Presentation on theme: "Industrial transition model Case Slovakia Jaroslav Vokoun Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia – Comparison of industrial transition models Sofia,"— Presentation transcript:
Industrial transition model Case Slovakia Jaroslav Vokoun Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia – Comparison of industrial transition models Sofia, Bulgaria, 6-7 October 2008 Consultative Commission for Industrial Change, EESC
Economic transformation process in Slovakia - dependency on the political cycle - Development in 90’s creation of market economy splitting of Czechoslovakia imbalances (inflation, high interest rate, external imbalance, unemployment etc.) weak reforms strong influence of domestic lobbies preference of domestic entrepreneurs in privatization – „Slovak way“ weak transparency weaker orientation to EU
Development after 1998 new government with new ideas stabilization programs clear orientation to EU, influence of EU creation favorable business environment starts reform process recovery of bad debts in banks and banks privatization to the foreign banks active support of FDI government sold the controlling interest in companies
Selected economic indicators 199219931998199920042005 Real GDP growth (%) -6,5 -3,7 3,70,35,46,1 Balance of export and import (Bill. SKK) -27,3-27,3-89,5-26,0-27,2-49,7 Inflation (%) 10,523,16,710,67,52,7 Unemployment (%) 10,414,415,619,213,111,4 Real wage index 1990=100 78,275,193,690,892,598,2 Source: Statistical office, 2006.
The evolution of industrial policy in 90’s slow changes in the Ministry of economy of the Slovak Republic industrial policy was isolated part of economy policy direct support to the large noncompetitive companies protection of the strategic companies focus on privatization
The evolution of industrial policy after 1998 new government changes policy and makes market oriented reforms the standardization of the industrial policy: influence of a Community action programme to strengthen the competitiveness of European industry (96/413/EC) and Industrial policy in an enlarged Europe (COM(2002) 714 final) gap between ideas and realization of industrial policy (policy is more declarative) active support of FDI
Present targets of industrial policy favorable business environment knowledge transfer, R&D education and skills ICT
The example of a highly successful policy measure FDI support focus on automotive sector, electrical engineering, services (logistic, call centers) support from EU structural funds Positive results: new corporate culture technology transfer employment labour productivity export partial change of economy structure pressure on education system
The example of a less successful policy measure gap between ideas and realization of industrial policy insufficient coordination among different policies general support without focus strategy support of non competitive firms high portion of non-innovative firms in SME national innovation system with a weak links among participants low R&D expenditure strong metal and chemical industries with high energy consumption and significant ecological influence
Summary innovation index and trends (2005) Source: European Innovation Scoreboard, 2006.
Summary innovation index and trends (2007) Source: European Innovation Scoreboard, 2008.