Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14, Section 3. The 17 th century in Europe is sometimes called the “Age of Absolutism.” “Absolute monarchy or absolutism meant that the sovereign."— Presentation transcript:
The 17 th century in Europe is sometimes called the “Age of Absolutism.” “Absolute monarchy or absolutism meant that the sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right” (Spiel.4thEd. 427). The king rules alone. There is no Congress or Parliament. Even the Church is under the king’s authority. In this time period, the idea of the state emerges. The king is no longer a protector and leader of his people; the king rules over the people and the people are his subjects who serve him. France was the first absolutist state and it served as a model for other European countries.
“L’État c'est moi.” = I am the state. Called himself the Sun King Supporter of the arts: had his portrait painted often Built the new French capital at Versailles Revoked the Edict of Nantes Fought in the War of Spanish Succession
Wanted to make Russia like western European countries He forced Russian nobles to shave their beards. Interrogated his son for plotting against him His son died from being tortured. Sought to expand Russia to the North and South— that way it would have access to water and could build up a navy Built a new capital at St. Petersburg
“The Great Elector” from Prussia Germany and Italy are still the Holy Roman Empire Prussia emerging as a major power among the German states Electors from each state voted for the Holy Roman Emperor Builds an efficient and well-disciplined standing army Frederick William manages to rebuild Protestant Prussia after the 30 Years’ War
Baldwin, Richard. "AGE OF ABSOLUTISM." Gulf Coast Community College. Web. 01 May 2014.