Presentation on theme: "Second Language Acquisition Video series with Dr. Frank Tuzi"— Presentation transcript:
1 Second Language Acquisition Video series with Dr. Frank Tuzi
2 What is SLA? Second Language Acquisition L2 (Second Language – living it)TL (Target Language)FL (Foreign Language – not living it)Library Language – just learning to investigate topics in that languageAuxiliary Language – learned only for a specific purpose (business needs)
3 To ponder in SLA: WHAT does the learner learn? Just language? Other understandings?HOW does the learner learn?Environmental?Formal instruction?Why are some learners more successful than others?Better strategies?More motivated?
4 The field of SLA study involves: LinguisticsPsychology – workings of brainSociolinguists – interactions with othersTheories of SLA integrate these components
5 Multilingual speakers: Knowledge is different (enhanced)Linguistic awareness is higherCognitive processes are better understood
6 Language Learning (L1/LL): The nature of L1 learning is inherentChildren learn with interaction and stimulusIntelligence and the ability to learn L1 are not directly relatedThe rate of L1 learning varies. It does correlate to the critical period.LL requires INPUT but teaching L1 is not necessary for oral communication.
15 Views of the nature of language: Language is complex and multilevelPhonology - soundsMorphology - endingsSemantics - meaningLexis – vocabulary/wordsPragmatics – social contextCompetence vs PerformanceNature vs Nurture
23 Input and Interaction in SLA Input and Interaction in SLA
24 Input and Interaction in SLA Input and Interaction in SLA
25 Input and Interaction in SLA Input and Interaction in SLA
26 Input and Interaction in SLA Input and Interaction in SLA
27 Stephen Krashen We all acquire language the same. Symbolic representation-visuals workWe acquire language when we understand messages – this is comprehensible input in a low anxiety environment.Anything that makes language comprehensible (pictures, knowledge, background) helps.
28 Stephen Krashen Speaking ability emerges gradually. L2 develops in a very similar way as L1listening/input happens firstsilent period is normalorder: words, phrases, sentencesWhat counts in speaking is the input you get from others’ responses.Affective filter: motivation, self-esteem, anxiety (lower is better) affect learning.