Presentation on theme: "Greek Mythology and Literature"— Presentation transcript:
1 Greek Mythology and Literature Key TermsmythologyHomerSapphoAesopfables
2 Mythology Ancient Greeks were polytheistic. A body of stories about gods and heroes that tries to explain how the world works is called mythology.
3 Greek GodsGreeks believed gods caused natural events and made the world go ‘round.They created myths to explain these events and the gods’ actions.ApolloZeusPoseidonHermes
4 What about Hephaestus’ picture lets us know it’s him? Hephaestus (hi-FES-tuhs) was the reason for volcanic eruptions.He lived underground and made weapons and armor for other gods.When volcanoes would spit lava, it was said to be from his underground forge where he made the materials.
5 Demeter Demeter’s daughter was kidnapped. The kidnapper allowed Demeter to see her daughter every six months.During the six months without her daughter it would be winter in Greece.The other six months would be summer.
6 The Oracle of DelphiThe Greeksbuilt greattempleshonoringtheir gods.When the Greeks needed advice, they traveled to Delphi in search of answers.The oracle of Delphi was a female priest of Apollo who they thought the gods gave answers.Leaders asked the oracle how to rule.In returnfor therespect, Greeksexpectedhelp.
7 Heroes and MythologyTheseusslayed theminotaur.Not all myths were about gods, but rather about heroes from different city-states.Some heroes were real people. Other heroes were fictional.Heroes had special abilities or fought terrible monsters.Hercules is themostfamous of Greekheroes. He slayedthe hydra, a hugesnake with nineheads.
8 Ancient Greek Literature Homer’s poemswere memorizedby Greeks and areseen as some of thegreatest worksof literature ever!Ancient Greek LiteratureThe Illiad tells the story of the Trojan War andAchilles, the greatest of all Greek warriors.Greeks created great works of literature.A poet named Homer wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey.Both describe great deeds performed by heroes.The Odyssey describes the challenges Odysseus facedreturning home from war. He faced monsters, magicians,and angry gods.
9 Today, the words of songs are called lyrics after these Greek poets. Lyric PoetryOther poets wrote poetry that were set to music called lyres after the instruments played while the words were recited.The most popular poet who wrote lyres was Sappho (SAF-oh).Sappho was a woman who wrote poems about love and relationships.Today, the words of songs are called lyrics after these Greek poets.
10 Fables Other writing was done to teach lessons. Characters infables areusuallyanimals.FablesOther writing was done to teach lessons.Aesop (EE-sop) is famous for fables, short stories that teach the reader lessons or give advice.Examples of Aesop’s fables are “The Ants and the Grasshopper,” “The Tortoise and the Hare,” and “The Boy Who Cried Wolf.”
11 Greeks Influence Language Europe isnamed aftera Greek princess,Europa.The AtlasMountainsare namedafter thegiant Atlas.Greeks Influence LanguageMany words we use today come from ancient Greece.Some include:*titanic - something large and powerful. Named for Titans, large, powerful gods.*odyssey - a long journey after Odysseus and the journey he took in the “Odyssey.”Although people no longer believe in Greek gods, their influence can be seenall around us in movies, sporting events, and in art galleries.