: thick physical texture created on the surface of a painting by adding many layers of paint. Impasto can be rough or smooth in texture. Impasto can be created using a palette knife.

7 Palette Knife Tool used for mixing paint as well as building impasto onto the surface of a painting.

8 Example of Palette Knife Painting
Example found at

9 Impasto examples

10 Rough texture Vincent van Gogh, starry night.

11 Principle of Design: proportion
Refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. The issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. Large items appear closer to the viewer; small items look further away. Proportion creates depth.

12 Proportion - scale

13 Proportion continued Perspective is the idea that we create a visual representation of objects as they are seen by the eye. Aerial Perspective: the idea that objects up close to the viewer are larger and more clear. Details are very precise and color is more vivid. The further you go back in space, the fuzzier the outlines become. Color becomes more subtle, subdued, and dull.

14 Aerial Perspective Janet Wimmer

15 Rhythm Rhythm refers to the way your eye moves throughout a picture.
Some pictures allow your eye to flow across the piece smoothly while other pictures have the eye travel abruptly from one object to another. Rhythm in art is created by the repetition of elements.

16 Rhythm Continued

17 To Get Started: 11x14 canvas 1: Outline in vine charcoal
Use Aerial perspective – vivid outlines in foreground, fuzzy/blurry edges in the background 2: Begin building your painting from the background to the foreground. Place sky and horizon line first Then build up the middle ground Lastly, define the foreground. Colors pop, edges are well defined.

18 Tips In order to create a good sense of RHYTHM:
All colors happening everywhere!!! If blues are in the sky, they should be incorporated into the land. If there are oranges in the trees, they should appear in the grass Off-center objects on the canvas to create a more interesting composition/unique BALANCE

19 Tips Continued Runoff Be consistent in your brushstroke. If you have choppy brushstrokes in the grass/land, there should be choppy brushstrokes in the sky. You may choose to recreate a famous artist’s painting and/or style. Imitate the famous artist’s style in your own unique composition or recreate their painting.

20 Impressionism Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists. Their independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s, in spite of harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise). Characteristics: relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.

21 Claude Monet’s Impression, Sunrise

22 Grading Criteria Craftsmanship 10 pts Composition 20 pts
Elements: (color and texture - impasto) 20 pts Space: use of aerial perspective 20 pts Technique (use of palette knife) 20 pts Style (consistency and unique) 10 pts 100 pt Total (12 pt improvement grade)

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