2 Poetry Terms free verse Simple poetry written to sound like regular conversation.Example:Fifty cents a piece to eat our lunch
3 Poetry Terms Alliteration The repetition of a letter sound or letters that are close together.Example:Leaping Lions by Natasha Niemi“Leaping Lions leap after lengthy naps”
4 “Leaping Lions” by Natasha Niemi Leaping Lions leap after lengthy naps.They sleepily stretch strong appendagesTo prepare properly for the precious hunt.Young, youthful lions Gallop gallantly on the grassland plains. Then they too sleep serenely after strenuous stretching.
5 Poetry TermshaikuJapanese poem of 3 lines. The first and last lines have 5 syllables and the middle line has 7 syllables. The lines rarely rhyme.Example: “I am first with fiveThen seven in the middle --Five again to end.”
6 Poetry Terms http://dearsantaclaus.biz/grinch.htm Rhyme The repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds that follow.Example:
7 Does this rhyme? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y75lVEv7Tqw They say in this town, stars stay up all night Well, I don’t know, can’t see ‘em for the glow of the neon lights An' it's a long way from here to the place where the home fires burn Well it's two thousand miles and one left turn Dear Mom and Dad Please send money, I’m so broke that it ain’t funny Well, I don't need much, just enough to get me through Please don’t worry 'cause I'm all right See, I’m playin? here at the bar tonight Well, this time I’m gonna make our dreams come true Well, I love you more than anything in the world Love, your baby girlSongwriters: Bieser, Troy; Bush, Kristian; Hall, Kristen; Hartley, Robert Bret; Nettles, Jennifer; Simonton, Lisa Kay;
8 Poetry Terms Rhyme Scheme the pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by lettersExample: My Beard
9 Rhyme Scheme My Beard My beard grows to my toes, I never wears no clothes,I wraps my hairAround my bare,And down the road I goes.By Shel Silverstien
10 Internal Rhyme Are rhymes with in the lines. Example: Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning. Edgar Allan Poe, from “The Raven”
11 End Rhyme Are rhymes at the ends of lines. Example: “Condition” by Vikram Seth
12 “Condition” by Vikram Seth I have to speak – I must - I shouldI ought to speakI’d tell you how I love you if I thoughtThe world would end tomorrow afternoon.But short of that… well, it might be too soon.
13 Poetry TermsLimerickA humorous five-line verse that has a regular meter and the rhyme scheme aabba!Example: “There was an old man of PeruWho dreamt he was eating a shoeHe awoke in the nightWith a terrible frightAnd found it perfectly true!”by: Edward Lear
14 There was a lady from Niger Who smiled as she rode a tiger Limerick ExampleThere was a lady from NigerWho smiled as she rode a tigerThey came back from the rideWith the lady inside,And the smile on the face of the tigerLimerick Game!
15 Poetry Terms Meter The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. O Captain! My Captain!By Walt WhitmanPage 626 (8th grade book)
16 RhythmA musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns.Example:One, two, Buckle my shoe; Three, four, Shut the door.
17 Poetry TermsRefrainA repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a poem or song or even in a speech.Poem- “Green Eggs and Ham” by Dr. SuessSong- “Dear mom and dad I’ll send money” SugarlandSpeech- “I have a dream” MLK
18 Green Eggs and Ham By Dr. Suess I am Sam I am Sam Sam I am That Sam-I-am That Sam-I-am! I do not like that Sam-I-am Do you like green eggs and ham I do not like them, Sam-I-am. I do not like green eggs and ham. Would you like them Here or there? I would not like them here or there. I would not like them anywhere. I do not like green eggs and ham. I do not like them, Sam-I-am Would you like them in a house? Would you like them with a mouse?
19 Warm Up Sharing I’ll share your toys, I’ll share your money, I’ll share your toast, I’ll share your honey,I’ll share your milk and your cookies too-The hard part’s sharing mine with you.By Shel SilversteinDoes this poem have rhyme?Does this poem have rhyme scheme, if so what is it?Does this poem have refrain?Is this poem a limerick? Explain your answer.
20 Poetry Terms Narrative Poetry Poetry that tells a story. Example: “The Highwayman”by Alfred NoyesPage 340 (7th grade book)
21 Poetry TermsThemeThe implied message of a work, general idea, or insight.Example: “Mother Doesn’t Want a Dog”by: Judith ViorstPage 255 (6th grade book)
22 Poetry TermsStanzaIn a poem, a group of lines that form a unit. A stanza in a poem is something like a paragraph in prose; often expresses a unit of thought.
23 Poetry TermsMoodThe overall emotion created by a work of literature. Mood can be described in one or two adjectives, such as eerie, sad, dreamy, lonely, mysterious, and depressing.Example: Since Hanna Moved Away
24 Since Hanna Moved Away The tires in bike are flat. The sky is grouchy gray.At least it sure feels like thatSince Hanna moved away.Chocolate ice cream tastes like prunes.December’s come to stay.They’ve taken back the Mays and JunesFlowers smell like halibut.Velvet feels hay.Every handsome dog’s a mutt.Nothing’s fun to laugh about.Nothing’s fun to play.They call me, but I won’t come outJudith Viorst
25 Poetry Terms Onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests meaning.Boom, bang, sniffle, rumble, hush, ding, snort, and buzz.Boo, Bark, Fizz, Buzz, Hiss, Honk, moo.Page 180 (6th grade book)
26 Poetry Terms Figures of Speech A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and is not literally true.Also seen as figurative language!
27 Figurative Language Personification Giving an object or nonliving thing characteristics of living (usually human) things.Examples:My computer throws a fit every time I try to use it.The run down house appeared depressed.
28 The Basketball GameThe basketball swished As the ball dived right through It was a great shot, this much is true The buzzer let out it’s nasally laugh The end of the quarter, the end of the half The game did resume when the ref’s whistle barked ‘Players get ready’, their interest was sparked It was a tough game, the court became scuffed The brooms cleaned and polished, and made it all buffed The backboard was aching, as the shots kept on coming Despite its best efforts, the ball kept on drumming We had so much fun, the basket was tired And all of the players were hot and perspiredPoetry by Alan Loren
29 Figurative Language Simile A comparison between to unlike things using “like” or “as”.Example: “His voice is as loud as a trumpet”And “Her eyes are like the blue sky”
30 What Am I? by Sophie A small pink nose as soft as a rose A pair of beady eyes as black as the night2 tiny ears as smooth as a featherA long brown tail as twisty as a willow tree branch.An oval little body the size of an eggFine little whiskers as shiny as a starSmall scuttling feet as fast as lightningWhat am I?Who am I?Can you guess?
31 Warm Up1. Define imagery.2. Create an example of a simile. Remember to use “as” or “like”.
32 Figurative Language Imagery Language that appeals to the senses- sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell. Most images are visual, meaning they create pictures in our minds.Example: Otis Redding “Sitting on the Dock of the Bay”Carrie Underwood“Two Black Cadillac’s”
33 Figurative Language Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing.Example:“He is such a bear today.”“Her home was a prison.”“Sam is a real pig when he eats.”
34 Figurative Language Hyperbole An obvious exaggeration, usually funny. Example:I was so hungry I ate my plate!He told me a million times not to exaggerate.
35 Figurative Language Symbol A thing (could be an object, person, situation or action) which stands for something else more abstract. For example our flag is the symbol of our country
37 The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim Because it was grassy and wanted wear, Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I marked the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.by Robert Frost
38 Warm Up 1. Define Refrain 2. Give an example of a hyperbole. 3. Define personification4. Define imagery.5. Create an example of a simile. Remember to use “as” or “like”.
39 Poetry TermsEpicA long narrative poem in elevated language celebrating the adventures and achievements of a legendary or traditional hero.Example – Homer’s OdysseyEpic poem about the hero Odyssey’s return home after the Trojan War. Believed that epic poems were performed by professionals.
40 Poetry TermsBallada song or poem telling a story in a number of short regular stanzas, often with a refrainExample:The Ballad of Davy Crockett
41 SonnetA poem, that expresses a single complete thought, idea or sentiment. It has 14 lines and contains a rhyme scheme.It consists of a group of eight lines, rhymed abbaabba, followed by a group of six lines with different rhymes. The distribution of these rhymes can vary, including cdcede, cdecde, cdedce, or even cdcdcd.
42 Sonnet Example An example of a Sonnet poem Scribbler! oh what a joy you can find hereEric is the one that heads the great teamFull of poems, stories and happy cheerHopefully it will make our readers gleamBronte's Grammar is full of homework helpGuest authors revealing secrets galoreWhile the tricky puzzles will make you yelpThere is no way Scribbler! will make you snoreEric will start a tale needing an endFancy a challenge? Puzzle Time is hereShakespeare picks the great pictures you all sendEv'ry issue's jam-packed, let's give a cheerHow 'bout finding Eric hidden awayJump on the Scribbler! wagon, come and play!
43 OdeAn ode is a lyric poem, usually addressing a particular person or thing. Meaning to sing or chant, and belongs to the long and varied tradition of lyric poetry.Example: Ode to the Forgotten by Mizz Midnight Fire
44 Ode To The ForgottenOde to the people who were forgotten They were once loved and cared for Ode to their lives Everyday they hurt While in desperation for love and generosity. Ode to their heart That was torn apart viciously With little consideration Of their inner feelings Ode to their memories That bring back happiness Or to the ones That are very vague. Ode to those who have tried Those who haven't given up The ones that will keep climbin For them life hasn't been easy.MIZZ MIDNIGHT FIRE
45 Lyric PoemLyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now commonly referred to as the words to a song. Lyric poetry does not tell a story which portrays characters and actions. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions.Lyric poems have a musical rhythm, and their topics often explore romantic feelings or other strong emotions. You can usually identify a lyric poem by its musicality: if you can imagine singing it, it's probably lyric
47 Poetry Terms Plot A series of related events that make up a story What happens in a story, novel, or narrative poem.
48 Poetry TermsSettingThe time and place of a story or poem. Where it takes place; the season, location, year.It was a dark and dreary night
49 Poetry Terms Characterization Way a writer shows the personality of a characterExample:physical description — telling us what the character looks likedialogue — what the character saysphysical actions — what the character does (particularly in relation to what he or she says or thinks.)thoughts, or metal actions — the character's inner life, what the character thinksjudgment by others — what other characters say and think about this fictional person
50 Poetry Terms Diamonte/Diamond A poem in the shape of a diamond. Each line uses specific type of words like adjectives and –ing words. It does not have to rhyme.Example:
51 Diamonte Day Bright, Sunny Laughing, playing, doing Up in the east, down in the westTalking, resting, sleepingQuiet, DarkNight
52 Poetry Terms Denotation The literal, dictionary definition of a word. ExampleStar -Remember denotation starts with D and is the Definition. Have student look up the definition for star. Can be thing in sky or a famous person.
53 Poetry Terms Connotation Feelings, memories, images, and ideas that are attached to words. Can be positive or negative.Example:Fragrance scent smell odor stinkLook/read at all the words. What do all the words have in common? What do they mean? Which word would you use to describe something that smells good? Why?
54 Which word in each pair below has more favorable (positive) connotation to you? Penny-pincherAggressiveCookSkinnyhouseThrifty orPushy orChef orSlender orHome or
55 Poetry TermsIronyA contrast between what is expected and what really happens or what is said and what it meant.Example:A shoemaker wearing shoes with holes.A teacher sleeps in class then wakes up and yells at the students for sleeping
56 Verbal Irony is the difference between what is said and what is meant. Example:
57 Situational Ironyis the difference between what actually happens and what is expected.Example:
58 Dramatic Ironyis the difference between what the audience sees and what the characters believe to be true.Example: