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Understanding Food Chapter 26: Pies and Pastries.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Food Chapter 26: Pies and Pastries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Food Chapter 26: Pies and Pastries

2 Types of Pastry All pastries fall into one of two basic types: –Plain pastry –Puff pastry


4 Types of Pastry Plain pastry: Pastry made for producing pie crusts, quiches, and main-dish pies. Puff pastry: A delicate pastry that puffs up in size during baking due to numerous alternating layers of fat and flour.

5 Types of Pastry There are a wide assortment of puff pastry variations, including: –Blitz or quick puff pastry –Strudel –French pastries –Phyllo (fee-low) –Danish pastries –Pâte à choux (pot-a-shoe)

6 Preparation of Pastry Ingredients of Pastry Most pastry flour mixtures usually contain at least four ingredients: –Flour –Fat –Liquid –Salt

7 Preparation of Pastry Tenderness Gluten- concentration and distribution Flakiness Fat –Cold –Plastic, firm Water Temperature

8 Preparation of Pastry



11 Flaky Crust


13 (Continued)


15 Preparation of Pastry F I G U R E 2 6 - 5 Mixing pastry ingredients.


17 Preparation of Pastry

18 Rolling: Both plain and puff pastry dough must be rolled Lamination : The arrangement of alternating layers of fat and flour in rolled pastry dough.

19 Preparation of Pastry For plain pastry, the dough is rolled out in a circle 1 to 2 inches larger than the bottom of the pan.

20 Preparation of Pastry A top crust is placed over the filling using the wedge procedure, or by lifting the wax paper and dough together, gently turning it over onto the filling, and slowly peeling off the wax paper. Streusel topping

21 (For additional suggestions refer to p. 463)


23 Preparation of Pastry To avoid a soggy bottom crust –fully thicken the filling before adding it into the pie shell. –prebake the bottom crust. –Prepare mealy crust.

24 Preparation of Pastry Puff pastry relies on first folding the fat block and dough together before rolling. Repeated folding creates numerous layers of alternating fat and dough. –These numerous folds contribute to the puffing up that occurs when the steam generated during baking forces the layers apart.




28 Preparation of Pastry Baking Whether using a conventional oven, convection oven, or microwave oven –type of pan –temperature –method of testing for doneness –Blind bake : To bake an unfilled pie crust.


30 Storage of Pastry Pastries are best consumed while fresh Pastry doughs freeze up to six months. Unbaked pies will last about four months in the freezer, while baked berry pies can be frozen for six to eight months.

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