Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire In this lesson, students will be able to identify significant characteristics of the Byzantine Empire. Students will be able to identify."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Byzantine EmpireIn this lesson, students will be able to identify significant characteristics of the Byzantine Empire.Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms:Eastern Roman EmpireOrthodox ChristianityByzantine Influence on Russia
2 The Byzantine Empire was formerly the Eastern Roman Empire.
3 The Eastern Roman Empire The Western Roman Empire fell in 476 A.D.However, the eastern portion of the empire survived. It began the Byzantine Empire.The Byzantine Empire survived for one thousand years after the fall of Rome.
4 The Byzantine Empire survived for one thousand years after the fall of Rome.
5 A Natural Location for Trade The Byzantine Empire was located between Europe and Asia.It was a natural location for trade.The Byzantine Empire became wealthy from trade.
7 Orthodox Christianity The Byzantines developed their own form of Christianity, Orthodox Christianity.Greek is the official language of the Orthodox Christian Church.Orthodox Christians do not recognize the Pope in Rome as their leader.
8 In 1054 A.D., the Orthodox Christian Church officially split from the RomanCatholic Church in the Great Schism.
9 The Hagia Sophia was a Byzantine Church and an architectural marvel.
10 Byzantine Influence on Russia The Byzantine Empire greatly influenced Russia.Byzantine missionaries established Orthodox Christian churches in Russia.Byzantine missionaries even created an alphabet, the Cyrillic alphabet, to write the Bible in Russian.
11 Do you see the Byzantine influence in this Russian Orthodox Church?
12 Justinian Byzantine Emperors held absolute power. The Byzantine Emperor, Justinian, collected all Roman written laws.The Code of Justinian is a collection of Roman written law.
13 Justinian was a Byzantine Emperor. He ordered the collection of Roman law.
14 Questions for Reflection: What became of the Eastern Roman Empire with the fall of Rome in 476 A.D.?Why was the Byzantine Empire able to prosper from trade?How did the Orthodox Christian Church differ from the Roman Catholic Church?Who was Justinian and what did he do?What was the Hagia Sophia?
15 The Five Pillars of the Faith IslamIn this lesson, students will be able to identify characteristics of Islam.Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms:MuhammadThe Five Pillars of the FaithMuslim (Moslem)Koran (Qu’ran)
16 Saudi Arabiais a countryin the MiddleEast. It is alsothe birthplaceof the worldreligion, Islam.
17 Muhammad Muhammad was born in Mecca, Arabia. He became involved in the Arabian caravan trade.He eventually married a wealthy widow and spent many hours meditating and praying in the caves around Mecca.
18 Muhammad wasa religious man.He frequentlymeditated andprayed in thecaves aroundMecca.
19 One day,Muhammadbelievedthat Godspoke to himthroughan angel.
20 By the 600s A.D.,a new religionwas founded.The religion of Islamis based on therevelations ofthe ProphetMuhammad.
21 MonotheismMuhammad believed that the one, true God had spoken to him. Muhammad became a monotheist.Muhammad believed that the God who spoke to him was the same God of the Jews and Christians.Muhammad believed that he was the Seal of the Prophets or God’s final prophet.
22 The Koran orQu’ran is theholy book ofIslam. Muslimsor Moslems(the followers ofIslam) believethat the wordsof the Koran areGod’s words toMuhammad.
23 At one point, Muhammad and his followers had to flee Mecca and go to Medina. Thisis called the Hegira or Hijra.
24 The Five Pillars of the Faith The Five Pillars of the Faith are five critical beliefs or actions for Muslims or followers of Muhammad.The Five Pillars are:To believe in One GodTo Pray Five Times a Day Facing MeccaTo Give Alms or Charity to the PoorTo Fast During the Month of Ramadan from Sunrise to SunsetTo Make a Pilgrimage to Mecca if Able
27 The religion of Islam allows a man to marry four wives. It allows polygamy.
28 Questions for Reflection: Who was Muhammad?What is the Koran?List the Five Pillars of the Faith.Who is a Muslim and what are Muslims forbidden to do?What was the Hegira?What do Jews, Christians, and Muslims have in common?
29 The Golden Age of Islamic Culture In this lesson, students will be able to identify characteristics of the Islamic golden age.Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms:Golden AgeIslamic Advances in Science and MathematicsMosquesGeometric Designs
30 A golden age is a time of peace, prosperity, and great cultural achievements.
31 Golden AgeMany cultures experienced golden ages, including the Greeks and Guptas.A golden age is a time of peace, prosperity, and great cultural achievements.An Islamic golden age occurred during the Abbasid dynasty (8th century to 13th century).
32 Islam spread through conquest and trade. The Abbasid dynasty ruled a vast empire.
33 The Islamic Golden Age The Muslims experienced a golden age. During the Islamic golden age, there were great advances in mathematics, medicine, architecture, and the arts.It is important to remember that under the Abbasids, Islam became a blending of many cultures leading to great achievements.
34 Muhammad forbade making images of God or people. Islamic artists frequently usedgeometric designs in their works ofart.
35 Muslim rulers built beautiful mosques. A mosque is an Islamic house of worship.
39 While much of Islamic literature was based on the Qur’an, stories like Aladdin werepopular too.
40 The vast Abbasid trading network encouraged cultural diffusion.
41 Questions for Reflection: What is a golden age?List three cultures that experienced golden ages.Why did Islamic civilization experience a golden age?What is a mosque?List two advances in mathematics and science that occurred during the Islamic golden age.Why did Islamic artists rely on geometric designs?