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Published byErick Morris Modified over 8 years ago
IT usage for indirect exports by SMEs in Vietnam Ngo Quang Hung Vietnam
Agenda Vietnamese Enterprises: a Snapshot IT for Indirect Export by SMEs Case study: the Textile and Apparel Industry Case study: the Tourism Industry
Part 1: Enterprises in Vietnam: a snapshot
Vietnam economic sectors
Enterprises in Vietnam, a snapshot
SMEs in Vietnam Boom after the Enterprise Law was issued in 1999 SMEs as specified in Government Decree No.91/2001/CP-ND registered capital = < VND 10 billion (USD 650,000) or annual average number of employees =< 300 people As of 2003: 132,000 SMEs, accounting for 96% of enterprises in Vietnam
SMEs share of Vietnam economy:
Part 2: IT for indirect export of SMEs
SME and IT applications 60%-70% of SMEs have no fax machines nor computers Of the SMEs that have Internet connection, 48% use it only for emailing and 33% for non- business purposes. By 2004, 5000 enterprises have their own websites < 50% of websites owners are SMEs
SMEs and export activities Export revenue accounts for 16% of total sales of SMEs 14% of SMEs engage in export activities (both direct and indirect) Low production capacity and limited access to foreign market -> mostly export through indirect channel, in partnership with large enterprises -> in some cases, SMEs form a horizontal cluster
Industries with substantial indirect export elements Textile and garment Footware Handicrafts Agriculture products Electronic goods Cars and automobiles Tourism
Part 3: The textile and garment industry
Characteristics of the industry Export – oriented: $ 2,752 mil, 16.5% total export value of Vietnam in 2003
Characteristics of the industry Highly fragmented YarnFabricGarment Accessories & other State-owned426913960 Private173329965 FDI & joint venture 407622125 Total99178659150 A few major enterprises (30 - 40) dominate the textile export market Significant technology gap between large corporations and SMEs
IT usage for export Low use of IT in vertical integration of the supply chain Low use of IT to promote export Exhibitions and missions are main channels to establish business relations, the Internet is scarcely used to this end Decentralized efforts by individual companies to tap export markets
IT usage for export (cont) A national portal for textile and apparel transactions is under construction by the Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association (VITAS), Scheduled to be up and running by the end of 2004, for pilot test with 20 major enterprises Scheduled to be up and running by the end of 2004, for pilot test with 20 major enterprises Scheduled to be in full operation by 2006, with participation of all VITAS members Scheduled to be in full operation by 2006, with participation of all VITAS members
Problems for SMEs in introducing and utilizing IT High cost of IT applications vs. tight profit margin of the textile industry and low capital flows of SMEs. Lack of skills and limited training budget Lack of awareness of the benefits IT would bring Lack of an appropriate business model to efficiently utilize IT in supply chain management
Part 4: The tourism Industry
The industry: some statistics 1998199920002001 Number of tourist enterprises 324355386392 Number of hotels and dwelling establishments 369402400418 Turnover of services (Billion VND) 1,6791,5691,9752,272 - Room for rent604578684821 - Travel, transportation802650866983 - Other services273341425468 Turnover of alimentation (Billion VND) 613681714847 Others (Billion VND)174157128140
Portion of SMEs in the hotel network CityTotalSMEs% Hochiminh36732688.8 Ha Noi 31427587.5 Nha Trang 696086.9 Hue292379.3 Da Lat 241979.1 Vung Tau 433683.7 Ha Long 161381.2 Sapa - Lao Cai 10990 Can Tho 11654.5 Da Nang 473880.8 Hai Phong 464393.4 Chau Doc 151386.6
Some characteristics of the cluster 89% members of the hotel network are SMEs, Only 3% of these SMEs have their own websites 72% have computers 63% have Internet, mostly for emailing Major marketing channel: through travel agents 81% see bookingvietnam as the single place for their Internet presence.
Most of the small and medium hotels already have computers and use them for business purposes Limited use of IT to generate direct export Increasing role of IT in communication with the travel agents -> facilitate business transactions IT application as the base of SMEs cluster -> broaden clients’ choice, improve competitiveness of the industry, and facilitate export of SMEs IT usage by SMEs in the cluster
IT usage in booking procedure Client/Agent Booking Vietnam Client/Agent's booking request is sent to Booking Vietnam via BookingVietnam.com Booking Cart, BookingVietnam sends to the Client/Agent a service agreement. The Client/Agent signs the service agreement and sends to BookingVietnam via e-mail or fax a copy of the service agreement and a copy of the bank receipt that proves the deposit has been executed. Upon all required documents are received by BookingVietnam, BookingVietnam sends to the Client/Agent a confirmation via e-mail or fax BookingVietnam then emails or fax the booking form to the member hotel Member hotel confirms with Booking Vietnam (by phone, fax, emails) Member Hotel
Problems for SMEs in utilizing IT Technology involved: not complicated and available at affordable price Space for improvement: use of IT for full integration of business transactions Automatic feedback system between the hotel and bookingvietnam Automatic feedback system between the hotel and bookingvietnam Introduction of EDI form to transmit booking details from bookingvietnam to the hotel Introduction of EDI form to transmit booking details from bookingvietnam to the hotel Integration of the online transmitted form and the internal room management system Integration of the online transmitted form and the internal room management system
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