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Unit 6: Scale Factor and Measurement

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1 Unit 6: Scale Factor and Measurement
How will you measure up?

2 Warm-Ups Find the product of x and y In a survey of 150 students, 30% said they drink Dr. Pepper. How many students do not drink Dr. Pepper? What does similar mean? 6x = y = 25 5

3 What am I Learning Today?
Scale Factor and Scale Drawing How will I show that I learned it? Demonstrate the relationship between similar plane figures Read and use map scales Interpret and sketch simple scale drawings Solve problems involving scale drawings

4 What do these things have in common?

5 Vocabulary Scale: The ratio of a set of measurements
Scale factor: The number by which each side of the original object is multiplied to find the corresponding side of the model. Scale drawing: A drawing of a real object that is proportionally smaller or larger than the real object

6 Visualizing Vocabulary
The map shown is a scale drawing. A scale drawing is a drawing of a real object that is proportionally smaller or larger than the real object. In other words, measurements on a scale drawing are in proportion to the measurements of the real object. A scale is a ratio between two sets of measurements. In the map above, the scale is 1 in:100 mi. This ratio means that 1 inch on the map represents 100 miles.

7 The scale factor for Hot
Wheels® cars is 64:1. The scale factor is 4.

8 How do I use scale factor?
Questions Notes Questions Answers What is scale factor? The number used to proportionately enlarge or reduce an object based on the ratio of the length of one pair of corresponding sides. How do I use scale factor? 1) Write a proportion: One ratio should represent the scale and the other should represent the actual measurements. 2) Solve for the missing piece of information

9 The scale on a map is 4 in: 1 mi
The scale on a map is 4 in: 1 mi. On the map, the distance between two towns is 20 in. What is the actual distance? 4 in. 1 mi ____ 20 in. x mi _____ Write a proportion using the scale. Let x be the actual number of miles between the two towns. = The cross products are equal. 1 • 20 = 4 • x 20 = 4x x is multiplied by 4. 20 4 ___ 4x 4 ___ = Divide both sides by 4 to undo multiplication. 5 = x HINT: Think “4 inches is 1 mile, so 20 inches is how many miles?” This approach will help you set up proportions in similar problems. 5 miles

10 Now Try This!! On a map of the Great Lakes, 2 cm = 45 km. Find the actual distance of the following, given their distances on the map. 1. Detroit to Cleveland = 12 cm 2. Duluth to Nipigon = 20 cm 3. Buffalo to Syracuse = 10 cm 4. Sault Ste. Marie to Toronto = 33 cm 270 km 450 km 225 km 742.5 km

11 Is the Statue of Liberty’s nose too long?
Can we assume that the Statue of Liberty is similar in scale to an average person? Would it be true that the lengths of corresponding body parts should have the same ratio? Typically your nose is 1/8 the length of your arm, which is the scale factor.

12 Is the Statue of Liberty’s nose too long?
Using a proportion, determine the length of the Statue of Liberty’s nose if her arm is 42 feet long. nose = Lady Liberty’s nose arm Lady Liberty’s arm Lady Liberty’s nose, if proportionate, should be 5 1/4 feet long. How long is it? 4 1/2 feet long

13 Practice Page 378 Use the floor plan of the house to find the dimensions of the following rooms. Give length and width of each room in feet: Living Room Bedroom #1 Bedroom #2 Bathroom Hall Kitchen Length of house Width of house

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