[p] pat[b] bat [t] tie[d] die [k] kill[g] gill [f] fat[v] vat [s] sip[z] zip [T] thigh[D] thy [S] dilution[Z] delusion [tS] etch[dZ] edge Voiceless Voiced
liquid r * * In the IPA, [r] is actually a trill like in Spanish “perro”. The IPA symbol for American ‘r’ is [ ], but you can use either symbol since the text uses [r] for American ‘r’. Voicing Value
2) Place Place (of articulation): WHERE in the vocal tract is the constriction being made?
Place Bilabial: w/ both lips [b], [p], [m], [w] Labiodental: w/ lower lip and upper teeth [f], [v] (Inter-)dental: tip of tongue btw. the teeth [T], [D] Alveolar: tongue tip on alveolar ridge [t], [d], [n], [l], [s], [z]
Place (Alveo-)Palatal: w/ tongue at or near hard palate Alveopalatal: [S], [Z], [tS], [dZ] Palatal: [ j ] Velar: w/ tongue at or near soft palate, or velum [k], [g], [N] Glottal: produced at the larynx [/], [h]