English Grammar connection: There are two ways to say the English verb to be in Spanish: ser and estar. You already learned ser
Use estar to indicate location and say how people feel Estar-to be Yo estoyI am Tú estásyou are Él, Ella,Usted estáhe/she is you are Nosotros(as)estamoswe are Ellos, Ellasestánthey are Ustedesyou all are
Use estar with the following words of location Al lado (de) Cerca (de) Debajo(de) Delante (de) Dentro (de) Detras(de) Encima (de) Lejos (de)
Use the word de after the location word when a specific location is mentioned. When de is followed by the word el, they combine to form the contraction del La bibliotecca esta al lado de la cafeteria The library is next to the cafeteria La tiza esta encima del borrador The chalk is on top of the eraser
Estar is also used with adjectives to say how someone feels at a given moment. El maestro esta tranquilo The teacher is calm. Las chicas estan cansadas. The girls are tired.