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Canada 101 Presented by Don Alper, Program Director and

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1 Canada 101 Presented by Don Alper, Program Director and
Tina Storer, Program Coordinator STUDY CANADA Summer Institute for K-12 Educators Ottawa, ON - July 2, 2012 Jamie- Presentation

2 What do students know about Canada?
North Hockey Polar bears/igloos Long cold winters Maple Leaf Anne of Green Gables Totems What does it mean to be Canadian? “I am Canadian” Commercial Stereotypes The Canadian Identity----Molson Beer Olympic Game: How do we Canadian define ourselves in the eyes of the world- beyond stereotypes and the label “nice” Who are we? What id the Canadian Culture- -


4 Some of these faces may be familiar…
Who can you name? Mattew Perry, Jim Carrey, Barenaked ladies, Kenu Reeves, Avril Lavigne, Pamela Anderson, Mike Meyer (Austin Power), Justin Bieber, Sandra O`, Alanis Morissette, Daniel Reynolds, Celine Dion, Aidan Christophersen = Anakin Skywalker, Star War, William Shatner = Star Trek, ? , Nelly Furtado, Steve Nash (Basket) Hayden Christensen=Anakin Skywalker Steve Nash Larry Walker Joe Sake William Shatner – Star Trek Mattew Perry Barenaked ladies Natalie Furtado Alanis Morisstte Terry Fox- Terrance Stanley "Terry" Fox CC OD, (July 28, 1958 – June 28, 1981) was a Canadian humanitarian, athlete, and cancer research activist. In 1980, with one leg having been amputated, he embarked on a cross-Canada run to raise money and awareness for cancer research. Although the spread of his cancer eventually forced him to end his quest after 143 days and 5,373 kilometres (3,339 mi), and ultimately cost him his life, his efforts resulted in a lasting, worldwide legacy. The annual Terry Fox Run, first held in 1981, has grown to involve millions of participants in over 60 countries and is now the world's largest one-day fundraiser for cancer research; over C$500 million has been raised in his name. Fox was a distance runner and basketball player for his Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, high school and Simon Fraser University. His right leg was amputated in 1977 after he was diagnosed with osteosarcoma, though he continued to run using an artificial leg. He also played wheelchair basketball in Vancouver, winning three national championships. In 1980, he began the Marathon of Hope, a cross-country run to raise money for cancer research. Fox hoped to raise one dollar for each of Canada's 24 million people. He started with little fanfare from St. John's, Newfoundland, in April and ran the equivalent of a full marathon every day. Fox had become a national star by the time he reached Ontario; he made numerous public appearances with businessmen, athletes, and politicians in his efforts to raise money. He was forced to end his run outside of Thunder Bay when the cancer spread to his lungs. His hopes of overcoming the disease and completing his marathon ended when he died nine months later. Fox was the youngest person ever named a Companion of the Order of Canada. He won the 1980 Lou Marsh Award as the nation's top sportsman and was named Canada's Newsmaker of the Year in both 1980 and Considered a national hero, he has had many buildings, roads and parks named in his honour across the country. Florence Nightingale Graham (December 31, 1878 – October 18, 1966), who went by the business name Elizabeth Arden, was a Canadian businesswoman who built a cosmetics empire in the United States. At the peak of her career, she was one of the wealthiest women in the world.

5 …and popular culture may be recognizable (or not)
“Je me souviens” or “I remember” referring to the Conquest of New France in 1759. Québec history is very much tied to North American history. New France and the Thirteen Colonies were founded at the same time – within a year of each other – and yet the Thirteen Colonies had 2 million settlers at the time that Britain conquered New France while New France had only 60,000 settlers. Those 60,000 are the ancestors of the 7 million-plus Québécois today since virtually no more immigrants came from New France after the Conquest. Today the Québec license plate reads, “Je me souviens” or “I

6 The Basics: National Symbols
National Animal? National Anthem? National Sport? National Flag? National Crest? National Language(s)? Oh Canada! The symbols of Canada. – Beaver chosen in Eagles 1782 O Canada proclame hymne national en 1980 Maple Leaf was always liked to Canada history since the 1700’- (1860 incorporated in the military sign-the one cent coin has the maple leaf- During WII maple leaf for the Canadian expeditionary corps - Federally bilingual Cote of arm Only one provice recognize both language The crust of canada and the symbolsim- Union Jack etc…. Flag of Canada Symbols of canada book for help Slide 10: symbol of BC new slides. Hello! / Bonjour!

7 The Basics: Geography 2nd largest country (after Russia)
Canada is larger than the US by the size of Texas Total population approx million Canada has 1/10th the US population–approx. 300 million) 10 Provinces, 3 Territories National Capital: Ottawa Like US states, each province/territory has its own capital as well. Canadian Population (census 2011: 33,476,688) US population: (census 2010: 308,745,538) Canada is 9.22% of US population

8 Just how big is Canada?

9 BIG!…and it has six time zones.
Canada uses six primary time zones. From east to west they are Newfoundland Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone, Eastern Time, Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, and the Pacific Time Zone. Cf Canada Map given by teachers BIG!…and it has six time zones.

10 10 Provinces and 3 Territories


12 The Basics: Our Shared Past
First Peoples European Exploration and Settlement Colonial Past Modern Nations of Immigrants Long-standing and Strong Economic Ties Social Connections – Similar Values and Cultures Nations shaped by War (American Revolution, War of 1812 and American Civil War) Defense Partners (NORAD, NATO, WW I & II, Korea, Afghanistan) Unique border security cooperation & joint law enforcement

13 and Shared Issues Today
Border Security Beef-Cattle Energy-alternative Coal and Gas Carbon sequestration

14 The Basics: Government
Both Canada and the US… are democracies; have a written Constitution; have a Senate; and… US Congress Canadian Parliament

15 BUT… have a Head of Government who appoints members to his Cabinet
(Secretary of Defense / Minister of Defense) President Prime Minister Barack Obama Stephen Harper BUT…

16 Canada is also very different because it...
is a Constitutional Monarchy; Is a member of the British Commonwealth; has a Parliamentary form of government; has the Queen as Head of State (not Prime Minister); has a Governor General who represents the Queen. A person becom PM by being leadr for the party with the greatest number of seats in the House of Commons. Unlike the US Presient, whi is elected by th epeople at large (through the electoral College), the pM is elected only by voters in his own district, like all other members of the House odf Commons. The PM is requires to call an election at least once evry 5 years, and may decide when to do so within that time limit. -The PM selects other elected members from his own party to serve as ministers in the Cabinet. In Canada:each ministers are at the head of a gvt deprtment (Foreign affairs, Finance, Justice, Labour) -In US: their counterpart are Cabinet secretaries who are appointed by President(but do not come form the legislature) Her Majesty, the Queen, Elizabeth II

17 Also, Canadians vote for political parties in elections, not for the Prime Minister (“P.M.”).
Minority government

18 Support for Teaching/Learning More
Two US Department of Education-designated National Resource Centers on Canada in the US offer K-12 education outreach support: 1) Pacific Northwest NRC (WWU and U Washington) 2) Northeast NRC (U Maine and SUNY Plattsburgh) Note: “STUDY CANADA” also benefits from an annual Embassy of Canada Grant (DFAIT, Education Section). Also appreciated are partnerships with the US Embassy in Ottawa, the US Consulate General in Montréal, the Government of Québec, the Université du Québec à Montréal, the Canada-America Society of Washington, Harper Collins Publishers and all exhibitors at the STUDY CANADA Resource Fair.

19 As do Consulates of Canada across the US….
13 Consulate General across the US Embassy: WSHDC Denver covers 4 territories

20 There is so much more you will learn this week.
Feel free to add to this PowerPoint, as needed, for your own classroom use. Please let us know your questions/concerns as your knowledge of Canada grows. Thank you for your interest in teaching Canada. Merci!

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