3 The Powder Keg of Europe: The Balkan Region The Balkan region had many ethnic minoritiesNationalism in Balkan countries who wanted to gain independence from Ottoman Empire (late 1800s they did = more nationalism)Austria-Hungary and Russia were also looking to claim Balkan territory
5 The Annexation of Bosnia Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia in 1908Bosnia was populated with Serbs and Slavic peoplesThis angered the country of Serbia, who longed to unite Serb and Slavic peoples togetherRussia also angered (Russia supported Serbia and wanted to gain Bosnia to unite Slavic people too)
6 Assassination in Sarajevo June 28, 1914, Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, toured Bosnian capital of SarajevoSerbian nationalist group the Black Hand plotted to assassinate the Archduke during his visitFirst attempt failed as the Archduke’s motorcade passed through the citySecond attempt = success as the Archduke and his wife were shot by Black Hand member Gavrilo Princip
7 The Domino Effect of Alliances Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for assassinationAustria-Hungary looked to Germany for supportGermany gave Austria-Hungary a “blank check” encouraging war with SerbiaAustria-Hungary gave Serbia an ultimatum, which Serbia partially acceptedNot satisfied, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914
8 The Domino Effect of Alliances Russia pledged to support Serbia, began to mobilize on July 30, 1914Threatened by Russian mobilization, Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914France pledged to support its ally Russia, began to mobilizeThreatened by French mobilization, Germany declared war on France on August 3, 1914 and activated Schlieffen Plan
9 The Schlieffen PlanIf Germany had to fight a two-front war, Germany would attack France then RussiaGermany wanted to pass through BelgiumBelgium was a neutral territory
10 The Domino Effect of Alliances Britain had a long-standing alliance with Belgium and declared war on Germany on August 4, 1914EUROPE WAS AT WAR!
11 New Alliances FormedAllied Powers: Great Britain, Russia, France, ItalyCentral Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
12 Boyz in da Hood: A Gangsta Metaphor for World War I Read along as I read it aloud.Identify sentences from the story that show examples of the MAIN causes of World War I.For each sentence you find, underline it and number it with the corresponding number on the table.Give an explanation of why the sentence relates to the cause you chose.
13 How did one assassination spark WWI? The assassination of the Archduke triggered achain of events which moved the world into war.In your groups, analyze the news headings.Each news heading represents the stages of how each country entered the war.Place the news headings in the correct order.Once all of the headings are in the correct order, glue them to your paper.You will have 6 minutes 58 seconds. GO!