Presentation on theme: "Biased Price Signals and Reaction of Bidders in Vickrey Auction IPOs Aytekin Ertan December 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Biased Price Signals and Reaction of Bidders in Vickrey Auction IPOs Aytekin Ertan December 2009
Background Auction: – Uniform price sealed bid auction – Common value, public and biased signals Winner’s Curse: – Lower performance than equilibrium predictions – Common value & bounded rationality, RNNE IPO: – Three parties: Issuer Underwriter Investors – Auction IPOs are not quite in practice now
*Motivation and Research Questions* Effects of misleading information and learning 1.How do biased noisy signals affect the bidders’ behaviors in n th (6 th ) price sealed bid auctions? 2.To what extent do winner’s curse and free riding exist and -more importantly- persist in such settings? 3.Is detecting and overcoming unfavorable signals possible by learning? 4.Do auction IPOs necessarily fail? In a common value Vickrey auction based IPO setting with three different public and biased signals, how do the investors modify their bids when they are continuously informed by their and underwriters’ performance?
Experimental Setup True values of stocks are normally distributed, but proposed to participants with biased signals (means are: U1: 0.95*TV, U2: 1.05*TV, U3: 1.15*TV) (variances are equal) Underwriters’ proposals depend on only true value, they are independent from the previous or forthcoming rounds Among 22 bidders, first five bidders win the auction and their profit (per share) is (TV - 6 th price) 12 periods and 3 underwriters (36 rounds) Step 1: – Bidder is informed about the performance of the corresponding underwriter last round – Bidder see the price proposed by underwriter 1, 2 or 3 – (S)he bids Step 2: – Bids are ranked, transaction is realized and results are disclosed to all participants
Summary of Findings Average deviations support general learning but profits are not some bidders became more conservative but some kept bidding high Winner’s curse arose and persisted in these auctions We cannot see positive returns even after considerably high losses Greed is the reason A significant amount of participants stated in the exit survey that they realized the differences among signals However some of them also emphasized they kept bidding high in order to win the bid thinking the others will bid low (after learning) and that IPO would be profitable – free riding
Concluding Thoughts Findings support the existence and persistence of winner’s curse in (6 th price) Vickrey auctions in spite of some mitigation The free rider problem and the winner's curse impede price discovery and thus discourage investors from participating in auctions Results are consistent with the argument stating that auction IPOs are not favorable by investors Biased price signals have more to investigate – Hurting hurt more than helping helped (UW1 vs. UW2) – Bias and speed are positively associated (UW2 vs. UW3)
Potential Improvements & Comments Certainly, running the experiment for more periods is crucial for observing the learning in the setting Distinction among underwriters can be emphasized more (even more differences in signals and/or assigning colors) History information can be clearer and comprehensive?? o Number of winners might be random (k th price auction) o A more basic setting may be used (basic trade instead of IPO) or different IPO methods can be tested o Uniformly distributed random variables may be used o Bias of signals could be constant or dynamic o Private signals or asymmetric information might be used Your comments?