2 (ELL Assessed annually to determine their proficiency level ) Levels of English Language LearnersLevel 1: Beginning/Pre-productionLevel 2: Beginning ProductionLevel 3: IntermediateLevel 4: Advanced IntermediateLevel 5: AdvancedLevel 6: Fully English proficientLevel 7: Fully English proficient-Never Limited-English Proficient(ELL Assessed annually to determine their proficiency level )Level 1: Beginning/Preproduction –does not understand or speak EnglishLevel 2: Beginning Production-Understands and speaks conversational English-with difficultyLevel 3: Intermediate- Understands and speaks with decreasing difficultyLevel 4: Advanced Intermediate-understands and speaks without apparent difficultyLevel 5: Advanced- Near proficient levelLevel 6: Fully English proficient-formerly LEP
3 Stages of Second Language Acquisition Pre-productionEarly ProductionSpeech EmergenceIntermediate FluencyPre-production-Silent period –ELL may have up to 500 words in their receptive voc. But are not able speakEarly Production=voc words. Speak one-two word phrasesSpeech Emergence – voc. 3,000 words communicate with simple phrases and sentencesIntermediate Fluency-voc. 6,000 words use more complex sentences when speaking and writing
4 ESL Terminology ESL: English as a Second Language ELL: English Language LearnerAlternative Assessment: Any test that is altered in any way for an English Language LearnerBICS: Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills, or social/conversational EnglishCALPS: Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency, or academic EnglishL1: First language or native languageL2: Second languageLEP: limited English Proficient
5 Ideas to Help ELL Students in the Classroom Use the ESL staff as a resource. As a team you can help the ELL student with their learning needs.It is not necessary to talk louder, but it sometimes helps to speak slower.Incorporate the culture and language of the ELL students, both they and the other students will benefit.Be aware of cultural differences.Use gestures and visual aids when you teach.Use graphic organizers and Venn diagrams.Locate yourself close to the ELL student when teaching.Be concise with the information you give to the ELL student to avoid “information overload”.
6 Ideas to Help ELL Students in the Classroom Check for comprehension. ESL students may be able to decode words but not understand what they have read.Use bilingual labels when possible.Phonemic awareness may be challenging for ESL students who have not acquired the English sound system.Integrate reading, writing, speaking and listening in real life contexts.Make a sheet of important vocabulary related to what you are teaching.Label important content words in your classroom.Pair ELL students with a mentor who will help them,Speak conversationally to the student as much as possible.
7 ResourcesDiaz-Rico, L. (2004) Strategies for Teaching English Learners. New York: Pearson Education Inc.Stages of Second Language AcquisitionLanguage TranslatorsGoogle site-limited translations-includes SpanishESL Lesson Plans and ActivitiesOffice of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students (OELA)