14 The Cold War Roots of the Cold War: There were essential political differences between the two sides (U.S. and U.S.S.R.)There was a great deal of mistrust after World War IIThe way Europe was divided up after WW II caused an uneasy tension
15 Cold War Terms:Iron Curtain: name for the imaginary dividing line between the Democratic Western European nations and the Communist East European nationsFrom Stettin in the Balticto Trieste in the Adriatican "iron curtain" has descendedacross the Continent.
16 Cold War Terms:Eastern Bloc: the group of nations – that were communist – in Eastern Europe (behind the “Iron Curtain”)
17 Communist “satellites”: Another name for the “Eastern Bloc” nations Countries that were “controlled” by and near the USSRCommunist
18 The 2 Sides USA USSR Totalitarian Republic (communist) Market economy AllianceLeading NationForeign PolicyEconomic SystemType of GovernmentN.A.T.O. (North AtlanticTreaty Organization)The Warsaw PactUSAUSSRContainment – stop thespread of communismMarxism – spreadCommunism through revMarket economyCommand economyTotalitarian(communist)Republic
19 Command Economy “Central Planning” State-control of production, quotas, distribution All economic decisions made by gov’tNO private business only GOV’T ownership
21 Events of the Cold War Marshall Plan / Truman Doctrine: U.S. offered billions of $ to help rebuild European nations after WW2 as long as they were NOT communist
22 Germany should stay weak! Berlin AirliftYou can go,But I’m not leaving!Germany should stay weak!
23 Communists tried a blockade to force the allies out of Berlin (in East Germany) No road travel in or out of West BerlinHelp! We need food! We’re starving!Eventually, I Hope that Allies will just give up West Berlin to the USSR
24 The Allies Air lift supplies to West Berlin for 11 months! No trains or cars?The Allies Air lift suppliesto West Berlin for 11 months!
33 Space Race A race for national pride mostly It began when the Soviets put the first satellite, “Sputnik” into orbit
34 Berlin Wall The wall became the symbol of the Cold War The Communists put up a wall to keep East Berliners from escaping to West Berlin
35 Cuban Missile Crisis The Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba The U.S. ordered the Soviet Union to take them outThe closest the world ever came to nuclear destructionThe Soviet Union backed down and pulled the missiles out
36 Cuban Missile CrisisThe Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba