2 Moral Leadership “Wrong is wrong, no mater who does it or says it.” “Have the Courage to stand up for your values”Malcolm X
3 TOP THREE THINGS FOLLOWERS WANT FROM THEIR LEADERS 1)_____________________2)_____________________3) _____________________
4 “Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds. The mediocre mind is incapable of understanding the man who refuses to bow blindly to conventional prejudices and chooses instead to express his opinions COURAGEOUSLY and honestly.” ~Albert EinsteinMalcolm X
5 Unethical vrs Ethical Leadership Moral Leadership –Is about distinguishing right from wrong and doing right, seeking the just, the honest, the good, and the right conduct in achieving goals and attaining your VISION.
6 Unethical Leadership Leader sets the tone Selfish greed 82% of CEOs said they lied about their golf scoresDisrespect othersTake credit for successes but blame others for failuresDo not speak up when things are wrong
7 Ex. 6.1 Comparing Unethical Versus Ethical Leadership The Unethical LeaderIs arrogant and self-servingExcessively promotes self-interestPractices deceptionBreaches agreementsDeals unfairlyShifts blame to othersDiminishes others’ dignityNeglects follower developmentWithholds help and supportLacks courage to confront unjust actsThe Ethical LeaderPossesses humilityMaintains concern for the greater goodIs honest and straightforwardFulfills commitmentsStrives for fairnessTakes responsibilityShows respect for each individualEncourages and develops othersServes othersShows courage to stand up for what is right
8 Ex. 6.2 How to Act Like a Moral Leader Develop, articulate, and uphold high moral principles.Focus on what is right for the organization as well as all the people involved.Set the example you want others to live by.Be honest with yourself and others.Drive out fear and eliminate undiscussables.Establish and communicate ethics policies.Develop a backbone – show zero tolerance for ethical violations.Reward ethical conduct.Treat everyone with fairness, dignity, and respect, from the lowest to the highest level of the organization.Do the right thing in both your private and professional life – even when no one is looking.
9 Moral LeadershipDistinguishing right from wrong and doing right; seeking the just, honest, and good in the practice of leadership
10 Ex. 6.4 Three Levels of Personal Moral Development PostconventionalFollows internalized universal principles of justice and right. Balances concern for self with concern for others and the common good. Acts in an independent and ethical manner regardless of expectations of others.Level 2: ConventionalLives up to expectations of others. Fulfills duties and obligations of social system. Upholds laws.Level 1:PreconventionalFollows rules to avoid punishment. Acts in own interest. Blind obedience to authority for its own sake.
15 “It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead….”Robert Greenleaf
16 Servant LeadershipLeadership in which the leader transcends self-interest to serve the needs of others, help others grow, and provide opportunities for others to gain materially and emotionally
17 Servant Leadership Put service to others before your own interests Listen firstBe trustworthyEncourage others and help them achive their goals
18 THE TRUE LEADER“Leadership has strong ethical overtones, with the central premise being that true leadership is service to others!Robert Greenleaf
19 Courage The ability to step forward through fear Accepting responsibilityGoing against the status quoTaking responsibility for mistakes/failuresPushing beyond the comfort zoneAsking for what you wantSaying what you thinkFighting for what you believe in
20 Six principles of Building TRUST Deal openly with everyoneConsider all points of viewKeep promisesGive responsibility as well as authorityListen to understand (using dialogue)Demonstrate that YOU CARE about people(* Do Exercise 3-2 p 313)
21 Courage in Application to Moral Leadership Requires personal courageOpposing unethical conductFinding personal courageBelieve in a higher purposeDraw strength from othersWelcome failureHarness frustration and anger
22 To Practice Moral Leadership You Must:Connect/True Concern with/for peoplePractice StewardshipProvide Equity and justice to allSelf-understanding
23 Unethical Climate In U.S. Businesses Consequences of unethical and illegal behavior:Difficulty in attracting good employeesCustomers find other businessesInvestors withdraw their support
24 WhistleblowingEmployee disclosure of illegal, immoral, or unethical practices in the organization