Presentation on theme: "Cultural Awareness In Youth Exchange Dennis White"— Presentation transcript:
1Cultural Awareness In Youth Exchange Dennis White firstname.lastname@example.org
2This presentation may be found at When viewed on line, clicking on any of the underlined hyperlinks will take the viewer to additional articles, presentations and resources.
3Historical Cross-Cultural Travelers: Marco Polo Christopher Columbus Mark Twain
4“You can’t trust your eyes if your mind is out of focus.” Mark Twain
5Confronting Ethnocentrism in literature and Film Robinson Crusoe Huck Finn Michener’s Hawaii The Poisonwood Bible
6Some Films That Present Differences in Cultural Values.doc People can learn to look for issues in crossing cultures in popular filmsSome Films That Present Differences in Cultural Values.doc
7Some Films That Present Differences in Cultural Values.doc Dances With WolvesSome Films That Present Differences in Cultural Values.doc
8The history of crossing cultures has been the history of confronting differences
9Research suggests that the path to preparing culturally competent individuals involves both (a) Area Studies. Language, cultural customs, etc.(b) Theoretical Orientation to Culture, including simulations and roleplays.
10Both are useful. But there are disadvantages to a. It’s hard to find enough experts.Within any national culture are many sub cultures.All cultures are dynamic and constantly changing.
12Culture is learned behavior, not hereditary or genetic.Culture is the acquired knowledge(not indigenous or instinctual) thatgroups use in order to interpret theworld around them, to generate social behavior, and to decipher the behaviorof others.
13Culture is everything that is not a part of nature.As an example, a tree is part of the natural world whereas a wooden chair, made from the tree, is part of the multiple inventions and manifestations of culture.
22Ethnocentrism:The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct.
23Native American/First Canadian terms for themselves: Human Beings The Mediterranean Sea“China” means “middle earth”In Ecuador, the monument at the equator is roughly translated as “The middle of the world”
24Ethnorelativism:The acquired ability to see many values, beliefs and behaviors as cultural rather than universal.
25dev interc sensit non Rotary.ppt Developing Intercultural SensitivityThe Experience of DifferenceAcceptance Adaptation IntegrationDenial Defense MinimizationEthnocentric StagesEthnorelative Stagesdev interc sensit non Rotary.ppt One World or Many.doc
26Ethnocentrism to Ethnorelativism Developing cultural sensitivity and competence requires moving fromEthnocentrism to Ethnorelativism
27“The world in which you were born is just one model of reality “The world in which you were born is just one model of reality. Other cultures are not failed attempts at being like you. They are unique manifestations of the human spirit ”.Wade Davis
28DefensivenessRecognizing a cultural practice as different but labeling it wrong or inferior.Or, by labeling one’s own practice superior.
29Our own culture, or sub-culture, comes to us as naturally and unconsciously as our handedness. We generally don’t think about what hand we will use to write our names Changing our cultural point of view is about as hard as changing our handedness. Both are possible, but neither is easy. .
30More easily perceived differences, in language, food, dress, etc More easily perceived differences, in language, food, dress, etc., may obscure deeper, more subtle differences in values and thinking patterns.
31Unconscious beliefs and values The Cultural IcebergConscious behaviors1/8th above the surfaceUnconscious beliefs and values7/8ths below the surface
38Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock Presentation.ppt The profound sense of disorientation and discomfort that comes with extended travel or living in a foreign culture markedly different from one’s own.Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock Presentation.pptCulture Shock.doc
39Stages of Culture Shock Initial excitementIrritability and negativenessGradual adaptationBiculturalismCulture Shock.doc
40“Some travelers want to go to foreign places but are dismayed when the places turn out actually to be foreign.” Canadian author Margaret Atwood
41Culture Shock Cycle Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls Rotary Youth ExchangeCulture Shock CycleMonthsPre-DepartureReturn …...Normal Level of FeelingsAdapted from a model by Robert Kohls
42Reverse Culture ShockInitial Euphoria (may be very brief or not happen at all)Irritability and Negativism ( may be very lengthy)Gradual AdaptationTrue Bi-CulturalismGoing Home.docSo You Think You're Home Now.doc
43Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock are not just unpleasant side effects of international living.They are the necessary ingredients that bring about quality exchanges.
47The Value of Simulations, Games and Related Exercises What they all offer is for participants to simulate the experience of intercultural interaction, including the uncertainty, frustration, and related emotions that arise.Games, Simulations and Other Learning Exercises.ppt
48The Value of Simulations, Games and Related Exercises These exercises are only as valuable as the discussion that follows – where behavioral observations, feelings and learning points are discussedGames, Simulations and Other Learning Exercises.ppt
49Examples:Broken SquaresBuild A TowerBarngaBafa Bafa
50dev interc sensit non Rotary.ppt Developing Intercultural SensitivityThe Experience of DifferenceAcceptance Adaptation IntegrationDenial Defense MinimizationEthnocentric StagesEthnorelative Stagesdev interc sensit non Rotary.ppt One World or Many.doc
51The Theoretical Frameworks: The concept of Culture as a way of perceiving reality.The Experience of Difference Continuum.Dimensions of Culture.Stages of Culture Shock.
52SHARON: So, Maria, your sister will be graduating in May. Near the Family SHARON: So, Maria, your sister will be graduating in May.MARIA: Yes she is very happy.SHARON: Does she have a job lined up?MARIA: Yes. She’ll be working for the Central Bank.SHARON: Good for her. Has she found a place to live yet?MARIA: Actually, the bank is very near my parents‘ place.SHARON: That's nice. So she’ll be living quite near them.
53Dennis White, Ph.D.207 S. 4th AvenueSturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, USATelephone:Fax: