Presentation on theme: "What was the spark that starts WWI ?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What was the spark that starts WWI ? CRISIS IN THE BALKANSWhat was the spark that starts WWI ?
2 Powder Keg of Europe1800s: Most of the Balkans in S. Europe was controlled by OttomansAustria-Hungary controlled rest incl. Bosnia (Northern Balkans)1910: most countries in Balkans won their independence (during era of Nationalism) from the declining Ottoman EmpireNo way!Serbia wants to unite all Slavic- speaking Balkan countries into one nationRussia, who was also Slavic speaking supports SerbiaFearing revolutions in their other territories Austria-Hungary opposes Serbia
3 1908: Austria-Hungary officially annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina, to prevent these areas from joining with SerbiaSerbs vow to take these areas away from A-HA-H vows to crush any Serbian effort to take this territoryDespite warnings that Bosnia is a “powder keg”, the Austrian Archduke visits SarajevoJune 28th, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia are assassinated in Sarajevo, BosniaThey are killed by a Serbian Nationalist named Gavrilo PrincipPrincip was a member of an underground nationalist group called Black HandArchduke Franz Ferdinand Hapsburg arrives in Sarajevo, Bosnia
4 PRINCIP CAUGHT! Black Hand Franz Ferdinand’s Funeral WAR! Since the assassin is Serbian, A-H wanted to punish SerbiaA-H presents a list of demands to Serbia, Serbia agrees to mostA-H did not want negotiate further & declares war on SerbiaRussia, an ally of Serbia begin mobilizing troopsBritain, Italy & Germany ask Austria-Hungary & Russia to negotiateNo negotiations! Because of alliance treaties most of Europe will be dragged into the Great War!