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Imperialism: Europe Reaches Out

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism: Europe Reaches Out"— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism: Europe Reaches Out
The power point presentation covers the material from Chapter 16 of the Mastering the TEKS in World History book by Jarrett, Zimmer, and Killoran.

2 Essential Questions What were the causes of the “New Imperialism?”
How did imperialism have different characteristics in different places? Was the overall impact of imperialism good or bad?

3 Important Ideas New Imperialism
Political, Economic, and Social Motivations Characteristics of Imperialism China and Latin America Local Opposition

4 European Imperialism

5 Imperialism Imperialism: the political and economic control of one area or country by another. Past Examples: Persia Rome European Colonies in 15th – 18th Century The Roman Empire What are the benefits to controlling the government and economy of another country?

6 European Imperialism European countries created colonies all over the world Some colonies were lost when they revolted, such as the U.S. By the 19th century Europe still had colonies in India, South Africa, and the East Indies What might be some negative aspects of controlling another countries government and economy?

7 The British “Raj” (Reign) in India
During the 18th century Great Britain took control of much of India Reforms: Wiped out some old local traditions and customs Built a railroad Spread Christianity Built schools and colleges English became official language The Indians like some of the new changes, but resented the change to their customs and beliefs Britain tried to modernize India. Why did the Indians resent the British efforts?

8 The Sepoy Mutiny (1857) Britain used Indian soldiers called Sepoys to control the country The Sepoys revolted in 1857 The British easily stopped the rebellion After this Britain took over complete control of the country Queen Victoria became the Empress of India Do you think the Indian people might try and achieve independence again? Why?

9 The Impact of British Rule on India
Government: Unified India under one government Made English the official language Economic: built roads, railways, and telegraph Hurt local cottage industry from British manufacturing Health: built hospitals Introduced new medicine Provided famine relief Resulted in a population explosion Social: Indian culture was seen as inferior to British Indian workers provided cheap labor, working long hours for little pay Was the British reign in India good or bad? Explain.

10 Other British Colonies
Britain also has colonies in: South Africa West Indies Canada Australia New Zeland Singapore What might be some of the problems with having colonies all over the world?

11 Other European Colonies
France: West Indies West Africa India Algeria Indochina Holland: Dutch East Indies Spain: Philippines Cuba Puerto Rico Why did European countries feel they needed colonies?

12 Imperialism in Africa

13 The “New Imperialism” Imperialism was almost gone in the 18th century due to the loss of many of the American colonies A new imperialism sprang up from 1880 to Almost every corner of the earth was claimed by a European country Describe the picture

14 Causes of the “New Imperialism”
Industrial Revolution Technologies Steamboat helped reach the interior of Africa and Asia Telegraph made communication across large distances possible Railroad made shipping of goods and raw materials easier Medicine made exploring new areas safer New military weapons helped to control local people Can you name another time in history when technology has promoted such a movement?

15 Causes of the “New Imperialism”
Economic Motives: Industry needed raw materials Industry needed new markets Political Motives: Demonstrates a nations power Sought to preserve a balance of power between European countries Social Motives: Social Darwinism: some societies were superior to others and should spread their culture Spread Christianity Explain how this picture relates to Social Darwinism

16 The “Scramble for Africa”
Between 1870 and 1890 most of Africa came under the control of a European country 1880 a revolt in Egypt prompted Great Britain to take over that country so it could continue to use the Suez Canal In 1884 the Berlin Conference divided Africa up among the European countries By 1890 only Ethiopia and Liberia were independent Explain this picture

17 Major Imperial Powers France: Belgium: Great Britain: Germany:
Central Africa Northwest Africa above the Sahara Belgium: The Congo Great Britain: West Africa East African coast from Egypt to South Africa Germany: Tanganyika Cameroon Togo Southwest Africa

18 Positive Effects of Imperialism in Africa
Health: Medicine Improved nutrition Longer life spans Population explosion Technology Modern transportation (steamboat & railroad) Communications (telegraph and telephone) Economics: Some Africans received an education Some received better jobs such as administrators or in the army Is the loss of the control of your government and economy worth the positive outcomes of that loss?

19 Negative Effects on Imperialism in Africa
Traditions: Led to an erosion of traditional African values Destroyed existing social relationships Culture African people were treated as inferior Africans worked long hours for little money in terrible conditions Politically: Africa was divided without thought toward tribal, ethnic, and cultural boundaries Led to continuing tribal conflicts What might be some of the effects to a society that loses its culture?

20 "Informal Imperialism" Explain the meaning of this political cartoon.

21 European Powers and China
Why Europe was Interested in China: Large market Valuable raw materials Produced good Europeans wanted China lacked a strong military. Europe forced China to do what it wanted.

22 The Opium Wars (1839-1842) Causes: Britain easily won Results:
Britain sold opium in China to get money to buy tea China sentenced opium dealers to death to try and stop this practice Britain declared war Britain easily won Results: Damaged the Chinese economy Created political instability in China Britain got new trade privileges giving Britain economic control of some areas (Spheres of Influence) Other European countries wanted their own Sphere of Influence Chinese people revolted against the Chinese rulers British gunships pound the Chinese coast Why do you think the European countries felt they had the right to control the Chinese economy?

23 U.S. Involvement in China
U.S. Open Door Policy: The U.S. proposed equal trading rights between all countries in They wanted a part of the action. Boxer Rebellion: Chinese (Boxers) rebelled against foreign influence Hundreds of foreigners were killed European forces put down the rebellion The U.S. helped to stop the rebellion with troops and ships stationed in the Philippines, but also stopped Europe from further dividing up China. What does the rebellion show of how the Chinese people felt about foreign influence? What was the U.S. main purpose in China?

24 The Opening of Japan Japan closed itself off to foreigners in 1639.
The U.S. sent a naval force to Japan in 1853: Led by Mathew Perry Sought to open Japanese ports Japan opened its ports, so they would not be taken over like China Meiji Restoration ( ): The nobles in Japan criticized the decision to open its doors The Shogun fell and was replaced by the Emperor The Emperor tried to make Japan more like the West. He sent scholars to learn western technologies and customs Mathew Perry Compare and contrast Western influence on China and Japan.

25 Latin America Spanish American War:
Spain still held Puerto Rico, Cub, and a few islands in the late 1800s. Cuba rebelled in 1898. In 1898 the USS Maine blew up in the Havana harbor. US and Spain went to war. US won and received Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines from Spain The US also annexed Hawaii Would you consider the U.S. to be imperialistic based on the events in China, Japan, and the Spanish American War.

26 Latin America Most of Latin America was economically dependent on the U.S. and Great Britain. Panama Canal: Shorter route between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Area was owned by Columbia. President Roosevelt encouraged Panamanian rebels to declare independence in 1904. The U.S. protected the rebels. Took 10 years to build the canal Used the Monroe Doctrine as a basis for protecting the canal. Roosevelt said “Walk softly and carry a big stick.” How does this statement relate to the Panama Canal situation.

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