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Created and Presented by Ms. Vazquez September 1, 2009 Somerset Academy.

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1 Created and Presented by Ms. Vazquez September 1, 2009 Somerset Academy


3 Types of Poems Lyric Lyric : any fairly short poem expressing the personal mood, feeling, or meditation of a single speaker. Ode: Ode: an elaborately formal poem often in the form a lengthy ceremonious address to a person or abstract entity. It is always serious and elevated in tone. Epic Poem: Epic Poem: long, serious poems that tell the story of a heroic figure.

4 Dramatic Monologues A type of poem in which a speaker addresses an internal listener or the reader. Often the speaker includes details reflecting the listerner’s nonverbal responses. ** Many times much more is revealed about the speaker than about what he or she is talking about. Examples: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock by T.S. Eliot and My Last Duchess by Robert Browning.

5 Think / Pair / Share Think about some examples of Odes, Epic Poems, and/or Lyrical poems you have read in the past. Pair up with the person next to you. Discuss for two minutes. Share with the class.

6 Pastoral Poetry Poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealized way. Celebrates the innocent life of shepherds. Carpe Diem Carpe Diem : Latin expression that means "seize the day." Carpe diem is a theme in poetry that promotes living for today. Read “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” by Christopher Marlowe. Is this a pastoral poem? Discuss. Does it have a Carpe Diem theme? Discuss


8 Homework Due Monday 8/26 Alfred Lord Tennyson was a famous Victorian writer who wrote a famous elegy. Research and summarize the reason as to why he wrote the elegy and for whom he wrote it. Also, identify some of the themes he incorporates in his poem. One page, typed, double spaced, MLA Format.

9 “Tennyson’s great experimental poem reconceives the traditional elegy, which it blends with other genres, including ordinary lyric, epic, dream vision, landscape meditations, dramatic monologues, and so on.” -George P. Landaw The Victorian Web

10 Sestina In a traditional Sestina: The lines are grouped into six sestets and a concluding tercet. How many lines does a Sestina have? The six words that end each of the lines of the first stanza are repeated in a different order at the end of lines in each of the subsequent five stanzas. The repeated words are unrhymed. The first line of each sestet after the first ends with the same word as the one that ended the last line of the sestet before it. In the closing tercet, each of the six words are used, with one in the middle of each line and one at the end. The pattern of word-repetition is as follows, where the words that end the lines of the first sestet are represented by the numbers "1 2 3 4 5 6":

11 Sonnets English Sonnets (Shakespearean): English Sonnets (Shakespearean): Three quatrains and a couplet, rhymed ababcdcdefefgg. Italian Sonnets (Petrarchan): Italian Sonnets (Petrarchan): 8 line octave of two quatrains, rhymed abbaabba, followed by a six line sestet usually rhymed cdecde or cdcdcd.

12 On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer by John Keats Pg. 728 Much have I travell’d in the realms of gold And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; Round many western islands have I been Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold. Oft of one wide expanse had I been told That deep-brow’d Homer ruled as his demesne; Yet did I never breathe its pure serene Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold: Then felt I like some watcher of the skies When a new planet swims into his ken; Or like stout Cortez when with eagle eyes He star’d at the Pacific—and all his men Look’d at each other with a wild surmise— Silent, upon a peak in Darien.

13 Class Assignment: Compose your own modernized Italian Sonnet and include the theme of discovery and epiphany. Consider an author, artist, musician, actor, etc. whom you recently discovered and who inspires you with his/her art, music, writing, etc. Be sure to write abiding by the Italian sonnet rhyme scheme, length, and syllables per line.

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